Situation analysis:The Greek economy continues to face volatility and uncertainty. Following weak but positive economic growth of 0.7 percent in 2014, GDP contracted by 0.3 percent in 2015 and is expected to decrease by further 0.2 percent in 2016. Only in 2017 is the economy expected to resume positive economic growth.
Although the labour market has shown some timid signs of improvement, the situation remains critical and fragile. The long-term unemployment rate in 2015 was 18.2 percent, and the unemployment rate for young people below 25 years of age was nearly 50 percent.
Given this context, the Government of Greece has decided to formulate a coordinated menu of policies and measures aimed at tackling unemployment taking into consideration the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of unemployment in Greece. One component known as Kinofelis (public benefit job creation programme) is a public works programme that has completed two phases over the past years. The Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Solidarity (MOL) wants to built on this experience and improve the programme as it goes into its next phase.
As such Kinofelis is being redesigned and will now include the following innovations:
• The Programme will be strengthened as an active – rather than passive - labour market programme, offered to jobseekers as a choice within a menu of available ALMPs (detailed below);
• Greater emphasis will be placed on ensuring the productivity and the social benefit of the work undertaken by ensuring that the work performed is linked to the assets created or services delivered;
• The duration of a “work opportunity” will be extended from five to eight months;
• Work performed will be project-based: the skills profile of workers will be expressed by municipalities in terms of the requirements for carrying out specific project activities;
• Workers exiting the programme will be eligible to receive unemployment compensation; and
• All participants will have the possibility to choose to receive training for one day a week or its equivalent in information and communication technologies (ICT).
Targeting and recruitment of participants against the skills requirements specified by municipalities in their project proposals will be done through the OAED (public employment services in Greece), and participants will be selected from the registered unemployed, based on a number of criteria including: age, duration of unemployment, household income, residence in the municipality and number of dependents.
Technical Support provided by the ILO:The Greek Government requested the ILO to provide support in the implementation of the Kinofelis programme, and in particular the introduction of various measures to improve the design, operations, monitoring, evaluation and ultimately the impact of the programme. Concrete outputs delivered by the ILO will included:
- A draft guidance note for municipalities, laying out the main innovations of the new generation of public works programmes in Greece;
- A project Logical Framework Model for Kinofelis;
- A breakdown of the logical framework with indicators and measures to inform, design of monitoring and evaluation systems;
- A diagnostic analysis of the monitoring and evaluation system accompanied by action plans with the objective of strengthening these aspects of Kinofelis.
This project is funded by the European Union with the financial support of the Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development