ILO Research Paper series

ILO Research Papers promote evidence-based analysis of policies that help improve employment and social outcomes. This new series will include three more papers in the next months. Submissions, of 8,000 to 12,000 words, should be submitted to the ILO Research Task Force for internal and external peer review.
  1. ILO Research paper No. 17

    Digitalization and structural labour market problems: The case of Germany

    Ulrich Walwei

    This paper looks at one of the main drivers of technological change, digitalization and how it will impact jobs. Taking the case of Germany the paper argues that smart automation might not lead to overall job losses but considerable shifts in the structure of employment with regard to industries, occupations, skills and tasks.

  2. ILO Research paper No. 16

    Linking jobs in global supply chains to demand

    Takaaki Kizu, Stefan Kühn, Christian Viegelahn

    This paper presents evidence on the number of jobs in global supply chains for 40 countries, and explores in detail whose demand these jobs depend on in terms of countries and sectors. The paper documents the rapidly increasing number of jobs supported by production linkages between emerging economies, and provides evidence on the so-called servicification of manufacturing. Wage shares drop when a sector increases its participation in global supply chains as a supplier.

  3. ILO Research paper No. 15

    Decomposing income inequality into factor income components: Evidence from selected G20 countries

    Uma Rani and Marianne Furrer

    This paper examines the factors that have contributed to the level of inequality and its changes over time in 13 selected G20 countries in order to address this at the policy level. The results show that labour income is the most powerful factor contributing to inequality in all countries under analysis. Transfers and benefits are most important factors contributing to reducing inequality.

  4. ILO Research paper No. 14

    Global Supply Chain Dynamics and Labour Governance: Implications for Social Upgrading

    Joonkoo Lee

    This paper examines how the emergence and change of the fragmented cross-national production system affects social upgrading in developing countries, focusing on the impact of private governance on labour conditions and workers’ rights. It also discusses the role of private voluntary standards in governing labour relations in GSCs, and their limitations and tensions with buyers’ purchasing practices.

  5. ILO Research paper No. 13

    Corporate Social Responsibility in International Trade and Investment Agreements: Implications for States, Business and Workers

    Rafael Peels, Elizabeth Echeverria M., Jonas Aissi, Anselm Schneider

    This paper assesses the reference to CSR commitments in trade and investment agreements and finds that CSR language is relatively weak in terms of obligation, precision and delegation. Emphasising the potential to use the mechanisms that are provided in these agreements to activate and follow-up CSR commitments, it looks at what the implications could be for states, business and workers, and the potential ILO involvement.

  6. ILO Research paper No. 12

    Labour market reforms in the Euro area: A DSGE Approach

    Giorgio Presidente

    This paper develops a framework to study the impacts of labour market institutions in the context of a DSGE model. The paper reveals that between 1970 and 2003, changes in labour market institutions had only a limited impact on the volatility of output, inflation and unemployment.

  7. ILO Research paper No. 11

    Beggar or prosper-thy-neighbour? The international spillovers of labour cost

    Matthieu Charpe, Stefan Kühn

    This paper presents a two-country DSGE model with frictions in the labour market and constrained households to assess the international spillovers of a decline in labour costs.

  8. ILO Research paper No. 10

    Why is female labour force participation declining so sharply in India?

    Kapsos, Steven; Silberman, Andrea; Bourmpoula, Evangelia

    This paper attempts to shed light on the causes behind the recent sharp decline in female labour force participation in India and to identify factors underpinning the long-term stagnation in female participation.

  9. ILO Research paper No. 9

    Labour formalization and declining inequality in Argentina and Brazil in 2000s: A dynamic approach

    Maurizio, Roxana

    This paper analyses the processes of labour formalization in Brazil and Argentina and its interrelation with the evolution of income inequality over the 2000s. It also contributes to the debates on formalising the informal and how to reduce income inequality.

  10. ILO Research paper No. 8

    Understanding the drivers of the youth labour market in Kenya

    Escudero, Verónica; López Mourelo, Elva

    This paper examines the macroeconomic and individual elements affecting youth unemployment and inactivity in Kenya with a view to discussing the elements that are important for the youth labour market challenges.