24 February 2015
The second edition of ILO Research News highlights recent ILO publications, including the first edition of the ILO’s new flagship publication, World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 report. The report, which was launched in January, provides a comprehensive analysis of the state of global and regional labour markets.
Are active labour market policies effective in activating and integrating low-skilled individuals? : An international comparison
23 February 2015
This paper examines the effectiveness of active labour market policies (ALMPs) in improving labour market outcomes, especially of low-skilled individuals. The empirical analysis consists of an aggregate impact approach based on a pooled cross country and time series database for 31 advanced countries during the period 1985–2010. A novelty of the paper is that it includes aspects of the delivery system to see how the performance of ALMPs is affected by different implementation characteristics. Among the notable results, the paper finds that ALMPs matter at the aggregate level, both, in terms of reducing unemployment, but also in terms of increasing employment and participation. Interestingly, start-up incentives are more effective in reducing unemployment than other ALMPs. The positive effects seem to be particularly beneficial for the low-skilled. In terms of implementation, the paper finds that the most favourable aspect is the allocation of resources to programme administration. Finally, a disruption of policy continuity is associated with negative effects for all labour market variables analysed.
05 December 2014
This supplement to the ILO’s Global Wage Report 2014/15 summarizes the main wage developments in Asia and the Pacific. It discusses how the region compares to the global picture and goes into the role that wage employment plays for women and men across Asia and the Pacific. Trends are presented in greater detail for each of the three subregions, East Asia, South-East Asia and the Pacific, and South Asia and some policy conclusions are drawn.
12 November 2014
Latin America and the Caribbean has, generally speaking, shown greater resilience in the face of the current economic crisis than other regions, both in terms of economic growth and employment. The countries of Latin America have performed well economically and their labour markets have not been particularly affected, in spite of the uncertainty that the global economy is currently experiencing. This notwithstanding, the region faces the challenge of capitalizing on its numerous achievements, whilst not losing sight of its weaknesses. In this context, this document presents the most recent trends with regard to economic growth and employment in the region, and highlights the different macroeconomic and labour-market challenges that the region confronts. Lastly, this document argues for the importance of designing and coordinating a set of policies to be implemented at both national and international level.
07 November 2014
The world of work is experiencing significant challenges. Many advanced economies are facing significant unemployment and labour market inactivity, notably as a result of the global crisis which erupted in 2008. In emerging and developing countries, progress in reducing working poverty and informal employment has slowed down. Everywhere, new technology, changes in global production patterns and population ageing lead to new job opportunities, while also exerting a profound impact on the linkages between large enterprises and their suppliers, and on the nature of work itself. Income inequalities tend to widen. To shed light on these trends, the ILO has strengthened its research functions. The aim is to help discern the factors at work and to provide evidence-based analysis on how policies can best respond to emerging employment and social challenges. ILO Research News will present regular updates of the outcomes of this work.
31 March 2014
This study provides a quantitative assessment of the bias, accuracy, and efficiency of the Global Employment Trends (GET) global and regional unemployment rate forecasts made in three recent annual GET reports. After conducting a series of statistical tests, the results suggest that, on average across all countries with data availability, the GET unemployment rate forecasts are slightly biased; we over-predict one and two years ahead and under-predict three and four years ahead. However, this bias is not significant for one to three years ahead. Moreover, our tests for accuracy show that the shorter the prediction period, the more accurate our forecasts indicated by smaller forecast errors for shorter prediction periods and larger forecast errors for longer periods.
02 December 2013
The report analyses how the growing disconnect between growth and job creation in Kenya is having detrimental consequences on living standards and working conditions, especially for youth. It discusses how a comprehensive approach that integrates employment goals with strategic growth plans can contribute to a more stable and equitable growth pattern.
26 November 2013
The report looks at the socio-economic situation in the country and its impact on the labour market. It also presents a series of policy recommendations to move towards a more job-centred approach.
18 November 2013
The report analyses the country’s economic growth driven by its ready-made garment (RMG) sector and contains recommendations to make this growth more sustainable and improve working conditions in Bangladesh.
06 November 2013
The report provides a comprehensive review of all existing trade agreements that include social provisions and discusses impacts for enterprises and workers.It also helps assess the challenges for arising from the multiplication of trade agreements that include different social provisions.