Public Employment Programmes (PEPs) are publicly financed and government-implemented long-term investment programmes that directly create employment through productive activities with a high labour intensity, rather than through the expansion of civil services. These interventions share the primary
objective of providing employment for workers who are unable to support themselves due to a shortage
of market-based employment opportunities. These programmes may also be financed and implemented by donor agencies, in collaboration with a government. The ILO’s Employment-Intensive Investment
Programme (EIIP) provides technical guidance to governments in the design and implementation of PEPs, and this note explains how.