Executive Summary

Impact of Trade and Investment Policies on Productive Employment and Decent Work

Country Report for Morocco

This report identifies the key issues to be addressed and the policies and measures to be implemented to create more decent and productive jobs in Morocco. The report argues that trade and investment are essential means to achieve this goal. The report emphasizes the likely links between, on the one hand, trade and investment policies in Morocco and, on the other hand, the improvement of indicators related to decent and productive work in the country. Based on existing empirical work and research, reinforced by in-depth analyses carried out in the Moroccan context, the study answers the following central question: to what extent do public trade and investment policies influence the offer of decent and productive employment to the population? The report highlights the need for a proactive strategy to improve the ability of trade and investment policies to generate decent and productive jobs.

The report concludes that the opening of the economy must consider the specificities of the industrial fabric of the country, dominated by SMEs and VSEs, in order to ensure the promotion of the inclusion of women and young people in the socio-economic fabric. economy, to reduce the extent of precariousness, to stem territorial disparities and to strengthen the legal framework and the anchoring of the springs of modern and participatory governance. Indeed, the coordination of actors' efforts and the promotion of activities related to trade and investment in relation to employment must converge towards the same objectives, particularly with regard to the encouragement of job creation and wealth at the national level.

This report has been prepared within the framework of the ‘Mainstreaming Employment into Trade and Investment in the Southern Mediterranean Countries (METI)’ programme, funded by the European Commission.