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Flaw (557, 558, 559,-666)

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Keywords: Flaw
Total judgments found: 241

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  • Judgment 1980


    89th Session, 2000
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 5 & 10

    Extract:

    "The complainants contend that Judgment 1663 was not properly executed. According to a general principle, a judgment ordinarily affects only the parties to the suit and applies only to the issues raised in it. [...] The complainants were not parties to the proceedings that led to Judgment 1663 and so are not entitled to benefit from it unless they can invoke some special ground." The complainants were unable to do so. Therefore the Tribunal found that, "having no locus standi to apply for the execution of Judgment 1663, the complainants cannot plead that the execution of the judgment was formally flawed."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1663

    Keywords:

    execution of judgment; flaw; formal flaw; general principle; judgment of the tribunal; locus standi; receivability of the complaint; res judicata; same cause of action; same parties;



  • Judgment 1977


    89th Session, 2000
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "[The complainant] argues that because the Tribunal found in Judgment 1763 that the Director of the Division of Personnel should not have both collected evidence at the investigation stage and sat as chairman of the Joint Disciplinary Board at the deliberative stage, the consequence must be that any evidence collected in that flawed process must be forever tainted [...] The complainant is wrong. Judgment 1763 did not find that the investigation process was itself flawed but made it clear that the manner in which it had been carried out in part by a person who was also Chairman of the Joint Disciplinary Board vitiated the latter's deliberative functions. The evidence itself remained both admissible and relevant and as long as both the [Office of Internal Audit and Evaluation Support] and the ad hoc panel offered the complainant full opportunity to comment on and respond to it, which they did, the complainant has no legitimate grounds for objecting thereto."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1763

    Keywords:

    admissibility of evidence; appraisal of evidence; disciplinary procedure; evidence; flaw; inquiry; safeguard;



  • Judgment 1973


    89th Session, 2000
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal has always held that personal promotion constitutes advancement on merit to reward someone for services of a quality higher than that ordinarily expected of the holder of the post. The granting of personal promotion is a discretionary decision which, as firm precedent has it, is subject to only limited review and will stand unless it shows a fatal flaw. In a case such as the present one, in which the general rules regarding personal promotions have been adopted and communicated to the staff, the appointing authority is bound by these rules and the Tribunal will consider any violation of them to be a fatal flaw."

    Keywords:

    breach; case law; discretion; executive head; flaw; judicial review; limits; patere legem; personal promotion; promotion;



  • Judgment 1968


    89th Session, 2000
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 17 and 18

    Extract:

    "In the present case, the President sought, but failed to obtain, the Promotion Board's approval for his proposal to promote Mr C. While the President clearly has a residual discretion not to make promotions which the Board recommends, he may only make promotions in accordance with the Board's recommendations. Since the Board declined to recommend Mr C. for promotion, his promotion was irregular. [...] Furthermore, as the appointing authority, it was clearly inappropriate for the President, having urged the Promotion Board to treat Mr C. as a special case, to then disregard the Board's refusal to recommend the promotion. The decision cannot stand."

    Keywords:

    advisory opinion; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; discretion; exception; executive head; flaw; promotion; promotion board; refusal;



  • Judgment 1893


    88th Session, 2000
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    By its Judgment 1814 the Tribunal set aside the decision rejecting the complainant's appeal and sent the case back to the organization. The Tribunal considers that "Judgment 1814 did not imply that his case succeeded on the merits; its sole objective was to send the case back to [the organization]'s competent bodies so that a lawful decision could be taken."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1814

    Keywords:

    case sent back to organisation; decision; decision quashed; due process; flaw; internal appeal; judgment of the tribunal; organisation's duties; purport; remand;



  • Judgment 1892


    88th Session, 2000
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    By its Judgment 1814 the Tribunal set aside the decision rejecting the complainant's appeal and sent the case back to the organisation. The Tribunal considers that "it was appropriate to resume the procedure by referring the matter back to the Joint Committee for Disputes because it was the unlawful nature of the latter's opinion that led to the quashing of the decision. However, proper execution of the judgment did not necessarily imply recognition that the complainant's appeal was sound: all that was required was a new decision taken after due process."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1814

    Keywords:

    application for execution; case sent back to organisation; decision; decision quashed; due process; execution of judgment; flaw; internal appeal; internal appeals body; judgment of the tribunal; organisation's duties; purport; remand; report;



  • Judgment 1881


    87th Session, 1999
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 20 and 21

    Extract:

    "The organization argues that the supervisor's unflattering comments to the Reports Board concerning the complainant 'had nothing to do with the quality of his work during the period being reviewed by the Board'. Even if it were true, the submission is beside the point. Prejudicial comments made to a body advising the decision-maker by one of the parties to a dispute are often irrelevant to the actual substance of the dispute. They are nonetheless prejudicial. If such comments are made, an opportunity must be given to the other party to respond to them. By failing to do this the Reports Board breached its duty of fairness. The report of the Reports Board being vitiated, the decision of the Director-General which is based upon such report cannot stand and must be quashed."

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; bias; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; equity; flaw; injury; performance report; period; procedural flaw; supervisor; work appraisal;



  • Judgment 1878


    87th Session, 1999
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 31

    Extract:

    "It is not acceptable that the organization, in defending this complaint, disclaims all responsibility for any alleged shortcomings of the Appeals Board."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; flaw; internal appeal; internal appeals body; liability; organisation's duties; procedural flaw; procedure; reply;



  • Judgment 1789


    86th Session, 1999
    European Southern Observatory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "[The Organisation] rejected [the complainant's application] on the grounds that he was overqualified [for the job put up for competition]. Such grounds are wrong in law. Yet they are the only ones on which the [organisation] rejected the complainant, purporting to act under R II 1.03 [of the Staff Regulations]. It thereby denied the complainant his right to apply and to have his application properly considered. There was breach of equal treatment."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE R II 1.03 OF THE STAFF REGULATIONS

    Keywords:

    breach; candidate; competition; complaint allowed; criteria; discretion; equal treatment; flaw; grounds; procedure; rejected permanently; right; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1787


    86th Session, 1999
    International Organization for Migration
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 10 and 11

    Extract:

    "The qualifications expected may be just 'desirable', not requirements binding in law. But the appointing authority is not free on that account [...] to disregard the fact that some do qualify and to plump for the very one who does not, even one who in other respects has the right experience and skills. [...] Here the Organization picked someone wanting in listed qualifications which, though said to be only 'desirable', were in fact essential. It thereby fell short of the standards of objectiveness and openness that must govern appointment to a senior post in an international organisation. The process of selection cannot stand [...]" (See Judgment 1595, under 10.)

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1595

    Keywords:

    appointment; candidate; competition; competition cancelled; complaint allowed; condition; criteria; discretion; flaw; post; post description; procedure; professional experience; qualifications; vacancy notice;



  • Judgment 1779


    85th Session, 1998
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal will review the [restructuring] process insofar as it may involve personal prejudice, abuse of authority or similar defects. But it is not for the Tribunal to decide what a normal procedure' for restructuring might be."

    Keywords:

    bias; discretion; flaw; judicial review; limits; misuse of authority; reorganisation;



  • Judgment 1730


    84th Session, 1998
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    "Like any other organisation in the United Nations system, the FAO has a duty to ensure that its staff attain the highest standards of efficiency and technical competence. The arrangements made with the Chinese government up to 1992 prevented the Organization from exercising its own discretion about the level of competence of Chinese recruits. The fact that the arrangements have ceased is to be welcomed and any surviving anomalies should be corrected, not perpetuated."

    Keywords:

    appointment; discretion; flaw; independence; organisation; procedure;



  • Judgment 1713


    84th Session, 1998
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "In choosing figures of local pay for the purpose of applying Flemming there can be no single hard-and-fast approach. As was held in Judgment 1265, the [ICSC] must be allowed some discretion over method, even though the Tribunal will still review the exercise of it. The decision impugned may not stand if, say, it overlooks or misconstrues some particular factor, or if some method is applied for the wilful contrivance of lower figures of local pay, or if corners are cut for the sake of saving time, but to the detriment of staff interests."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1265

    Keywords:

    case sent back to organisation; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; discretion; disregard of essential fact; flaw; flemming principle; icsc decision; judicial review; mistake of fact; mistaken conclusion; misuse of authority; salary;



  • Judgment 1700


    84th Session, 1998
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 27

    Extract:

    Discretion to determine whether there are exceptional circumstances to warrant waver of the time limits for internal appeal is vested in the Joint Appeals Board. "It is the Board's decision which is relevant, and the question does not arise of substituting the Tribunal's opinion for the Board's. Only if there is some fatal flaw in the Board's decision may the Tribunal intervene."

    Keywords:

    decision; exception; flaw; internal appeal; internal appeals body; judicial review; limits; report; time limit;



  • Judgment 1634


    83rd Session, 1997
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 17

    Extract:

    "If the Director-General had really intended to employ the complainant as a supernumerary he ought to have given him a contract which complied with the Staff Rules and Regulations. He did not. The contract was therefore not one for supernumerary employment even though that was the label it bore."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; contract; flaw; intention of parties; offer; organisation's duties; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1595


    82nd Session, 1997
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    "Though the qualifications stated in a notice of vacancy are not absolutely binding and the Director General may still exercise some discretion, he may not so utterly discard them as to flout the rules that ensure the proper openness and objectivity of the competition."

    Keywords:

    appointment; competition; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; criteria; decision quashed; discretion; executive head; flaw; limits; vacancy notice;



  • Judgment 1565


    82nd Session, 1997
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "The complainant argues that since it was unlawful to have no staff representative on the Selection Committee its recommendation too was unlawful. [...] But since the provisions on the membership of the Committee are not binding, and if no staff representative chooses to attend, that cannot have the effect of invalidating its recommendations."

    Keywords:

    advisory body; composition; flaw; promotion; promotion board; recommendation; staff representative;



  • Judgment 1549


    81st Session, 1996
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "Whether [the complainant who is now retired] still has any interest in the quashing of someone else's appointment is moot; but he still has an interest in exposing a breach of due process which may warrant an award of damages: see Judgment 729 [...]."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 729

    Keywords:

    appointment; candidate; cause of action; claim moot; compensation; competition; due process; flaw; internal candidate; post; procedural flaw; receivability of the complaint; retirement;



  • Judgment 1548


    81st Session, 1996
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 21

    Extract:

    The grounds for non-renewal being deterioration from 1990 in the complainant's performance and conduct, "the burden is on the Organization to show that its decision rested upon proper appraisal of the complainant's performance. [...] All the reports up to September 1990 having been satisfactory, the Organization's failure to have proper appraisal reports made since then is a flaw in the decision."

    Keywords:

    breach; burden of proof; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; conduct; contract; decision; decision quashed; different appraisals; flaw; non-renewal of contract; organisation's duties; performance report; period; procedural flaw; rating; unsatisfactory service; work appraisal;



  • Judgment 1547


    81st Session, 1996
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 12, 13 and 14

    Extract:

    "The EPO had no formal agreement with the union about facilities such as the distribution of a summons to a meeting. But it admitted to the Appeals Committee that its consistent practice since 1992 had been to distribute any unsealed unofficial internal mail, whether private or not, save any text containing a personal attack on someone. Was such usage binding in law? [...] The plain expectation of the staff was that the EPO would deliver notices from their union without let or hindrance." Therefore the complaints succeed.

    Keywords:

    binding character; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; discretion; facilities; flaw; freedom of association; freedom of speech; judicial review; limits; organisation's duties; practice; staff union; staff union activity;

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "Precedent has it that an organisation has some latitude in affording facilities to a staff union and its decisions are not subject to judicial review. That is not so, however, where it is charged with breach of freedom of association. The Tribunal will indeed interfere if the effect of the impugned decision is to hamper the freedom of speech that any union must enjoy. Refusal to deliver invitations to a union meeting is unquestionably a breach of the privacy of mail and of the freedom of speech that is part and parcel of freedom of association."

    Keywords:

    case law; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; discretion; facilities; flaw; freedom of association; freedom of speech; judicial review; limits; staff union; staff union activity;

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Last updated: 22.11.2019 ^ top