Social dialogue and the practice of tripartism between governments and the representative organizations of workers and employers within and across borders are now more relevant to achieving solutions and to building up social cohesion and the rule of law through, among other means, international labour standards."ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization
Enabling the conditions of Social DialogueThe ILO encourages tripartism within Member States by promoting social dialogue to help design and implement national policies. Achieving fair terms of employment, decent working conditions, and development for the benefit of all cannot be achieved without the active involvement of workers, employers and governments, including a broad-based effort by all of them. To encourage such an approach, one of the strategic objectives of the ILO is to strengthen social dialogue among the tripartite constituents. It helps governments, employers' and workers' organizations to establish sound labour relations, adapt labour laws to meet changing economic and social needs and improve labour administration.
Successful social dialogue structures and processes have the potential to resolve important economic and social issues, encourage good governance, advance social and industrial peace and stability and boost economic progress. Effective social dialogue depends on:
- Respect for the fundamental rights of freedom of association and collective bargaining
- Strong, independent workers' and employers' organizations with the technical capacity and knowledge required to participate in social dialogue
- Political will and commitment to engage in social dialogue on the part of all parties
- Appropriate institutional support
Freedom of association
Effective dialogue implies the right freely to form and join groups for the promotion and defence of their occupational interests. Freedom of association and collective bargaining are among the founding principles of the ILO. Soon after the adoption of Conventions Nos. 87 and 98 on freedom of association and collective bargaining, the ILO came to the conclusion that the principle of freedom of association needed a further supervisory procedure to ensure compliance with it in countries that had not ratified the relevant conventions. As a result, in 1951 the ILO set up the Committee on Freedom of Association (CFA) for the purpose of examining complaints about violations of freedom of association, whether or not the country concerned had ratified the relevant conventions.