Community contracts in urban infrastructure works

This working paper addresses the development and use of community contracts for infrastructure provision and up-grading in unplanned urban settlements. Many of the concepts presented in this paper may be applicable to rural programmes, however the object is to address the special conditions related to the use of community contracts for urban infrastructure works. The paper is based primarily on experience gained and lessons learns from two pilot projects in Hanna Nassif in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Kalerwe in Kampala, Uganda. The paper provides interested parties, in particular field workers, project managers, technicians and community animators with information on the practical application of community contracts for the execution of infrastructure works in urban low-income and/or unplanned settlements. Issues addressed include institutional set-up in community contracting, type of contracts, roles and responsibilities, the community as contracting authority and contractor, role of the municipality and of t