Publications on forced labour

February 2008

  1. Publication

    Forced labour and trafficking in Europe: how people are trapped in, live through and come out

    11 February 2008

    The paper is based on ILO research carried out between 2003 and 2007. It summarizes largely qualitative research from ten European source, transit and destination countries. It is therefore the result of a collective effort of researchers from many countries. The purpose of this project was to close a gap in current research that exists up to today: Most trafficking-related research, in particular primary research, focuses on trafficking of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Other forms of trafficking, such as those linked to forced labour in labour-intensive economic sectors, are still under-researched and under-theorized.

January 2008

  1. Meeting document

    Forced Labor: Critical Issues For US Business Leaders

    28 January 2008

    Background paper prepared for conference on "Engaging Business: Addressing Forced Labor", Atlanta, Georgia, February 20, 2008. Written by Roger Plant, Special Action Program to Combat Forced Labour, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland

  2. Meeting document

    "Engaging Business: Addressing Forced Labor" - AGENDA

    28 January 2008

  3. Meeting document


    28 January 2008

    Background Paper

  4. Meeting document

    ILO panel on “Supply Chain Management – Eliminating the Risks of Forced Labour and Trafficking”

    28 January 2008


  5. Meeting document

    ILO panel on “The Roles of Employers’ Organisations, Businesses and Trade Unions in Combating Trafficking for Labour Exploitation”

    28 January 2008


  6. Meeting document

    ILO workshop on “Demand for Forced Labour and Sexual Exploitation – How and Why it Fuels Human Trafficking”

    28 January 2008


  7. Publication

    Temporary Contract Labour in the Gulf States: Perspectives from two countries of origin

    24 January 2008

    A summary paper based on studies commissioned by the International Labour Office for the Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour

  8. Publication

    Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia project flier

    23 January 2008

    Project flier for the project "Development of a comprehensive anti-trafficking response in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia" (2006 - 2008)

December 2007

  1. Publication

    “I Forzati del Mare” (The Forced labourers of the sea), Valter Zanin (In Italian only)

    01 December 2007

    This book is about forced labour in maritime carg osector and about the difficulties to estimate the numbers of active seafarers within the complex patterns if multinational merchant crews in the XX and XXI centuries. The author tries to calculate the minimum estimate of seafarers compelled in various ways to work, according (and sometimes discussing) the ILO definition of forced labour. The blacklisting in the shipping sector is a form of forcing workers to accept degrading jobs and not only an attack to freedom of association. He explains that the problem of forced labour is not so easily related to the flagging out and the expansion of the flags of convenience.