The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the only tripartite UN agency with government, employer and worker representatives. This tripartite structure makes the ILO a unique forum in which the governments and the social partners of the economy of its 186 member states can freely and openly debate and elaborate labour standards and policies.
The International Labour Office is the permanent secretariat of the International Labour Organization - its operational headquarters. Administration and management are decentralized in regional, area and branch offices in more than 40 countries under the leadership of a Director-General.
A Director-General is elected every five years by the Governing Body. Subject to the instructions of the Governing Body, the Director-General is responsible for the efficient conduct of the International Labour Office and other duties as may be assigned.
The Administrative Tribunal examines employment-related complaints by officials of the International Labour Office and of the other international organizations that have recognized its jurisdiction. It is currently open to approximately 46,000 international civil servants who are serving or former officials of some 60 organizations.
The ILO is universally regarded as an authoritative source of knowledge on the world of work. The Organization has established institutes and centres that provide specialized research, training and support for the ILO’s offices and constituents.