Working papers


  1. Non-standard forms of employment in some Asian countries: A study of wages and working conditions of temporary workers

    02 January 2016

  2. Structural change and non-standard forms of employment in India

    01 January 2016


  1. The glass industry: recent trends and changes in working conditions and employment relations

    23 December 2015

    At its 317th Session in March 2013, the ILO Governing Body instructed the Office to conduct a research study on technological progress in the glass industry and its impact on employment structure in the industry.

  2. The role of construction as an employment provider: A world-wide input-output analysis

    21 December 2015

    Employment Working Paper No. 186

  3. The Situation of Non-regular Public Employees in Local Government in Japan: focus on Gender

    19 December 2015

    Non-regular public employees in the local governments are increasing rapidly in Japan. According to statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIAC) (2012b), there were 603,582 non-regular public employees as of April 1, 2012, compared to 455,840 from their 2005 survey or an increase of 147,742 (32%) over seven years. Out of that more recent figure, 448,742 (74.2%) were women.

  4. Non-standard working in public services in Germany and the United Kingdom

    19 December 2015

    This paper is focused on those employed in the central civil service and those employed in local and regional government in Germany and the UK.

  5. Non-standard Employment in Government: An Overview from Canada and Brazil

    19 December 2015

    This report reviews the status and the implications of non-standard employment in the government in two countries: Canada and Brazil. Recent research and policy discussions have been focused on the growth of non-standard employment in the private sector in many countries.

  6. Structural change, employment and education in Ghana

    30 November 2015

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 193

  7. Women business training programme in Kenya: Impact of incentives

    30 November 2015

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 191

  8. Access to Finance and Enterprise growth: Evidence from an experiment in Uganda

    30 November 2015

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 190