Working papers


  1. Towards acceptable wages for public employment programmes: A guide for conducting studies for wage setting and estimating labour supply response

    10 October 2013

    Employment Working Paper No. 150

  2. The Community Work Programme: Building a Society that Works

    10 October 2013

    Employment Working Paper No. 149

  3. The visible face of women's invisible labour, Domestic workers in Turkey

    03 October 2013

  4. Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Europe: A synthesis of Belgium, France, Italy and Spain

    20 September 2013

    This report is based on the findings of research conducted in Belgium, France, Italy and Spain, as part of project on “integration of migrant domestic workers in Europe”, implemented by the ILO and its partners with the financial support of the European Union.

  5. Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in France (in French)

    19 September 2013

    The French country report of the European research project “Promoting the integration of migrant domestic workers” analyses the trajectories of migrants working in the domestic services sector in France. Although the sector has been significantly transformed, against a background of major socio-demographic changes, this research relates in particular to three groups of paid activities carried out in people’s homes: care for incapacitated adults (dependent elderly and people with disabilities), childcare, and household services used by private individuals (single persons or families) (In French)

  6. Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Belgium

    18 September 2013

    Domestic workers provide an invaluable contribution to societies, yet still too often their work is not valued as such, and they remain a largely hidden and often vulnerable workforce. The Convention of the International Labour Organization (ILO) on Decent Work for Domestic Workers, 2011 (No. 189), can be perceived as recognition of the value of domestic work and as a call for action addressing the exclusion of domestic workers from protective regulatory frameworks.

  7. Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Italy

    17 September 2013

    Since the 1970s, the labour market of domestic services has experienced a considerable growth in Italy, becoming over the past decade the main sector of employment for migrant women: in 2011, more than one foreign woman in two (51.3 per cent) was employed as a domestic worker or family assistant (CNEL, 2012). This phenomenon has been driven by the concomitance of a number of processes: an advanced process of population ageing (with one of the highest rates in the world of persons over 65), the increase of female participation in the labour market, the persistence of rigid patterns of gendered labour division in households, a public welfare budget heavily skewed in favour of monetary transfers (especially old-age and survivor pensions) to the detriment of welfare services in support of families.

  8. Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Spain

    16 September 2013

    This case study of the Spanish situation is part of a wider international project, ‘Promoting Integration of Migrant Domestic Workers in Europe’, led and promoted by the ILO, funded by the European Commission and with research carried out by four international research institutions.1 The aims of the project are to: expand the knowledge on the characteristics, dimensions, and patterns of migration in Europe and its possible implications for the integration of migrant domestic workers; raise awareness of social actors in relation to the challenges of socio-economic integration of migrant domestic workers; and contribute to the planning and implementation of efficient policies and programmes to proactively promote social and labour integration of these workers

  9. Labour inspection and undeclared work in the EU

    21 August 2013

    The purpose of this study is to consider the role that national labour inspection systems in the EU have as part of a strategic policy response to undeclared work. It was coordinated by the ILO’s Labour Administration and Inspection Programme (LAB/ADMIN) in cooperation with the European Commission’s Labour Law Unit.

  10. Has atypical work become typical in Germany?: Country case study on labour market segmentation

    08 August 2013

    Employment Working Paper No. 145