ILO Research Paper series
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ILO Research Paper series

ILO Research Papers promote evidence-based analysis of policies that help improve employment and social outcomes. This new series will include three more papers in the next months. Submissions, of 8,000 to 12,000 words, should be submitted to the ILO Research Task Force for internal and external peer review.
  1. ILO Research paper No. 10

    Why is female labour force participation declining so sharply in India?

    Kapsos, Steven; Silberman, Andrea; Bourmpoula, Evangelia

    This paper attempts to shed light on the causes behind the recent sharp decline in female labour force participation in India and to identify factors underpinning the long-term stagnation in female participation.

  2. ILO Research paper No. 9

    Labour formalization and declining inequality in Argentina and Brazil in 2000s: A dynamic approach

    Maurizio, Roxana

    This paper analyses the processes of labour formalization in Brazil and Argentina and its interrelation with the evolution of income inequality over the 2000s. It also contributes to the debates on formalising the informal and how to reduce income inequality.

  3. ILO Research paper No. 8

    Understanding the drivers of the youth labour market in Kenya

    Escudero, Verónica; López Mourelo, Elva

    This paper examines the macroeconomic and individual elements affecting youth unemployment and inactivity in Kenya with a view to discussing the elements that are important for the youth labour market challenges.

  4. ILO Research paper No. 7

    Macroeconomic policy advice and the Article IV consultations: Comparative Overview of European Union Member States

    Weisbrot, Mark; Jorgensen, Helene

    This paper examines 67 IMF Article IV consultations in 27 EU member states between 2008 and 2011, and shows that there is an overwhelming emphasis on fiscal consolidation, reduction of social expenditures, and measures that weaken the bargaining power and income of labour, and make it difficult to promote growth and employment.

  5. ILO Research paper No. 6

    Employment and Economic Class in the Developing World

    Kapsos, Steven; Bourmpoula, Evangelia

    This paper introduces a model for generating national estimates and projections of the distribution of the employed across five economic classes for 142 developing countries over the period 1991 to 2017.

  6. ILO Research paper No. 5

    Trade and Employment in a Vertically Specialized World

    Jiang, Xiao

    This paper decomposes the employment effects of a country’s trade into five components, specifically the labour content (1) in exports, (2) in imports, (3) in the import content of exports, (4) in the export content of imports, and (5) in intermediates contained in imports from a third country using the factor-content and input-output methods.

  7. ILO Research paper No. 4

    The comments of the ILO's Supervisory bodies: Usefulness in the context of the sanction-based dimension of labour provisions in US free trade agreements

    Gravel, Eric; Delpech, Quentin;

    This paper looks at recent complaints under the labour chapters of three US trade agreements – the CAFTA-DR, the US-Bahrain and the US-Peru FTAs – and undertakes a preliminary analysis of the use of the comments of the ILO’s supervisory bodies in the regulation mechanisms of labour provisions contained in those trade agreements

  8. ILO Research paper No. 3

    Structure Matters: Sectoral drivers of growth and the labour productivity-employment relationship

    Kucera, David; Roncolato, Leanne

    The paper uses accounting methods to decompose aggregate labour productivity and employment growth into their sectoral components as well as into within-sector and employment reallocation effects for a sample of 81 countries.

  9. ILO Research paper No. 2

    Macroeconomic policy advice and the Article IV consultations: A Development perspective

    Islam, Iyanatul; Ahmed, Ishraq; Roy, Rathin; Ramos, Raquel

    The paper undertakes a content analysis of 2009-2010 IMF Article IV consultations for a sample of 30 low-income and 20 middle-income countries and points out that insufficient attention have been given to employment generation, poverty reduction and expansion of social protection

  10. ILO Research Paper No. 1

    Income Inequality, Redistribution and Poverty: Contrasting rational choice and behavioural perspectives

    Luebker, Malte

    This paper revisits the relationship between inequality and redistribution. The findings challenge the narrow concept of rational choice and points towards fairness orientations, which is emphasized in behavioural economics for a better understanding of redistributive outcomes.

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