The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87), the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98), and the Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 (No. 151) guarantee government workers the rights to organize and bargain collectively. Convention No. 151 also establishes that disputes related to the determination of the terms and conditions of employment should be resolved through negotiations or through impartial and independent machinery. National laws or regulations may determine how the guarantees provided for in Convention 98 apply to the armed forces and the police, and may also exclude high-level government employees whose functions are normally considered as policy-making or managerial, or employees whose duties are of a highly confidential nature, from the protection of Convention 151.
By April 2015, 53 ILO member states have ratified Convention No. 151. In 2013-15, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Morocco and Tunisia ratified the Convention, marking the highest rate since 1982. Other countries have taken action to implement the Convention, for example Brazil and Colombia.
Geneva, 2 - 3 April 2014
- C87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948
- C94 Labour Clauses (Public Contracts) Convention, 1949
- C98 Right to organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949
- C151 Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978
- C154 Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981
- R91 Collective Agreements Recommendation, 1951
- R92 Voluntary Conciliation and Arbitration Recommendation, 1951
- R159 Labour Relations (Public Service) Recommendation, 1978
- R163 Collective Bargaining Recommendation, 1981