1. Inclusive business practices in Africa's extractive industries

    08 February 2016

    The policy note presents key factors contributing to inclusive growth linked to the extractive industries in Africa, reflecting on the distinctive yet complementary roles of governments and multinational enterprises. The document considers the types of economic linkages to local communities and national economies that contribute towards employment, enterprise development, infrastructure, and ultimately to the economic transformation required for sustainable development. The factors are explained with reference to lessons learned from African countries at various stages of development of their mining, oil and gas sectors.


  1. Boosting Local Economies

    27 November 2014

    The ILO approach to local economic development - Sustainable Enterprises

  2. Sustainable Enterprises - creating more and better jobs

    03 November 2014

    Developing sustainable enterprises: the ILO approach


  1. Up-scaling Local Economic Development: Lessons from the Ghana Decent Work Programme 2011

    18 December 2012

    This case study presents and analyses the lessons learned from the Local Economic Development (LED) component of the Ghana Decent Work Programme (GDWP), particularly with regard to up-scaling and replication. It shows that LED can have sustainable impact at local and national levels alike. In the context of increasing decentralization the LED component fostered social dialogue at local level through the establishment of district-level Sub-committees on Productive and Gainful Employment (SPGEs); strengthened local businesses; and promoted extension of social protection for workers in the informal economy, among other initiatives. The LED component placed significant emphasis on economic sectors with a high share of working women.

  2. Combining Value Chain Development and Local Economic Development

    01 June 2012

    ILO Value Chain Development Briefing paper 1


  1. The Enter-Growth project – Sri Lanka: Applying a market development lens to an ILO local enterprise development project

    08 March 2011

    Employment Sector - Employment Report No. 11


  1. Labour-oriented participation in municipalities

    01 December 2010

    While social dialogue at the national level (both sectoral or multi-sectoral) has recognized attributes, at the same time, there are local level issues related to labour which are difficult to capture at the national level. The Sectoral Activities Department of the ILO has published the working paper: “Labour-oriented participation in municipalities. How decentralized social dialogue can benefit the urban economy and its sectors”, which presents practices of local social dialogue. It also provides guidance for municipal actors to engage in local social dialogue with the aim of improving the situations of workers and companies in the municipality from the decent work perspective.

  2. Gender Mainstreaming in Local Economic Development Strategies : A guide

    04 June 2010


  1. Women’s Entrepreneurship Development Capacity Building Guide

    26 October 2009

    A training tool for improving the skills of staff in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) support institutions and projects, enabling them to provide more effective services.

  2. South and South-East Asia Conference on Local Economic Development

    17 June 2009

    Knowledge sharing and the way forward - Conference Report - 16/17 June 2009


  1. Reader Inter-Agency Conference on Local Economic Development

    24 October 2008

    @local.glob Global Thinking for Local Development - Issue No. 5 - Year 2008 - Special issue prepared and produced in conjunction with: ILO Local Economic Development (ILO/LED) in support of the Inter-Agency Conference on Local Economic Development 22-24 October 2008

  2. ILO Jakarta: Special Edition Newsletter - Job Opportunities for Youth - September 2008

    01 September 2008

  3. Local Economic Development in Indonesia: Partnerships for tourism development

    01 March 2008

    LED Story No. 13

  4. Village banking in Lao PDR - Ledger Guide

    01 January 2008

    This guide elaborates on how to fill in and use the ledger. As explained in Chapter 7 of the handbook, the ledger is used to show expenditure and income by the type of item (e.g. membership fees, loans, or interest).

  5. Village Banking in LAO PDR Handbook for Village Bank Management Committees and Support Organizations

    01 January 2008

    The main objective of this handbook is to help improve management capacity at the village level and contribute to the strengthening of provision of support to village banks. As such, it is primarily designed for use by support organizations and village bank management committees.


  1. Local Economic Development in Nicaragua: The Competitivity Agenda: Planning Dynamically

    15 September 2007

    LED Story No. 12

  2. Local Economic Development in El Salvador: Fostering women entrepreneurship to fight poverty

    01 September 2007

    LED Story No. 10

  3. Local economic development for employment generation, peace and security : approaches, tools, and good practices in the Philippines

    01 September 2007

    Report of an ILO-SRO Manila Technical Workshop

  4. Local Economic Development in Chile: Cultural identity as an engine of development

    15 August 2007

    LED Story No. 9

  5. Local Economic Development in Argentina: Labour insertion and enterprise promotion : Activating development

    10 August 2007

    LED Story No. 8