Country Study

Employment effects of industrial symbiosis in the Tanzanian sugar sector

This study investigates the impact of transitioning to a circular economy through industrial symbiosis on employment in the Tanzanian sugar industry. Data were gathered via company surveys and semi-structured interviews involving key stakeholders, including academics, government ministries, producers, and industry regulators. On-site visits to three sugar factories were conducted for survey administration.

The study's findings demonstrate that the integration of industrial symbiosis positively influences employment, resulting in the direct hiring of 248 individuals – approximately 3.1% of the total workforce across the surveyed firms. Notably, no instances of job losses linked to industrial symbiosis were reported by any company. The newly generated jobs encompass a spectrum of roles, ranging from highly skilled positions like engineers, scientists, and technicians, to less skilled roles such as assistants and cleaners. Approximately 54.4% of these newly created positions fall within the latter category and possess relatively lower job quality.
Despite the potential of the Tanzanian sugar sector to serve as an exemplar for industrial symbiosis, the study underscores the necessity for additional policy interventions. The study's conclusion outlines crucial concerns that must be addressed to foster the growth of industrial symbiosis and unlock avenues for expanded employment opportunities.