Employment-Intensive Investment in China

Web page | 10 December 2014

Current EIIP Involvement

On request of MOHRSS (Ministry of Human Resources and Security), an ILO-led mission was conducted in February 2011 to explore the possibility to develop, in cooperation with the Government, an employment impact assessment system focusing on public (infrastructure) investment.

In a technical meeting with Employment Promotion Department of MOHRSS, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the State Council and modeling experts, the ILO gave a comprehensive presentation on Employment Impact Assessment tools, which was well received. MOHRSS and some researchers expressed special interest in green jobs. It was agreed that while the presented tools are not the only tools for EIA, the ILO has had good experiences with them and consider them appropriate for employment impact assessment on public (infrastructure) investment and green jobs. Some particularities of China’s economy were stressed as well as the data challenge, which both should not be an insurmountable hurdle. It was in general agreed by MOHRSS and NDRC that it would be worthwhile trying out the (Dy)SAM methodology in China and adjust it to the national conditions.

Historical Information

China and South-South Cooperation
China is now the second largest economy in the world, having overtaken Japan in 2010. The Chinese Cooperation Agency and the China International Centre for Economic and Technical Exchanges (CICETE)/ Ministry of Commerce attended the South-South Expo of the United Nations in at the ILO headquarters in Geneva, and have expressed support for SSC (South-South Cooperation) in the ILO’s programme and budget and signaled future cooperation in working with the ILO on SSC. The Government of China has been actively supporting South-South activities in the United Nations through its South-South Unit hosted by UNDP. The 2010 Shanghai Expo was another opportunity for China to share experience with the UN system, and the ILO in particular on skills development initiatives.