Employment-Intensive Investment in


Activities of the Employment Intensive Investment Programme in Pakistan

Current EIIP Involvement

EIIP has currently no activities in Pakistan.

Historical Information

EIIP related activities in Pakistan started as part of the ILO assistance after the earthquake in 2005. The bulk of this support was provided as technical assistance through two projects, one funded by the European Union and the second by the World Bank, consisting of management and technical support to reconstruction works. The application of employment-intensive work methods proved to be effective support to livelihoods restoration. Equally, the use of community contracting for rehabilitating and reconstructing access roads and other community infrastructure was an effective arrangement to early recovery works when the regular construction industry capacity was stretched.

With financial support from the European Commission, the EIIP was a key partner along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in the Community-based Livelihoods Recovery Programme (CBLRP) in Balakot and Muzzafarabad Districts. The ILO provided support to three components - (i) skills development, (ii) reconstruction of rural infrastructure, and (iii) employment generation services – with the aim to restore income generation activities of the affected population and support the rehabilitation of community infrastructure related to livelihoods recovery and economic development. 140 km of rural roads were rehabilitated using employment-intensive work methods, in which training was provided to 9,000 men and women through community contracts.

From 2007 to 2010, the EIIP provided technical assistance to the World Bank funded Earthquake Additional Financing Project in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Project activities consisted of the reconstruction and repair of government office buildings, primary schools and village access roads in four districts affected by the earthquake. The ILO technical assistance focused on three activities: general management support to the project implementation office, technical support to the road works, and organising the rehabilitation of local roads and schools through community contracts.

While the bulk of the EIIP involvement has been on the post-disaster reconstruction works, support has also been provided during the early recovery works using debris clearing as a means to provide short-term employment and cash income. This was the case immediately after the earthquakes in Kashmir and Baluchistan as well as after the floods in 2010 and 2011.

In 2010, the ILO joined the UN Country and Humanitarian Teams and was involved in Cash for Work schemes and took the lead in the Non Farm Employment Livelihoods Sector of the Community Restoration and Early Recovery Cluster. In addition, the ILO was a core part of the Disaster Needs Assessment (DNA). ILO’s focus was on strengthening existing community-level organizations, in particular village committees and self-help groups through short-term employment creation.

In the late 2000s, the EIIP also conducted extensive discussions with the Planning Commission on how to enhance the employment intensity of on-going rural infrastructure programmes in the country. Activities included a comprehensive study of the sector including several workshops to discuss how the ILO can play a more active role in this field.

Further Reading