GENEVA (ILO News) - The annual Conference of the International Labour Organization (ILO) today adopted a new plan designed to provide a fair deal for some 86 million migrant workers in the global economy.
A plan of action adopted by the ILO 92nd International Labour Conference is designed to ensure that migrant workers are covered by the provisions of international labour standards, while benefiting from applicable national labour and social laws.
"Migration is one of the most contentious issues facing the world today", ILO Director-General Juan Somavia told the government, worker and employer delegates from 119 member States who comprise the Conference Committee on Migrant Workers. "This plan of action protects the rights of one of the most vulnerable sectors … it's a major achievement that serves as a milestone for the future."
After two weeks of debate, the Committee reached consensus on the plan of action that calls for the development of a non-binding multilateral framework for a rights-based approach to labour migration and the establishment of an ILO dialogue on migration in partnership with international and multilateral organizations.
The framework will comprise international guidelines on such aspects as:
- Promoting "managed migration" for employment purposes, including agreements between host countries and countries of origin addressing different aspects of migration - such as expanding avenues for regular migration, increasing portability of social security entitlements, promoting investments from remittances and promoting integration and social inclusion.
- Promoting decent work for migrant workers.
- Licensing and supervision of recruitment and contracting agencies for migrant workers in accordance with ILO conventions and recommendations, with the provision of clear and enforceable contracts by those agencies.
- Preventing abusive practices, migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons, protecting their human rights and preventing and combating irregular labour migration.
- Addressing the specific risks for all migrant workers - men and women - in certain occupations and sectors with particular emphasis on dirty, demeaning and dangerous jobs, and on women in domestic service and the informal economy.
- Improving labour inspection and creation of channels for migrant workers to lodge complaints and seek remedy without intimidation.
- Promoting measures to ensure that all migrant workers benefit from the provisions of all relevant international labour standards.
- Introducing measures to ensure that all migrant workers are covered by national labour legislation and applicable social laws.
- Implementing policies to encourage return migration, reintegration into the country of origin and transfer of capital and technology by migrants.
The Committee reached consensus on the "delicate and sensitive political issues" without any vote being taken, a tribute to the ILO's unique tripartite structure, Mr. Somavia noted. Committee President Yéro De, Minister of Labour and Employment in Senegal, said the plan of action "will allow us to move forward and to navigate the very difficult waters of international migration".