Working papers


  1. A just transition to climate-resilient economies and societies: Issues and perspectives for the world of work

    29 November 2016

    This technical paper addresses the negative impacts of climate change on employment and livelihoods and explores how climate-related policy, investment and consumption responses to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change can affect labour markets in their entirety with overall job gains. It stresses the need of accompanying social and economic policies to achieve a just transition for all that leaves no one behind and promotes decent work.

  2. The role of labour market and sectoral policies in promoting more and better jobs in China: Issues, evidence and policy optionsevidence and policy options

    25 November 2016

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 208

  3. The role of monetary and fiscal policies in promoting more and better jobs in China: Issues, evidence and policy options

    25 November 2016

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 207

  4. Employment and labour market policies for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economy and societies for all

    09 November 2016

  5. Labour Mobility and Regional Climate Adaptation

    07 November 2016

    A brief note from the ILO Labour Migration Branch on labour mobility in the context of climate change. It considers how regular labour migration, when in line with labour standards, can contribute to climate adaptation and development in countries of origin and destination.

  6. Post-crisis social dialogue in Spain: The calm after the storm

    01 November 2016

    This study examines the challenges facing tripartite social dialogue in Spain and its potential for revitalization following the timid steps taken by successive governments and the social partners. The authors contrast this situation to the resilience of bipartite social dialogue between trade unions and employer organizations, and the positive contribution it made to coordinating collective bargaining through this difficult economic and political period. The report highlights a number of good practices in seeking to re-launch tripartite social dialogue, including a 2014 Declaration of Intent signed by trade unions, employers’ organizations and the government, and a pact on employment activation policies for the long-term unemployed. These achievements are promising, although additional efforts are needed to fully revitalize social dialogue and contribute to a stronger economic and labour market recovery. The paper considers also the role of social dialogue in key policy issues such as labour market and pension reforms, and the formulation and implementation of National Reform Programmes in the context of the European Semester.

  7. Structural transformation to boost youth labour demand in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of agriculture, rural areas and territorial development

    01 November 2016

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 204

  8. Redistributing value added towards labour in apparel supply chains: Tackling low wages through purchasing practices

    07 October 2016

  9. The (missing) link between wages and productivity in the Philippines: What role for collective bargaining and the new two-tier wage system?

    07 October 2016

  10. Protecting people and the environment: Lessons learnt from Brazil’s Bolsa Verde, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, South Africa and 56 other experiences

    31 August 2016

    This working paper provides an overview of international experiences that combine social and environmental objectives within one programme and extract some lessons learned from existing PES schemes that may be useful when designing, implementing and monitoring social protection programmes such as the Bolsa Verde programme.