Today, only 20 per cent of the world’s population has adequate social security coverage, and more than half lack any coverage at all. They face dangers in the workplace and poor or non-existent pension and health insurance coverage. The situation reflects levels of economic development, with fewer than 10 per cent of workers in least-developed countries covered by social security. In middle-income countries, coverage ranges from 20 to 60 per cent, while in most industrial nations, it is close to 100 per cent.
Social Protection is one of the four strategic objectives of the Decent Work agenda that define the core work of the ILO. Since its creation in 1919, ILO has actively promoted policies and provided its Member States with tools and assistance aimed at improving and expanding the coverage of social protection to all groups in society and to improving working conditions and safety at work.
The ILO has set out three main objectives reflecting the three major dimensions of social protection:
- Extending the coverage and effectiveness of social security schemes
- Promoting labour protection , which comprises decent conditions of work, including wages, working time and occupational safety and health, essential components of decent work
- Working through dedicated programmes and activities to protect such vulnerable groups as migrant workers and their families; and workers in the informal economy. Moreover, the world of work's full potential will be used to respond to the AIDS pandemic, focusing on enhancing tripartite constituents' capacity
The Social Protection Floor InitiativeRecognizing the importance of ensuring social protection for all, the United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (UNCEB) adopted, in April 2009, the Social Protection Floor Initiative, as one of the nine UN joint initiatives to cope with the effects of the economic crisis. This initiative is co-led by the International Labour Office and the World Health Organization and involves a group of 17 collaborating agencies, including United Nations agencies and international financial institutions.
The Social Protection Floor approach promotes access to essential social security transfers and social services in the areas of health, water and sanitation, education, food, housing, life and asset-savings information. It emphasizes the need to implement comprehensive, coherent and coordinated social protection and employment policies to guarantee services and social transfers across the life cycle, paying particular attention to the vulnerable groups.
20 November 2014
Prime Minister Jung Hong-won addresses conference on the role of economic and social councils in supporting social protection
17 November 2014
An ILO report launched ahead of the meeting of Economic and Social Councils in Seoul, South Korea, points to divergent trends: while many countries are moving towards more fiscal consolidation and less social spending, several developing countries are boldly expanding social protection schemes.
17 November 2014
From fiscal consolidation to expanding social protection: Key to crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.
12 November 2014
The ILO contribution to the Global South-South Development Expo 2014 will feature scalable solutions related to South-South cooperation on social protection floors, the eradication of child labour, the social and solidarity economy, and fragile States.
12 November 2014
The African Regional Conference on the Beijing+20 Review will review global and regional progress in promoting gender equality and women’s rights.