1. Enterprises Initiative

    Establishing a platform for ILO engagement with enterprises which would contribute to their sustainability and to ILO goals.

Multinational Enterprises (MULTI)

The Multinational Enterprises and Enterprise Engagement Unit (ENT/MULTI) is responsible for the promotion and follow-up of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration), which is the ILO’s key tool for promoting labour standards and principles in the corporate world.

The Unit receives direct guidance from ILO constituents through decisions taken in the MNE Segment of the Policy Development section of the ILO's Governing Body,  previously the Subcommittee on Multinational Enterprises.

The Unit aims to increase awareness of the MNE Declaration as a useful tool for companies, governments, and organizations of employers and workers; and to promote its effective use by facilitating a shared understanding of its principles.

Key means of action are:

What's new

  1. Training

    International Labour Standards and Corporate Social Responsibility: Understanding workers’ rights in the framework of due diligence

    8-12 October 2018, International Training Center of the ILO, Turin, Italy

    This five-day course aims to strengthen the capacity of participants to understand the principles of international labour standards as they relate to company operations (including due diligence related to labour rights) and how those principles can be most effectively implemented in company operations.

  2. News

    ILO, Tokyo 2020 sign agreement to promote decent work in run-up to the Games

    26 April 2018

    The international Labour Organization and Tokyo 2020 sign an agreement to promote socially responsible labour practices in the run-up to the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games in the Japanese capital.

  3. Country-level assistance

    Advancing decent work in Vietnam: strengthening dialogue along the global electronics value chain

    Rapid growth in Viet Nam’s electronics product manufacturing sector has transformed the labour market and created a significant number of jobs. Yet as new employment opportunities emerge, so does attention to the working conditions of the primarily low-skilled, largely female assembly workforce. Since 2015, the ILO has been forging a unique partnership approach in this sector dominated by multinational enterprises (MNEs) to engage all stakeholders to advance decent work.

  4. News

    Sialkot sports goods sector promotes a level playing field

    16 April 2018

    The Employers Federation of Pakistan in collaboration with Baidarie and with the technical assistance of ILO under the Japan Government funded Project on "More and Better Jobs through Socially Responsible Labor Practices in sports goods industry in Sialkot" held a sensitization event with stakeholders on the importance of sports activities to achieve decent work.

  5. Regional follow-up

    Information gathering on the MNE Declaration started in preparation for the report and special session on the MNE Declaration during the 19th American Regional Meeting

    Deadline for submission of the questionnaires: 30 May 2018

    At its 329th session (March 2017), the ILO Governing Body adopted a revised MNE Declaration text with two annexes.

    In preparation of the 19th American Regional Meeting (Panama City, Panama, 2-5 October 2018), questionnaires are being sent by the International Labour Office directly and simultaneously to the Government and Employers' and Workers organizations of the participating ILO members States.

  6. Partnering in Asia

    Promoting responsible supply chains in Asia

    A new joint action by the European Union, the ILO and the OECD on responsible supply chains will promote corporate social responsibility (CSR)/responsible business conduct (RBC) with regard to decent work, environment sustainability and respect for human rights.

  7. Country-level assistance

    Forging a partnership for sustainable and responsible practices in the Sialkot sporting goods industry: a winning startegy

  8. Working papers

    Methodologies for collecting data on MNE contributions to decent work in host countries

  9. Training

    Multinational enterprises, development and decent work: the approach of the MNE Declaration

    23-27 April 2018, International Training Center of the ILO, Turin, Italy

    This five-day course looks at how governments, enterprises and the social partners are encouraged to each put policies in place and engage with each other through dialogue to maximize the positive contribution of multinational enterprises to socio-economic development and decent work.

  10. Training

    Effective investment facilitation and sustainable development

    9-13 April 2018, International Training Center of the ILO, Turin, Italy

    This five-day course will help investment promotion agencies to strengthen their investment promotion and facilitation capacities, expand their after-care services and, more broadly, enhance the development impacts of FDI flowing into their countries, particularly as regards the creation of more and better jobs. The course is run jointly by WAIPA (World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).

  11. Country Study

    More and Better Jobs through Socially Responsible Labour and Business Practices in the Electronics Sector of Viet Nam

    This report seeks to contribute to the question of how enterprises can generate more and better jobs through socially responsible labour and business practices in the Vietnamese electronics sector, taking into account the evolving transnational production system as Viet Nam is further integrated in the global economy. Electronics has become the largest export-oriented industry in Viet Nam and is primarily led by major multinational enterprises (MNEs) producing in Viet Nam.

  12. First Sustainability Forum "Achieving Sustainable Development through Decent Work towards 2020"

    Business, Sustainability and Decent Work: Our Common Agenda for 2020 and 2030

    Organized by the ILO and supported by the Tokyo Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, 21 September 2017

    Key note address by Githa Roelans, Head, Multinational Enterprises and Enterprise Engagement Unit

  13. Country case study

    ILO supports a partnership approach in the Zambian mining sector to create jobs and stimulate inclusive growth

    Mining is one of the main sources of formal employment in Zambia. Copper mining, for example, has attracted substantial foreign investment and seen robust growth over the past decade. Nevertheless, its full potential for the indirect creation of jobs has yet to be harnessed. The ILO is working with the government, and employers’ and workers’ organizations in the country, as well as with the Chamber of Mines and the mining companies to strengthen dialogues that can result in broader job creation and enterprise development. It is helping to identify new ways of establishing business linkages between large mining companies and local small and medium enterprises (SMEs) that will strengthen the sector’s capacity to create jobs.

  14. Country case study

    Argentina takes the lead in partnering with multinational enterprises to create more and better jobs

    Over the past decade, the government of Argentina has played a leading role in establishing an alliance between the state and the private sector to address youth unemployment and enterprise development. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) have been strategic partners in helping overcome these national challenges. The ILO has provided technical assistance to the government’s efforts to create more and better jobs within MNEs and their suppliers in the country.

  15. Report

    Sustainable Mining: How good practices in the mining sector contribute to more and better jobs

    7 November 2017

    The international policy and academic debate about mining investment in developing countries has increasingly focused on the non-fiscal impacts of large mining projects. Particularly relevant in this regard are government and corporate policies and practices that aim to support broader wealth and job creation. The present report is intended to provide an overview of good practices towards these objectives.

  16. Training

    Multinational enterprises, development and decent work: the approach of the MNE Declaration

    Conducted in the Americas, Lima, 9-13 October 2017

    24 participants from 14 countries from the Latin American and Caribbean region gathered in the ILO Regional Office in Lima for a one-week training on the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy.

  17. Report

    Report on the promotion and application of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy in Europe and Central Asia

    Tenth European Regional Meeting - Istanbul, 2–5 October 2017

  18. The ILO DW for SDGs Notes Series

    Engaging the Private Sector on Decent Work - Business Operations and Investments

    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes the importance of engaging enterprises on decent work in order to achieve sustainable development and inclusive growth. It specifically highlights the importance of partnerships and the role the private sector can play, ranging from micro, to cooperative, to multinational-enterprises (MNEs) in meeting the goals and targets. Engaging with enterprises is important for the realization of all sustainable development goals and targets, but is of particular relevance to SDG 8. Enterprises contribute, first and foremost, by respecting workers’ rights and promoting productive employment priorities through their day-to-day operations and investments. In some cases, the engagement of enterprises in a given country can lead to the creation of public-private partnerships that address specific decent work deficits or identify good job opportunities, and might also complement or lead to specific projects and programmes.

  19. News

    G20 agrees on policies to shape the future of work for inclusive growth and development

    19 May 2017

    Ministers adopted policy recommendations on skills development, social protection and working conditions for countries to shape a future that works for people around the globe. The Ministerial Declaration refers to the Tripartite declaration of principles concerning multinational enterprises and social policy (MNE Declaration).

  20. News

    Tokyo 2020 and the ILO agree unique partnership to promote Decent Work

    12 May 2017

    The Organizing Committee and the UN Agency for the world of work will sign an agreement to promote socially responsible labour practices among the delivery partners of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020. Socially responsible labour practices will be promoted in all delivery partners of the Games, taking guidance from the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles covering multinational enterprises and social policy and will include technical seminars and symposiums on CSR practices.

  21. Study

    Multinational enterprises and inclusive development: Harnessing national social dialogue institutions to address the governance gap

    This paper is a part of the research project of the Social Dialogue and Tripartism Unit of the Governance and Tripartism Department (DIALOGUE/GOVERNANCE) and the Multinational Enterprises and Enterprises Engagement Unit of the Enterprises Department (ENT/MULTI) whose main objective is to analyse and document country experiences in the area of tripartite social dialogue and multinational enterprises (MNEs) and foreign direct investment (FDI). The paper presents some examples of national social dialogue institutions advancing the principles of the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy, and also areas where they could potentially become engaged.

  22. News

    ILO revises its landmark Declaration on multinational enterprises

    The revised Tripartite Declaration of principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration) adds principles to the Declaration addressing decent work issues related to social security, forced labour, transition from the informal to the formal economy, access to remedy and compensation of victims, inter alia. It provides enhanced guidelines for fostering the contribution of multinational enterprises to achieve decent work for all.

  23. Report

    Multinational Enterprises, Development and Decent Work

    16th Asia and the Pacific Regional Meeting Bali, Indonesia, 6 - 9 December 2016

    Report on the promotion and application of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy in Asia and the Pacific

  24. Foreign investment

    ILO and WAIPA sign agreement to assist IPAs in attracting sustainable FDI that promotes decent jobs.

    14 October 2016

    Agreement is expected to lead to the generation of decent jobs, sustainable businesses, more inclusive growth and better sharing of the benefits of foreign direct investment (FDI).

  25. Chlid Labour Platform Meeting

    Tackling child labour in supply chains

    17-18 October 2016, ILO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland

  26. ILO Governing Body decides on modalities to review the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy

    At its 326th session in March 2016, the ILO Governing Body decided to establish a tripartite ad hoc working group of eight members representing Governments, four members representing Workers and four members representing Employers that will meet twice before March 2017 to review the text of the MNE Declaration including its annex and addenda and the interpretation procedure. The recommendations of the working group, arrived at through consensus, will be presented for possible adoption at the 329th Session (March 2017) of the Governing Body.

  27. ILO Policy Brief

    Inclusive business practices in Africa's extractive industries

    8 February 2016

    The policy note presents key factors contributing to inclusive growth linked to the extractive industries in Africa, reflecting on the distinctive yet complementary roles of governments and multinational enterprises. The document considers the types of economic linkages to local communities and national economies that contribute towards employment, enterprise development, infrastructure, and ultimately to the economic transformation required for sustainable development. The factors are explained with reference to lessons learned from African countries at various stages of development of their mining, oil and gas sectors. 

  28. Child Labour Platform Meeting

    Tackling child labour in supply chains

    14-15 December 2015, ILO Headquaters, Geneva, Switzerland

    The December meeting of the CLP will include a panel discussion on the role of investors in eliminating child labour in supply chains, both from the perspective of companies and investors themselves. The meeting will also provide an opportunity for discussion on key themes, including remediation, impact assessment and the role of multi-stakeholder initiatives and due diligence. New CLP tools and research will be presented, with a focus on detailed training material on child labour being developed by a member company, with the support of the ILO.

  29. Report

    Multinational enterprises, development and decent work

    13th African Regional Meeting, Addis Ababa, 30 November - 3 December 2015

    Report on the promotion and application of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy in Africa.

  30. 4th UN Forum on Business and Human Rights

    16-18 November 2015, Palais des Nations, Geneva

    The International Labour Organization (ILO) is participating in a series of sessions at the 2015 UN Forum on Business and Human Rights “Tracking progress and ensuring coherence”.

  31. ILO Global Business and Disability Network 

    Launch of the Business Charter on Disability

    28 October 2015, ILO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland

    During this high level global event, the ILO Global Business and Disability Network will launch its Business Charter on Disability - the first global charter on disability inclusion in the workplace. The charter will be signed by the ILO Director General and representatives from multinational enterprises asserting their commitment to create inclusive workplaces for people with disabilities around the world. Participants will share country-specific initiatives and will discuss the contemporary issue of mental health at the workplace.

  32. 2015 Interagency Round-table on Corporate Social Responsibility

    Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    27 October 2015, Palais des Nations, Geneva

    The 2015 Interagency CSR Round-table is meeting to discuss the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), evaluate the role that the private sector can play, and look at how the UN can foster private sector contributions to SDGs.

  33. News

    The global employer community reaffirm its firm commitment to the implementation of the MNE Declaration

    An historic Declaration has been signed on 7 October 2015 at the first Global Employers Summit in Bahrain, in which the business community expresses its support to the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As part of the business contribution to the efforts on shared progress, the global employers community reaffirms its commitment to engage with trade unions and all other stakeholders in dialogue and negotiations that contribute to more and better jobs, growth and prosperity. The Declaration also reaffirms the global employer community's endorsement of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration) and firm commitment to their implementation.

  34. New publication

    Multinational enterprises, development and decent work: An annotated bibliography on the application of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy

    This annotated bibliography provides a succinct overview of the significant amount of research, analysis, and guidance documents on the activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs) that has been published by the ILO and others from 2005 to 2015. The publication presents a solid collection of works relevant to the ILO MNE Declaration and provides a range of information on labour and employment issues to parties interested in translating the principles of the Declaration into action. It will be of interest to ILO constituents, ILO staff members and researchers who deal with issues related to investment, MNEs and decent work. Those interested in MNEs, CSR, the role of the private sector in development and FDI more broadly, may also find this bibliography useful in their work.

  35. Child Labour Platform (CLP) Meeting

    Tackling child labour in supply chains

    16-17 July 2015, International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland

    CLP members and ILO experts will review the policies and procedures a member company has in place to address child labour and consider how these could be strengthened.

  36. Baltic Rim Economies Review

    "Corporate Social Responsibility and Decent Work" by ILO Director-General

    31 March 2015

    Corporate Social Responsibility has the stated aim of encouraging the positive contribution of business to socio economic development and reducing the risk of possible negative impact, including along the complex systems of global supply chains, thus becoming an intrinsic part of the way business does its business. This approach recognizes that enterprises have a responsibility to ensure that jobs are decent, workplaces are safe and inclusive, proper wages are being paid and workers have a voice to come up for their rights. At the same time genuine CSR seeks to encourage the positive impact of the private sector as a major player in society creating jobs that provide incomes and learning opportunities. To fully harness the potential of the private sector, the ILO was one of the first international organizations to adopt an instrument that introduces a social dimension to the forces shaping globalization, The Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration). In the 1970s it was ahead of its time and today it is more relevant than ever to engage with business and achieve a fair globalization.

  37. Country-level assistance

    New service to promote Corporate Social Responsibility in Bolivia

    The employers’ organization Confederación de Empresarios Privados de Bolivia (CEPB) has established a new CSR Unit (Unidad de Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, URSE) with the technical assistance of the ILO Bureau for Employer’s Activities (ACT/EMP) and the ILO Country Office for the Andean Countries. The unit aims at providing technical and specialized assistance to its member companies, giving visibility to their efforts on this area, creating a space for enterprises to share knowledge on CSR, and building the capacity of corporate executives through certified courses. The Multinational Enterprises and Enterprise Engagement Unit (MULTI) supported CEPB in the launch of its CSR Unit when participating in a series of activities in La Paz in February 2015, highlighting the global and regional trends in CSR and the approach of the ILO MNE Declaration.

  38. Country-level assistance

    Engaging multinational enterprises on job creation for young women and men in Cote d’Ivoire

    As the economy of Côte d’Ivoire slowly recovers after a long period of crisis, building a bright future for the young generation is crucial. The increasing number of multinational enterprises (MNEs) operating in the country are a promising yet largely untapped source for local job creation. Until now, jobs have been mainly filled by foreigners due to limited skilled labour available locally. The ILO provides assistance to the government, employers and workers organizations to address the situation by engaging MNEs on this national priority.

  39. Child Labour Platform (CLP) Meeting

    Tackling Child Labour in Supply Chains

    4-5 December 2014, ILO, Geneva

    The Child Labour Platform helps companies identify obstacles in implementing the ILO and Global Compact child labour principles in supply chains and surrounding communities and advises on practical ways of overcoming them. The next meeting of the CLP will include a peer review of the policies and procedures to address child labour of a member company. The meeting will also offer a “deep dive” into specific issues, such as sub-sector collaboration, audits and certification, and applying due diligence to tackle child labour.

  40. 2014 UN Annual UN Forum on Business and Human Rights

    New ILO standards on the elimination of forced labour– A multi stakeholder approach to address contemporary forms of forced labour and trafficking

    1 December 2014, 14:45-16:15, Palais des Nations, Room XXI

    Side event organized by the International Labour Organization (ILO), in collaboration with the Working Group on Business and Human Rights at the occasion of the 3rd annual United Nations Forum on Business and Human Rights.

  41. Inter-agency Roundtable on Corporate Social Responsibility 

    Sustainable public procurement on the rise

    19 November 2014

    Comment by Emmanuel Julien, Deputy-Director, Enterprises Departement

  42. Inter-agency Roundtable on Corporate Social Responsibility

    CSR Roundtable- Public Procurement Policies

    19 November 2014, ILO, Geneva

    The annual CSR Rountable is a joint initiative co-organized by the ILO, UNCTAD and OECD. It brings together CSR experts from international organizations, developments agencies, governments representatives as well as leading academics. The aim is to promote policy coherence and facilitate collaboration among the international organizations. The Roundtable this year is hosted by the ILO and will discuss public procurement policies as a mechanism for fostering sustainable and responsible business conduct.

  43. World Investment Forum 2014

    Foreign Direct Investment: Getting it right

    17 October 2014

    Comment by Aenas Chuma, ILO Regional Director for Africa.

  44. World Investment Forum 2014

    The creation of more and better jobs through investment

    16 October 2014, Palais des Nations, Geneva

    The ILO is organizing, in cooperation with UNCTAD, a dialogue on maximizing the positive impact of foreign direct investment (FDI). The discussion will facilitate exchange of experiences on policies, strategies and incentives to encourage multinational enterprises to promote more and better jobs in their operations abroad. Participants will include investment policy makers, negotiators and promotion agencies of host and home countries of multinational enterprises.

  45. Report

    Multinational enterprises, development and decent work

    18th American Regional Meeting, Lima, 13-16 October 2014

    Report on the promotion and application of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy in the Americas.

  46. ILO-OECD High-Level Roundtable on Responsible Supply Chains in the Textile and Garment Sector

    29-30 September 2014 - Paris, France

    This roundtable will provide a forum for dialogue on building responsible supply chains in the textile and garment sector that contribute to inclusive growth and sustainable development, in line with the recommendations of the ILO Tripartite Declaration of principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. The roundtable will also identify challenges and possible areas for future collaborative action.

  47. Interview with Sam Gurney, Governing Body Workers’ Spokesperson (MNE Segment) on the new follow-up mechanism to the MNE Declaration"

    13 June 2014

    Sam Gurney, Governing Body Workers’ Spokesperson (MNE Segment) explains the increasingly important role multinational entrerprises play in today’s globalized economy and underlines the importance of the new follow-up mechanism to the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration) adopted by the ILO Governing Body in March 2014.

  48. Promoting intercontinental social dialogue between China and Africa

    15-16 May 2014, Beijijng

    The China-African Trade Union Leaders Seminar on the “Labour relations and role of trade unions in MNCs” was held in Beijing from 15-16 May 2014. Tim De Meyer, Director of ILO Country Office for China and Mongolia addressed the participants and underlined the importance of dialogue between the Chinese companies and the African trade unions with the increasing Chinese investment in Africa. He encouraged the Chinese companies to draw on the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration) in their development in Africa.

  49. CSR Roundtable - Promoting Responsible Inverstment

    14 November 2013, ILO Headquarters, Geneva

    The annual CSR Roundtable is a joint initiative co-organized by the ILO, UNCTAD and OECD, that this year was hosted by the ILO. The Roundtable brings together CSR experts from international organizations, development agencies, Governments representatives as well as leading academics and is aimed at promoting policy coherence among the international organizations. This year’s theme is “Promoting Responsible Investment”.
    For more information, visit the Roundtable’s website:www.csrroundtable.org

  50. II World Forum of Local Ecomonic Development

    29 October - 1 November 2013, Foz do Iguaçu, Brasil

    The II World Forum of Local Economic Development aims to facilitate dialogue and exchanges between local, national and international actors on the efficiency and impact of local economic development in tackling current challenges. The role of the private sector in local economic development will be addressed as part of the theme “Local Development Economic Strategies: the great challenges”.

  51. Strengthening CSR policies in Latin America and the Caribbean

    11 October 2013, Brussels, Belgium

    On 11 October 2013, the first European Union (EU)–Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Seminar on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) took place in Brussels as a joint initiative of the European Commission External Action Service (EEAS) and CELAC. This high-level seminar was organized as a follow-up to theDeclaration adopted by the European, Latin American and Caribbean Heads of State and Government who met during the 1st EU-CELAC Summit / 7th EU-LAC Summit Government in Santiago (Chile) on 26-27 January 2013 to address an Alliance for Sustainable Development to Promote Investments of Social and Environmental Quality.

  52. Child Labour Platform – an International Labour Organization - Global Compact initiative

    Thursday 19 September 2013- Panel Discussion hosted by the ILO and Global Compact

    This panel discussion will introduce the Child Labour Platform as a business-led forum of frank exchange to eliminate child labour in global supply chains.