Agriculture employs more than a billion people in developing countries, representing 48 per cent of the developing-country labour force. This book analyses how agricultural trade affects labour markets in developing countries and in particular what it implies for the creation and destruction of jobs in the agricultural sector. Given that many agricultural workers are members of poor households, the relationship between trade and jobs in the agricultural sector is highly relevant for poverty reduction and broader development strategies.
The book presents the findings of a series of assessments at the country, regional, and global levels of the employment impacts of agricultural trade. It discusses how concerns about agricultural employment are reflected in national trade policies and regional and multilateral trade agreements. Furthermore, the book attempts to shed light on how changes in productivity, food security, rural–urban migration, skills and domestic regulation affect the relationship between trade and employment in the agricultural sector.
The evidence presented in this book indicates that agricultural trade is unlikely to produce job miracles or to lead to dramatic job losses. However, agricultural trade can be an opportunity for development and employment. The analysis highlights the importance of gradual trade liberalization with social protection to reduce the vulnerability of agricultural workers and targeted promotion of agricultural productivity to enhance competitiveness in global markets.
- D. Cheong, M. Jansen and R. Peters. Shared Harvests: Agriculture, Trade and Employment – An Overview
- Chapter 1 - D. Cheong and M. Jansen. Employment, Productivity, and Trade in Developing-Country Agriculture
- Chapter 2 - R. Peters. Legal Aspects of Trade in Agriculture: WTO Agreement on Agriculture and Preferential Trade Agreements
- Chapter 3 - R. Peters and D. Vanzetti. Trade and Agricultural Employment Linkages in General Equilibrium Modelling
- Chapter 4 - S. Raihan. Economic Reforms and Agriculture in Bangladesh: Assessment of Impacts Using Economy-Wide Simulation Models
- Chapter 5 - S. Bio Goura, E. Adjovi and I.F. Aboudou. Impact of Agricultural Trade on Employment in Benin
- Chapter 6 - L. Linares and R. Zelaya. Foreign Trade and Agricultural Employment in Guatemala
- Chapter 7 - R. Oktaviani and D. Vanzetti. Trade, Productivity, and Employment Linkages in Indonesian Agriculture
- Chapter 8 - S. Karingi and S. Mevel. Towards a Continental Free Trade Area in Africa: A CGE Modelling Assessment with a Focus on Agriculture
- Chapter 9 - D. Vanzetti and A. Nikolić. Potential Impacts of WTO and EU Accession on the Agricultural Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Chapter 10 - R. Peters and D. Vanzetti. A Coherent Agriculture Trade Policy for Mexico