Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel (CEART)

The ILO/UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, 1966 was adopted on 5 October 1966 at a conference held in Paris at the UNESCO headquarters and organised in close cooperation with the ILO. The 1966 conference also expressed the hope that close co-operation between the ILO and UNESCO would take place to implement the Recommendation. The Joint ILO-UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers (CEART) is the result of that co-operation. The Joint Committee changed its name after the 2000 Session to the Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel (CEART).

To complement the 1966 Recommendation, the General Conference of UNESCO in 1997 the UNESCO adopted the Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel. This Recommendation suggests good practices covering all teaching personnel in higher education.

Every three years, the Joint Committee meets to monitor and promote the use of the 1966 and 1997 Recommendation in member States of the ILO and UNESCO. It examines reports on the application of the Recommendation that are submitted by governments, by national organizations representing teachers and their employers, by the ILO and UNESCO, and by relevant intergovernmental or non-governmental organizations. The Joint Committee then communicates its findings to the ILO Governing Body, the International Labour Conference and the UNESCO Executive Board, so that they may take appropriate action and authorize transmission to member States of both organizations.

Another aspect of CEART's work is examination of allegations from national and international teachers' organisations on the non-observance of the Recommendations’ provisions in ILO and UNESCO member States. After consideration of the content of the allegation, CEART issues its findings and recommendations for the resolution of the problems or conflicts.

Contact information:

Communications concerning CEART work or the 1966 and 1997 Recommendations may be addressed to officials of the CEART's joint secretariat.



Mr. Oliver Liang

Education sector specialist

Sectoral Activities Department

International Labour Office

4, route des Morillons

CH-1211 Geneva 22


Ms. Maki Hayashikawa

Chief of Section

Section for Teacher Education

Division for Higher Education


7, place de Fontenoy

75352 Paris 07 SP