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  1. Can Better Working Conditions Improve the Performance of SMEs? An international literature review

    16 January 2014

    This research has been commissioned by the International Labour Office (ILO) as a contribution to the Global Product 154 and the Area of Critical Importance, Productivity and working conditions in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs).

  2. Guide on employment policy and international labour standards

    10 January 2014

    The aim of the present Guide is to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of placing the promotion of full, productive and freely chosen employment at the heart of socio-economic and development policies through a rights-based approach and a broad basis of agreement achieved through social dialogue, in line with the Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122).


  1. Youth Employment and Migration in Peru

    20 November 2013

    With more than 8 million young people between 15-29 years of age, Peru has a large and heterogeneous young generation which represents 27.5 per cent of the total population.

  2. Youth Employment and Migration in Ecuador

    20 November 2013

    Ecuador’s population is young and rapidly growing. It has almost doubled since 1980, reaching almost 15 million in 2010. An approximate 60 per cent of Ecuadorians are under 29 years old and almost one out of three is between the ages of 15 and 29. More than half of the young people aged 15-29 are poor: around 30 per cent live in conditions of poverty and another 24 per cent in extreme poverty.

  3. Youth Employment and Migration in Turkey

    20 November 2013

    Turkey is undergoing a demographic transition. Its population comprises 74 million people and is expected to keep growing until 2050 and begin ageing in 2025. The share of children and youth under 25 years old reaches 45 per cent, and the 15-29 age group represents around 25 per cent of the total population – about 18 million people.

  4. Youth Employment and Migration in China

    20 November 2013

    With 1.35 billion people, China has the largest population in the world and a total working age population of 937 million. For historical and political reasons, full employment has been consistently high on the Government agenda.

  5. Youth Employment and Migration in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    20 November 2013

    Young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) aged 15 to 24 represent 16 per cent of the 3.8 million population of the country. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the overall unemployment rate in 2012 reached 28 per cent, while the youth unemployment rate (15-24 years of age) more than double the overall unemployment, at 63.1 per cent.

  6. Gender dimensions of national employment policies: A 24 country study

    18 November 2013

    Employment Working Paper No. 152

  7. Employment and Migration in Serbia

    12 August 2013

    Serbia counts more than 800,000 young people between the ages of 15 and 24 – 52 per cent men and 48 per cent women – which is almost 18% of the overall working age population. These young Serbians face great labour market challenges. The employment rate for youth aged 15-24, just above 15 per cent, is three times lower than for the working-age population (47 per cent). With an unemployment rate reaching 46 per cent, the young generation is also more than twice as likely to be unemployed as the overall working-age population, which faces an unemployment rate of 20 per cent.

  8. Youth Employment and Migration in Albania

    12 August 2013

    With a mean age of 30 and 25 per cent of the population in the 15-29 age group, Albania is one of Europe’s youngest countries. However, due to declining mortality and fertility rates over the past decades, Albania’s population is expected to age significantly over the coming years. The Albanian labour market faces problems that are common to most transition economies. The loss of jobs in the industrial sector in the 1990s was not counterbalanced by the weak expansion of the service sector, while agriculture and informal employment act as outlets to relieve labour market pressures.

  9. Youth Employment and Migration in Philippines

    12 August 2013

    Youth aged 15-24 account for more than 17 million of the overall 92.3 million Filipino populationi. With the 25-29 age group, the young generation in the Philippines comes up to 27.5 per cent of the total population. Almost one in three Filipino youth (29.4 per cent) comes from poor families. As an increasing number of young people are entering the labour force, the demographic pressure exacerbates tensions on the labour market, impacting youth labour market outcomes.

  10. Youth Employment and Migration in Tunisia

    12 August 2013

    Youth between 15 and 29 years of age represent 28.4 per cent of the 10.7 million population of Tunisia. It is widely recognized that this young generation has been the main driving-force behind the social and political upheaval that has led to the fall of Ben Ali’s government in January 2011. Today, their persistent discontent, in particular as regards labour market prospects, could weigh on the political and social transition of the country. Above all, youth employment remains a great challenge for Tunisia.

  11. MDG Achievement Fund Knowledge Management Facility on Youth Employment and Migration

    08 August 2013

    Brochure: Reaping the benefits and minimizing the risks of youth labour migration

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