India: Fighting Child Labour with School Lunches

In the past 10 years, more than 30 million children have been taken out of child labour. But according to the ILO's Global Report, today an estimated 215 million children are still working, on the streets, in farm fields, in some of the worst and most hazardous forms of work. Integrated national policies to protect children, get them out of work and into school have made an impact, moving the international community closer to its goal of eliminating the worst forms of child labour by 2016. One way forward can be found in India, and the world's largest school lunch program.

Date issued: 11 June 2010 | Size/duration: 00:01:46 (6.08 MB)


Rural poverty combined with a massive population means there are still millions of child labourers in India. And many of them are going hungry. But these stark realities are behind one of the largest efforts to get children out of child labour, and into school.

The Mid-Day Meal Scheme is the world’s biggest school lunch program. Since it was adopted on a national level in India, the program has had an impact across the country. Now millions of families who sometimes can’t afford enough food can feed their children by sending them to school, and keeping them out of child labour.

Former Child Labourer:

“I would tell kids who are working that we used to work, too, and waste our time. Now we come to school every day. Coming to school made us more intelligent.”

India is also making an effort to bring national policies on health care, rural employment, and compulsory education together, putting the family at the centre of the fight against child labour.

Mrs. Sudhamani, Math Teacher:

“A lot of parents don't send their children to school because they don't know the importance of education and its benefits. That’s because the parents themselves never went to school.”

The national effort is helping change those perceptions, backed by a vibrant civil society movement. Self help groups meet and monitor families at risk; deliver skills and economic empowerment programmes for adults, and promote awareness raising activities concerning child labour.

Its Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is an ambitious public works programme intended to provide a basic safety net to the rural poor.

Sound policies can make a big difference. Where there has been political will, there has been progress. When government, employers, trade unions and civil society networks come together to promote the right policies, it can make real change happen.