Mission and vision
The main aim of social dialogue and tripartism is to promote consensus building and democratic involvement of the main stakeholders in the world of work.
Successful social dialogue structures and processes have the potential to resolve important economic and social issues, deal with economic crises in an effective way, encourage good governance and boost economic and social progress. The extent of social dialogue has a direct impact on the climate of social peace and stability as well as the overall governance of the labour market and the economy as a whole.
There is no “one size fits all” model of social dialogue that can be readily exported from one context to another; there is a rich diversity in institutional arrangements, legal frameworks and traditions and practices of social dialogue throughout the world. Adapting social dialogue to the specific situation is key to ensuring full ownership and sustainability of the process. As much as social dialogue and tripartite practices may differ from country to country, the overriding principles of freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining remain the same.
The ILO aims to assist member States in establishing or strengthening their social dialogue legal and institutional frameworks, machinery or processes and to build the capacity of tripartite actors to ensure effective social dialogue and tripartism at country level. To do so the ILO implements research programmes on industrial relations and social dialogue trends and formulates policy and training tools to underpin its policy advice and capacity building activities targeting tripartite constituents.
It also aims to promote social dialogue within regional or sub regional groupings as means of consensus building, economic and social development, and good governance. It supports the development of knowledge on global industrial relations, in particular the actors and institutions involved in cross-border social dialogue and agreements.
The Global Deal is a global partnership with the objective of jointly addressing the challenges in the global labour market and enabling all people to benefit from globalisation. Learn more.