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Social accounting matrix-based analysis of gendered employment sectoral strategies in Ethiopia

Using a gender-disaggregated social accounting matrix prepared for this study, we analysed and compared the employment and output impacts of investment in the sixty-one commodities identified in the social accounting matrix using SAM-based multiplier analysis.

- For women, in particular, demand for cash crops has the highest potential for employment. However, this is also the result of low productivity in the sector.

- For decent employment and earning, education, health, and public services’ potential stood out, although the three sectors also demand expanded tertiary education to fulfil this potential.

- The industrial sector, specifically the manufacturing subsector, has the lowest employment and output impacts compared to the agriculture and service sectors, highlighting the need to improve its forward and backward linkages.

- Within the industrial sector, we find that mining, spinning, food processing, and the construction sector have higher employment and output impacts.