ILO Research Paper series

ILO Research Papers promote evidence-based analysis of policies that help improve employment and social outcomes. This new series will include three more papers in the next months. Submissions, of 8,000 to 12,000 words, should be submitted to the ILO Research Task Force for internal and external peer review.
  1. ILO Research paper No. 14

    Global Supply Chain Dynamics and Labour Governance: Implications for Social Upgrading

    Joonkoo Lee

    This paper examines how the emergence and change of the fragmented cross-national production system affects social upgrading in developing countries, focusing on the impact of private governance on labour conditions and workers’ rights. It also discusses the role of private voluntary standards in governing labour relations in GSCs, and their limitations and tensions with buyers’ purchasing practices.

  2. ILO Research paper No. 13

    Corporate Social Responsibility in International Trade and Investment Agreements: Implications for States, Business and Workers

    Rafael Peels, Elizabeth Echeverria M., Jonas Aissi, Anselm Schneider

    This paper assesses the reference to CSR commitments in trade and investment agreements and finds that CSR language is relatively weak in terms of obligation, precision and delegation. Emphasising the potential to use the mechanisms that are provided in these agreements to activate and follow-up CSR commitments, it looks at what the implications could be for states, business and workers, and the potential ILO involvement.

  3. ILO Research paper No. 12

    Labour market reforms in the Euro area: A DSGE Approach

    Giorgio Presidente

    This paper develops a framework to study the impacts of labour market institutions in the context of a DSGE model. The paper reveals that between 1970 and 2003, changes in labour market institutions had only a limited impact on the volatility of output, inflation and unemployment.

  4. ILO Research paper No. 11

    Beggar or prosper-thy-neighbour? The international spillovers of labour cost

    Matthieu Charpe, Stefan Kühn

    This paper presents a two-country DSGE model with frictions in the labour market and constrained households to assess the international spillovers of a decline in labour costs.

  5. ILO Research paper No. 10

    Why is female labour force participation declining so sharply in India?

    Kapsos, Steven; Silberman, Andrea; Bourmpoula, Evangelia

    This paper attempts to shed light on the causes behind the recent sharp decline in female labour force participation in India and to identify factors underpinning the long-term stagnation in female participation.

  6. ILO Research paper No. 9

    Labour formalization and declining inequality in Argentina and Brazil in 2000s: A dynamic approach

    Maurizio, Roxana

    This paper analyses the processes of labour formalization in Brazil and Argentina and its interrelation with the evolution of income inequality over the 2000s. It also contributes to the debates on formalising the informal and how to reduce income inequality.

  7. ILO Research paper No. 8

    Understanding the drivers of the youth labour market in Kenya

    Escudero, Verónica; López Mourelo, Elva

    This paper examines the macroeconomic and individual elements affecting youth unemployment and inactivity in Kenya with a view to discussing the elements that are important for the youth labour market challenges.

  8. ILO Research paper No. 7

    Macroeconomic policy advice and the Article IV consultations: Comparative Overview of European Union Member States

    Weisbrot, Mark; Jorgensen, Helene

    This paper examines 67 IMF Article IV consultations in 27 EU member states between 2008 and 2011, and shows that there is an overwhelming emphasis on fiscal consolidation, reduction of social expenditures, and measures that weaken the bargaining power and income of labour, and make it difficult to promote growth and employment.

  9. ILO Research paper No. 6

    Employment and Economic Class in the Developing World

    Kapsos, Steven; Bourmpoula, Evangelia

    This paper introduces a model for generating national estimates and projections of the distribution of the employed across five economic classes for 142 developing countries over the period 1991 to 2017.

  10. ILO Research paper No. 5

    Trade and Employment in a Vertically Specialized World

    Jiang, Xiao

    This paper decomposes the employment effects of a country’s trade into five components, specifically the labour content (1) in exports, (2) in imports, (3) in the import content of exports, (4) in the export content of imports, and (5) in intermediates contained in imports from a third country using the factor-content and input-output methods.