1. About

    Employment-Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP)

    The EIIP has over 40 years of experience in more than 70 countries giving it a unique portfolio of productive employment creation for economic development, social protection, and natural resource management.

Employment intensive investments

Around the world millions of people lack infrastructure (roads, bridges, water supply, etc.) to access basic services (water, health, education). Improving infrastructure and maintaining them can improve living standards and have a direct impact in the quality of people’s lives. Productive community infrastructures can also contribute to reducing (rural and urban) poverty and have the potential for offering better economic and social benefits.

Employment-intensive investments link infrastructure development with employment creation, poverty reduction and local economic and social development. In using local labour and resources they create much needed employment and income, reduce costs, save foreign currency, and support local industry while increasing the capacity of local institutions.

The combination of local participation in planning with the utilization of locally available skills, appropriate technology, materials and work methods has proven to be an effective and economically viable approach to infrastructure works and jobs creation in many countries.


  1. Event

    18th African Regional Seminar for Labour-Based Practitioners

    9-13 September 2019, Tunis, Tunisia

    The theme of this edition is: "Towards sustainable and inclusive local development: local resource-based approaches and decent job creation". Through different seminar plenaries, parallel sessions, groups and exhibitions over five days, the estimated 500 seminar participants will share, discuss and evaluate ideas, knowledge and experience developed in terms of policies, practices and technologies with high potential of employment creation, decent work and quality works.

  2. News

    ILO response to Syrian refugee crisis

    23 January 2019

    A high level Norwegian delegation visited sites of ILO-led initiatives in Jordan’s agricultural sector on Sunday (January 20), to witness first-hand the impact the initiatives are having at creating immediate and decent jobs for Syrian refugees and Jordanian members of their host communities.

  3. Press release

    ILO donors visit refugee response frontline in Jordan

    30 January 2017

    Representatives from various development partners supporting the ILO in Jordan visited the cities of Mafraq and Irbid to witness first-hand how the UN agency is working to ease the impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on the local labour market.

  4. Event

    Release of Training Manuals for Barefoot Technicians (MGNREGA) and for Contractors & Field Engineers (PMGSY) and Impact Assessment Study of PMGSY Roads

    6 October 2015, New Delhi, India

    Training manuals for barefoot technicians (MGNREGA) and contractors & field engineers (PMGSY) as well as impact assessment study of PMGSY roads were launched at an event jointly organized by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, and the ILO at Vigyan Bhawan on 6 October 2015 during the visit of Ms. Sandra Polaski, Deputy Director-General (Policy), ILO.

Key resources

  1. Publication

    Creating jobs through public investment

    7 March 2018

    This document provides information about the main components of the Employment Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP) of the ILO, namely Employment Impact Assessment, Public Employment Programmes (PEPs), Public and Private Sector Development, Green Works, Community and Local Resource-Based Approaches, and Emergency Employment.

  2. Publication

    Illustrated guidelines for gender-responsive employment intensive investment programmes

    15 March 2016

    The guidelines highlight how the EIIP cycle has entry points where gender equality can be promoted. Such entry points include: ensuring that disadvantaged groups can participate in and meaningfully contribute to the planning and implementation of rural infrastructure; engaging women in planning processes; and ensuring that they can also benefit from the employment offered. Enabling women to take up employment also requires specific measures depending on local customs and culture. Measures that tend to enhance women’s participation include: equal pay for work of equal value; child care; quota setting; making works available close to home; flexible working hours; and options for part-time work.
    Indeed, EIIPs have offered many poor and illiterate women a chance to work and earn money. Women have been provided with opportunities to enter traditionally male-dominated construction work and acquire on-the job skills, which they can apply in other work.

  3. Publication

    Towards the right to work: A guidebook for designing innovative public employment programmes

    20 June 2012

    This Guidebook on designing innovative public employment programmes was developed in 2012 by the International Labour Office (ILO)'s Employment Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP). It is supplemented by a course that has been developed with support from the ILO's International Training Centre (ITCILO) for a mixed audience of policy makers and social actors, planners, and senior / middle-level officials from different national ministries and development agencies and programmes concerned.

  4. Publication

    Local investments for climate change adaptation: Green jobs through green works

    1 December 2011

    The guide describes the approach in the context of climate change adaptation and identifies the benefits for poor communities. It links climate change adaptation with poverty reduction and employment creation. The guide contains three general sections on the context and the approach and five technical sections that identify possible climate change adaptation works in five subsectors: irrigation, soil and water conservation, flood control, rural transport and forestry. It elaborates on the local resource-based approach and demonstrates how green jobs can be created through green works.

  5. Report

    Mitigating a Jobs Crisis: Innovations in Public Employment Programmes (IPEP)

    01 July 2010

    Employment Sector - Employment Report No. 6

  6. Publication

    Building Rural Roads

    05 November 2008 - Bangkok

    Rural roads are the last link of the transport network, however, they often form the most important connection in terms of providing access for the rural population. The permanent or seasonal absence of road access is a constraining factor in terms of providing rural communities with essential services such as education, primary health care, water supply, local markets as well as economic opportunities. The availability of such services and opportunities are difficult to sustain without a good quality and well-maintained rural road network, which provides regular and efficient transport access throughout the year.

  7. Training material

    Employment-Intensive Infrastructure Programmes: Capacity building for contracting in the construction Sector

    01 January 1999

    Provides a set of guidelines for programmes which aim to integrate cost-effective employment-intensive approaches into infrastructure works while respecting basic labour standards and working conditions.

  8. Training material

    Employment-intensive infrastructure programmes : labour policies and practices

    01 February 1998

    Based on studies and the experience of ILO technical cooperation projects. Includes recommendations for government ministries, and workers’ and employers’ organizations.