09 June 2017
Policy Brief No.10
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 87
Sectoral collective bargaining, productivity and competitiveness in South Africa’s clothing value chain: manufacturers between a rock and a hard place
16 May 2017
This working paper focusses on the role of sectoral collective bargaining in wage setting and the different factors that might account for the link between wage and productivity growth. It examines various initiatives to improve productivity in the South African clothing sector. These include sectoral framework agreements on the adoption of productivity schemes at the enterprise level, the introduction of ‘world class manufacturing techniques’, consultant-led productivity schemes, and management-designed incentive schemes introduced in consultation with workers. The study finds that sectoral-level bargaining is effective in establishing a common wage floor for the industry that also rewards more productive firms (and workers). Moreover, during a period of liberalization and industry restructuring, wage have been rising alongside increases in labour productivity. However, this link between wages and productivity was not achieved through “organized decentralization” (i.e. enterprise-level productivity bargaining within a sectoral framework agreement). Rather, it was the outcome of a “complex package of competitive strategies pursued by firms”. These included, notably, management capability and capacity and relations between retailers (‘buyers’) and manufacturers. The paper also examines the challenges experience by some manufacturers in respect of compliance with wages and the manner in which the gains are distributed in the value chain. It concludes with some ideas about the need for a new approach to collective bargaining in light of the restructuring of the clothing value chain in South Africa.
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 85
15 December 2016
The present report assesses the social and economic impact of the changes in the regulatory framework of collective bargaining in Greece.
Governance and Tripartism working paper series
01 November 2016
This study examines the challenges facing tripartite social dialogue in Spain and its potential for revitalization following the timid steps taken by successive governments and the social partners. The authors contrast this situation to the resilience of bipartite social dialogue between trade unions and employer organizations, and the positive contribution it made to coordinating collective bargaining through this difficult economic and political period. The report highlights a number of good practices in seeking to re-launch tripartite social dialogue, including a 2014 Declaration of Intent signed by trade unions, employers’ organizations and the government, and a pact on employment activation policies for the long-term unemployed. These achievements are promising, although additional efforts are needed to fully revitalize social dialogue and contribute to a stronger economic and labour market recovery. The paper considers also the role of social dialogue in key policy issues such as labour market and pension reforms, and the formulation and implementation of National Reform Programmes in the context of the European Semester.
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 83
Redistributing value added towards labour in apparel supply chains: Tackling low wages through purchasing practices
07 October 2016
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 59
The (missing) link between wages and productivity in the Philippines: What role for collective bargaining and the new two-tier wage system?
07 October 2016
Issue Brief no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining
27 September 2016
Inequality of opportunity, treatment and outcomes between women and men still persists in global labour markets. Achieving gender equality in the workplace remains one of the biggest challenges for governments, social partners and management at enterprise level. Gender-based discrimination often occurs at the recruitment stage on grounds of pregnancy, or potential child bearing and rearing and the gender pay gap remains high across the world. In addition, women are more likely to be affected by violence at work, whether physical, psychological or sexual. This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective tool to overcome these challenges.
Outcome 14: Promoting the Right to Freedom of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining (Final Evaluation Summary)
03 June 2016
Project: GLO/14/66/SID - Evaluation Consultant: Sandy Wark
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 73
31 March 2016
19 December 2015
Non-regular public employees in the local governments are increasing rapidly in Japan. According to statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIAC) (2012b), there were 603,582 non-regular public employees as of April 1, 2012, compared to 455,840 from their 2005 survey or an increase of 147,742 (32%) over seven years. Out of that more recent figure, 448,742 (74.2%) were women.