Publications on Collective bargaining and labour relations


  1. Factsheet no. 5 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Grievance handling

    19 March 2018

    Workers have rights and entitlements that are established in laws, employment contracts, collective agreements and workplace rules, as well as in custom and practice (the way things are normally done – and have been done for a long time – in a particular workplace, industry or occupation). We say that workers have a grievance when they believe that some aspect of these is not being respected by their employer. Grievances are usually described as ‘individual’ when only one worker is involved and ‘collective’ when a group of workers all believe they are suffering from the same breach of the rules. Grievances relate to addressing infringements of existing rights and entitlements, from bullying or harassment, to underpayment of wages, refusal to grant rest periods, weekly rest days or public holidays, discrimination or underpayment of bonuses or other entitlements.

  2. Book

    Industrial relations in emerging economies: The quest for inclusive development

    15 March 2018

    This work examines industrial and employment relations in the emerging economies of Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Turkey while assessing the contribution of industrial relations to inclusive development.


  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 89

    Social dialogue and economic performance - What matters for business, a review

    15 September 2017

  2. Publication

    Country baselines under the ILO Declaration Annual Review (2000-2016)

    24 July 2017

  3. INWORK Policy Brief No. 10

    Purchasing practices and working conditions in global supply chains: Global Survey results

    09 June 2017

  4. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 87

    Sectoral collective bargaining, productivity and competitiveness in South Africa’s clothing value chain: manufacturers between a rock and a hard place

    16 May 2017


  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 83

    Redistributing value added towards labour in apparel supply chains: Tackling low wages through purchasing practices

    07 October 2016

  2. Publication

    Outcome 14: Promoting the Right to Freedom of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining (Final Evaluation Summary)

    03 June 2016

    Project: GLO/14/66/SID - Evaluation Consultant: Sandy Wark


  1. Publication

    The Situation of Non-regular Public Employees in Local Government in Japan: focus on Gender

    19 December 2015

    Non-regular public employees in the local governments are increasing rapidly in Japan. According to statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIAC) (2012b), there were 603,582 non-regular public employees as of April 1, 2012, compared to 455,840 from their 2005 survey or an increase of 147,742 (32%) over seven years. Out of that more recent figure, 448,742 (74.2%) were women.

  2. Publication

    Non-standard Employment in Government: An Overview from Canada and Brazil

    19 December 2015

    This report reviews the status and the implications of non-standard employment in the government in two countries: Canada and Brazil. Recent research and policy discussions have been focused on the growth of non-standard employment in the private sector in many countries.