Thematic deep-dives

The demand for more tailored policy advice is on the rise. Every country has its own contextual challenges and opportunities, and policy-makers request guidance on how to reach specific groups, break free from destructive development paths, and how to take advantage of the possibilities provided by the ongoing revolution in digital and green technologies.

This page complements the overall guidance for employment diagnostics and is aimed to guide analysis that answers the more specific questions decision makers and social partners may have in a given context. The presented tools can be used in conjunction with an overall employment diagnostic to strengthen certain aspects, or as stand-alone tools to answer specific policy questions or to understand the employment dynamics vis-à-vis a given topic. The page will be continuously updated with the latest tools and studies related to the cutting-edge topics in the prevailing context. Guidance on assessing the employment impacts of green transition, digitalisation, investments in care and employment diagnostics in conflict settings will be available shortly.

Preview of the upcoming work

The ILO is currently working on a guidance for green employment diagnostics to understand the underlying employment dynamics as they relate to the ongoing environmental and climate challenges. The aim is to analyse the impact of climate change and the potential of green transition on the labour market, and to identify challenges and opportunities for sustainable pathways towards productive employment for all. The guidelines will be tested and refined through a pilot and consultations at country level. The final guidance will take the form of a handbook, designed to build the capacity of national counterparts and employment specialists to assess the current and future employment impacts of green transition especially in low- and middle-income countries.

Simultaneously with the climate and environmental changes, technological change has had profound impacts on most, if not all, aspects of society. The widespread adoption of technology in the production, consumption and use of goods and services has redefined the digital economy. Once considered restricted to the Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) sector, the “digitalization” of economic and related activities has meant that technology is embedded, albeit to varying degrees, across most, if not all, sectors of the economy. To analyse ways to measure the employment impact of digitalisation across all sectors and understand the implications of digitalisation on employment dynamics in general, the ILO is developing a new methodology for digital employment diagnostics.

UN Women and the ILO have jointly developed a policy tool to measure the necessary investments in care to meet the SDGs and how to identify its employment impacts. The tool is a step-by-step guide to: the identification of coverage gaps in care services (namely public healthcare, long-term care, early childhood care & education, and primary and secondary education); the estimation of the costs of public investments and expenditures for eliminating these coverage gaps; and the assessment of the various economic returns to such investments in the short- and the long-run, including their direct and indirect impacts on employment. The ILO has estimated applying this methodology that 205 million jobs could be created in education, and 270 million jobs in health and social work by 2030. New, detailed country level applications to the policy tool at the country level will be available during 2023.

In the current context of multiple crises, social inequalities are on the rise and many of the women and men currently living in poverty find themselves in conflict and fragile settings. To better understand the linkages between conflict dynamics and employment, the ILO is developing tools and country studies on employment diagnostics in conflict settings.

The tools and upcoming country studies will be available on this site during 2023.