In fragile and conflict-affected States […] poverty rates are generally 21 percentage points higher than in other States. […] The threat that their condition poses to the prosperity of others is one compelling reason why the ILO should give priority to them.”

Guy Ryder, ILO Director General

Fragile states and disaster response

Around 1.5 billion people live in countries where they experience violence and fragile situations on an almost daily basis. Another 200 million people are affected by the slow or sudden onset of disasters. Violence and catastrophic events are triggered by a variety of factors and can impact differently on societies, but one way or another they all undermine peoples’ livelihoods and create decent work deficits. Left unattended, these problems can lead to increased poverty, inequality and social unrest.

Through its distinctive rights-based development approach, the ILO contributes to building the resilience of nations and people caught in fragile and disaster situations. In direct collaboration with its member States, tripartite constituents, UN partners, international and national agencies, the ILO supports an employment-centred recovery from conflict, turmoil and disasters while promoting decent work and social justice as key drivers of social cohesion and the prevention of further conflict.

Key resources

  1. Report

    Employment and decent work for peace and resilience


    Report for the revision of the Recommendation concerning Employment Organisation in the Transition from War to Peace (R71)

  2. Publication

    ILO's Role in Conflict and Disaster Settings

    2nd edition, 2012

  3. Publication

    Prevention and resolution of violent and armed conflicts: Training manual for use by trade union organizations


  4. Publication

    Local Economic Recovery in Post-Conflict