Working papers


  1. National experiences in building social protection floors. India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

    30 November 2015

    This study reviews the legislation and implementation of the Indian Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the light of the provisions of Recommendation No. 202.

  2. The decade of adjustment. A review of austerity trends 2010-2020 in 187 countries

    30 November 2015

    This paper: (i) examines the latest IMF government spending projections for 187 countries between 2005 and 2020; (ii) reviews 616 IMF country reports in 183 countries to identify the main adjustment measures considered by governments in both high-income and developing countries; (iii) applies the United Nations Global Policy Model to simulate the impact of expenditure consolidation on growth and employment; (iv) discusses the threats of austerity to welfare and social progress; and (v) calls for urgent action by governments to adopt alternative and equitable policies for socio-economic recovery.

  3. Domestic work, wages, and gender equality: Lessons from developing countries

    30 November 2015

    GED Working Paper No. 5/2015 The paper seeks to contribute to a better understanding of developments regarding labour market participation and remuneration in the domestic work sector in comparison with other sectors. It looks at the basic characteristics of female domestic workers, gaps in minimum wage coverage, compliance, and the extent of minimum wage violations. Presenting empirical evidence on labour market inequality along gender lines, the paper discusses the role of minimum wages for reducing gender disparity, questions of regulatory design and enforcement issues.

  4. Macroeconomic policy for employment creation in Egypt: Past experience and future prospects

    30 November 2015

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 196

  5. Collective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European Union

    25 November 2015

    The ILO’s Sectoral Policies Department (SECTOR) presents a compilation of practices in collective agreements in the public service in the European Union. This selection shows how the principles of Convention No. 151 have been implemented through legislation and/or collective bargaining.

  6. Domestic work, wages, and gender equality: Lessons from developing countries

    25 November 2015

  7. Cash transfer programmes, poverty reduction and empowerment of women in South Africa

    23 November 2015

    GED Working Paper No. 4/2015 Social protection plays a key role for gender equality and women’s empowerment and social protection floors, in particular, can play a key role in closing coverage gaps for women. Aiming at preventing or alleviating poverty, vulnerability and social exclusion, social protection floors play a key role in economic and social development.

  8. Employment, wages and working conditions in Asia's garment sector: Finding new drivers of competitiveness

    18 November 2015

    This paper presents regional trends and national estimates of exports, employment, wages, productivity and working time in the garment, textile and footwear industries in developing Asia and the Pacific.

  9. Public works programmes: A strategy for poverty alleviation - The gender dimension revisited in Employment-Intensive Investment Programmes in 30 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean

    17 November 2015

    Employment Working Paper No. 194

  10. The employment dimension of infrastructure investments: A guide for employment impact assessment

    17 November 2015

    Employment Working Paper No. 178