Working poverty has continued to decrease, but at a slower pace than before the crisis. There are still some 870 million workers living with their families on less than US$2 per person per day, of which nearly 400 million are living in extreme poverty. A further 660 million workers are living just above the poverty line and are at high risk of falling back.
Commonly, people living in poverty are particularly subject to discrimination and the exclusion that characterizes it because of their poverty. The injustice is magnified when multiple bases of discrimination, including gender, come into play.
People living in poverty show tremendous ingenuity in coping with their immediate situation; they know the changes and institutions that will best serve their own efforts to advance. Yet, more often than not, they are ignored when policies are devised. Effective policies for poverty reduction call for an engagement with those whom they are intended to benefit.
Sustainable development means tackling poverty and inequality agendas and recognizing their interconnections. Jobs are the fundamental link between people, their communities, their society and the economy, and the quality of work is instrumental in the trajectory of that relationship. In this framework, the expansion of opportunities to work in conditions of freedom, security, equity and dignity is a critical goal and all the more urgent for people living in extreme poverty. Poverty reduction targets must be set within a development process that recognizes and gives effect to the central role of work in people’s lives and the role of decent work as the sustainable route out of poverty. How can this be done?
- Making opportunities for productive employment a direct policy goal, systematically operationalized, including through inclusive access to finance and employment-friendly macroeconomic policies and ensuring that such policies respond effectively to the situation of women and men living in extreme poverty;
- Rooting policies for employment creation in a foundation of respect for fundamental principles and rights at work;
- Recognizing the role of social dialogue and organization in contributing to building solidarity-based societies, in empowering people living in poverty and opening channels for their voices to be heard; and
- Establishing social protection floors that assure basic social protection for all in extreme poverty situations, helping to reduce their vulnerabilities and build capabilities.