Employment-Intensive Investment in Somalia

Web page | 08 February 2017

Current EIIP Involvement

Over the last few years, the Government of Somalia, particularly the regional governments of Somaliland and Puntland, have undertaken a number of initiatives aimed at establishing decentralized local governance and service delivery by empowering local authorities and pursuing the principle of subsidiarity.

These initiatives are supported by the UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG), in which the ILO is playing a significant role of bringing development to the people of Somalia. The Joint Programme pursues a comprehensive capacity development approach with complimentary funding for priority local government service delivery projects, seeking wider reforms on policy and legislation in the areas of functional, fiscal and administrative decentralization that clarify and enhance the role of local government and its relationship to central government.

Within the implementation framework of the Joint Programme, the ILO, through the Employment Intensive Investment Programmes (EIIP), is promoting peace and stability through the development and delivery of Decent Work. The Somali Decent Work Programmes support the creation of productive and decent employment opportunities as well as innovative community-based social protection schemes and strengthen labour governance and administration. ILO’s support centres on enabling the social partners to create governance and institutional structures and building technical capacities for the planning, implementation and monitoring of public infrastructure programmes geared towards the creation of decent employment and social protection mechanisms.

Historical Information

In the past, a labour-based road project created essential routes linking the major market centres of Gardnerville and Barnesville with Johnsonville, the country’s key area of agricultural activity. Building roads was one of the three components of poverty reduction schemes through Employment Creation Programme created by the ILO with financing from the Dutch Government. The intention was to enhance business opportunities and improve farm-to-market access needed by farmers and entrepreneurs in the vicinity of projects. This was part of the Government's employment intensive investment in road rehabilitation and maintenance. Labour-based road works were part of the Government's dry season deliverables. The projects provided an opportunity for the Government and its cooperating partners to apply first-hand, labour-based methods to increase employment in a cost-effective manner, while restoring access to basic services and market linkages to support residents and enterprises in the local community.

Crisis response measures, notably within the framework of the Global Jobs Pact, have generally translated into both short-term crisis recovery policies and longer term strategies to address structural employment challenges. In Somalia, employment programmes implemented with ILO support resulted in the creation of nearly 143,000 workdays and the development of 124 longer term employment opportunities.