Collective bargaining

Canada ratifies the Collective Bargaining Convention

Canada has now ratified all eight ILO Fundamental Conventions

News | 14 June 2017
On 14 June 2017, Canada deposited the instrument of ratification of the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98). Canada, which has now ratified all eight ILO Fundamental Conventions, becomes the 165th member State of the ILO to ratify Convention 98 and the 32nd out of 34 States in the Americas to do so.

On depositing the instrument of ratification, the Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour declared that "The Government of Canada is pleased to ratify ILO Convention 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining. This ratification demonstrates our commitment to ensuring decent labour and employment conditions for workers, and respect for human rights and fundamental labour standards. Canada looks forward to working with the ILO and our international partners towards ensuring that the rights of workers are respected, both at home, and abroad."

On receiving the instrument of ratification, the Director-General of the ILO, Mr Guy Ryder, welcomed this ratification as a testimony to Canada’s long-standing commitment to promoting and effectively implementing fundamental rights at work, both domestically and through its international relations. He particularly highlighted the importance of collective bargaining in facilitating adaptation to economic, socio-political and technological change and the growing relevance of its role in the fast-paced changing environment of the world of work. This ratification further underlines the particular importance of Convention No. 98 amongst ILO member States, affirming the function of collective bargaining in combating income inequality and promoting the other fundamental principles and rights at work, ensuring social justice in conditions of dignity.

Convention 98 requires Member States to ensure that workers enjoy adequate protection against acts of anti-union discrimination and to ensure protection of workers’ organizations and of employers’ organizations against any acts of interference by the other. These represent the necessary conditions to ensure the full and meaningful collective bargaining which the Convention calls on Governments to promote.

The Convention will come into force on 14 June 2018, one year after the deposit of the instrument of ratification.