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Moral injury (50,-666)

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Keywords: Moral injury
Total judgments found: 189

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  • Judgment 2324


    97th Session, 2004
    Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "A decision to place a senior officer on leave with or without pay pending a review of his or her performance is one that inevitably affects that person's dignity and good name and, moreover, it is one that will almost certainly carry adverse consequences for his or her career. Where, as here, the decision is unlawful, the person concerned is entitled to compensation. However, the measure of compensation may vary according to whether, on the one hand, the decision might otherwise properly have been taken in the circumstances or, on the other, whether it appears to have been taken for an improper purpose." [See consideration 18 for the Tribunal's appreciation of the purpose.]

    Keywords:

    amount; career; compensation; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; grounds; misuse of authority; moral injury; proportionality; respect for dignity; special leave; unpaid leave; work appraisal;



  • Judgment 2306


    96th Session, 2004
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 10 and 15

    Extract:

    As a general rule, damages for breach of contract, including wrongful termination of a contract of employment, are confined to the amount necessary to put the injured party in the position he or she would have enjoyed if the contract had been performed. Thus, ordinarily, in the case of wrongful termination, an employee is entitled to material damages consisting of salary and entitlements up to the date on which the contract would normally have expired. In this case "the Appeals Committee found that 'the [complainant's] dignity had been harmed by the administrative procedure leading to termination and that some redress for the material and moral injury he suffered [was] warranted' [...]. Notwithstanding that finding, the Committee only recommended payment of an amount equivalent to salary and allowances until the end of the complainant's fixed-term contract. As already explained, he was entitled to that amount for material damage. Thus, the effect of the recommendation of the Appeals Committee was to deny the complainant compensation for moral injury notwithstanding its finding that his dignity had been harmed. That was an error of law and, as the Director-General's decision was based on the recommendations of the Appeals Committee, it necessarily involves the same error of law."

    Keywords:

    allowance; amount; breach; compensation; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; consequence; contract; decision; effect; executive head; fixed-term; general principle; internal appeals body; international civil servant; material injury; misuse of authority; moral injury; procedure; recommendation; reconstruction of career; respect for dignity; right; salary; same; termination;

    Consideration 21

    Extract:

    "Given the unsatisfactory nature of the administrative processes which led to the early termination of the complainant's contract and, in particular, the lack of due process, the want of transparency and the 'unreasonably brief' nature of those processes, [...] the complainant should be awarded moral damages in the amount of 5,000 United States dollars."

    Keywords:

    amount; breach; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; contract; moral damages; moral injury; procedural flaw; procedure; right; right to reply; termination;



  • Judgment 2222


    95th Session, 2003
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 5 and 6

    Extract:

    "The decisive factor behind the request for the complainant's diplomatic immunity to be waived [...] was not brought to the complainant's knowledge. That might have given him a chance to identify his accusers and, if need be, armed with that knowledge, to explain to his hierarchical superiors the reasons for the serious charges brought against him, before the decision was taken to waive his diplomatic immunity [...] by virtue of the right to information recognised by the tribunal's case law, particularly Judgment 1756, the organization, which held information that was so important to the complainant, had an obligation to bring it to his knowledge. It may be concluded from the above that the organization violated the complainant's right to be informed and injured his dignity and reputation."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1756

    Keywords:

    breach; case law; complainant; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; consequence; decision; duty to inform; elements; judgment of the tribunal; moral injury; organisation's duties; privileges and immunities; request by a party; respect for dignity; right; right to reply; supervisor; waiver of immunity;



  • Judgment 2184


    94th Session, 2003
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 9

    Extract:

    "It is the essence of secondment that the official concerned shall return to and resume his employment with the releasing organisation upon expiry of the agreed term. Since he was aware of such terms of employment, the complainant cannot be entitled to moral or compensatory damages."

    Keywords:

    allowance; fixed-term; general principle; moral damages; moral injury; refusal; request by a party; secondment; staff member's duties; terms of appointment;



  • Judgment 2170


    94th Session, 2003
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    The Organisation decided to withhold the complainant's salary increment. It failed to respond either to her initial request for review of the decision or to her subsequent appeal to the appeal board. "Since she succeeds in part, the complainant is entitled to moral damages which are aggravated by the [Organisation's] wholly unacceptable treatment of her internal appeal."

    Keywords:

    absence of final decision; delay; failure to answer claim; injury; internal appeal; moral damages; moral injury;



  • Judgment 2116


    92nd Session, 2002
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    "The [organization] was cavalier in the way in which it informed [the complainant] of what was to become of the selection process. For the complainant it was particularly important that she be informed promptly whether she could expect to be appointed, so that she could start to look for another job if need be. She contends, and the [organization] does not demur, that she had the more reason to be optimistic as she had been told unofficially that of all the applicants, she stood the best chance of being appointed. In these circumstances, the [organization] ought to have [informed] her [...] that reclassification was a serious possibility for the post in question. But it did not [...] thereafter, when a decision was taken [...] to withdraw the vacancy announcement, the organization should have informed the candidates immediately. [...] The complainant was so informed in writing [...] nearly four months later. Even if [...] she was informed by telephone [...] written notification was nonetheless an obligation. The complainant's personal interests have undoubtedly been harmed and some redress for the material and moral injury she suffered is warranted [...]."

    Keywords:

    appointment; assignment; candidate; competition; competition cancelled; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; date of notification; delay; duty to inform; material damages; material injury; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; post; post classification; procedure; staff member's interest; time limit; vacancy notice;



  • Judgment 2100


    92nd Session, 2002
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal points out that an allegation of harassment must be borne out by specific facts, the burden of proof being on the person who pleads it, and that an accumulation of events over time may be cited to support an allegation of harassment (see for example Judgment 2067, [...], under 5 and 16)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 2067

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; evidence; moral injury; respect for dignity;

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    "As to the remarks [the complainant] attributes to the chair of the Staff Union Committee and the quarrel she says arose between herself and a member of the staff union about union matters, the Tribunal endorses the Director's response to her that "the administration could not act without interfering in union matters"."

    Keywords:

    moral injury; organisation's duties; staff union; staff union activity;



  • Judgment 2058


    91st Session, 2001
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The complainant asks that the defendant be ordered to publish a denial of the accusations made in [a flash published by the staff union]. It is not, however, for the Tribunal to issue such an injunction."

    Keywords:

    claim; competence of tribunal; moral injury; publication; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity; staff union;

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "The [Organization] is right to object to the receivability of [the complaintant's] claim to the quashing of the invitation to him to write letters of apology. Although one of a set of measures devised by the organization in an attempt to put an end to this regrettable affair, the 'invitation' does not constitute, contrary to what the complainant asserts, a decision that can be set aside. If, however, the measure was proved to be excessive, as the complainant contends it is, his claim to compensation for moral injury arising from the affront to his dignity could be justified." (This is not the case here: see consideration 14.)

    Keywords:

    claim; complaint; decision; decision quashed; moral damages; moral injury; proposal; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1927


    88th Session, 2000
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    "While the complaint may seem to show no cause of action, since the decision to suspend him has been revoked, the measure did have material - although not financial - and particularly moral consequences during the period for which it was in effect. Certain of the complainant's duties were withdrawn, although he continued to receive full pay. In these conditions, the complaint does still show cause for action [...]."

    Keywords:

    cause of action; consequence; decision; injury; material injury; moral injury; receivability of the complaint; suspension; withdrawal of decision;



  • Judgment 1875


    87th Session, 1999
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 32

    Extract:

    "An international organisation is liable for the material and moral damages resulting from the injury caused to a staff member by his superior (acting in the course of his duties and not in a private capacity) by treatment that is an affront to the staff member's personal and professional dignity (Judgment 1609 [...]); and for victimisation consequent upon improper treatment (Judgment 1376 [...]). A staff member is entitled to have his good name vindicated by the organisation when a superior makes false allegations against him and to redress for the harm caused ([see] Judgment[s] 1340 [and] 1344 [...]). When a third party makes false allegations against a staff member, the organisation should communicate its view that the allegations are without foundation (Judgment 1376 [...])."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1340, 1344, 1376, 1609

    Keywords:

    compensation; complaint allowed; injury; liability; material damages; material injury; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; supervisor;



  • Judgment 1804


    86th Session, 1999
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 12, 13 and 14

    Extract:

    The promotion of Mr C., presented as the fulfilment of a promise made to him on recruitment, gave rise to a decision adopted on 7 December 1994. "Only that decision was notified to the staff. So the complainants, who were unaware of the promise, were in good faith in challenging the promotion on the grounds that it was in breach of the Rule it actually cited. So they were right in saying that Mr C. had been promoted to A4 even though he did not fully qualify under the [relevant] rules [...]. Because of the unusual circumstances in which Mr C. was promoted the complainants were also right to challenge the decision: the [Organization] had on the face of it failed to observe the general principle of equal treatment because in promoting Mr C. it did not abide by the requirements of the Service Regulations or by the criteria for promotion to which the complainants were themselves subject. The conclusion is that the complainants did suffer moral injury and each of them is entitled under that head to [compensation]".

    Keywords:

    appointment; breach; cause of action; complaint allowed in part; condition; decision; equal treatment; general principle; good faith; grade; injury; moral damages; moral injury; promise; promotion; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1757


    85th Session, 1998
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "In processing, ordering and notifying transfer an organisation must heed the staff member's dignity and good name and not cause undue injury."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1496

    Keywords:

    decision; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; transfer;



  • Judgment 1752


    85th Session, 1998
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The complainant's wife, who was a member of the staff of the International Labour Office committed suicide. Among other things, the complainant seeks awards of damages for the moral injury suffered by his wife as well as by his son and himself. "[The complainant] has access to the Tribunal under Article II(6) of its Statute only as the successor to any rights his wife may have had, since she alone was an official of the ILO. He may claim damages only for moral injury he says she suffered in its employ because of its failure to treat her with due care or for whatever other reason."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT reference: ARTICLE II(6) OF THE STATUTE OF THE TRIBUNAL

    Keywords:

    claim; duty of care; iloat statute; injury; locus standi; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity; service-incurred; status of complainant; successor;



  • Judgment 1619


    83rd Session, 1997
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "When a staff member makes charges as serious as sexual harassment an organisation must do its utmost to afford protection. But it must at the same time carry out a full and proper inquiry that respects the rights of the accused. Here the WHO obviously failed to do so. Instead it originally preferred to let the Tribunal rule without adducing evidence that might have proved material. It thereby erred, and the complainant is entitled to redress on that account."

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; harassment; inquiry; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; right to reply;



  • Judgment 1614


    82nd Session, 1997
    International Fund for Agricultural Development
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "Contrary to what the complainant alleges, the reasons for abolishing her post were objective and had nothing to do with her own personality or performance. The decision cast no slight on her integrity and was no affront to her dignity. Her supervisors kept her informed orally and in writing about the progress of the reforms and about her own status. They thereby showed a wish to prepare her for the consequences and no bad faith may be imputed to them. The conclusion is that the defendant caused her no unnecessary or undue injury."

    Keywords:

    abolition of post; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; duty to inform; good faith; lack of injury; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1609


    82nd Session, 1997
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    "An international organisation is liable for the injury a staff member may cause in the performance of duty, and that includes injury to other members of staff. [...] An organisation will of course not be liable for private misconduct of an employee that has no link with the performance of duty. But misconduct in the context of employment is another matter. When someone whom the organisation has appointed to act as supervisor or director commits an abuse of authority, the subordinate who suffers injury thereby is entitled to damages."

    Keywords:

    compensation; complainant; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; condition; conduct; injury; liability; misconduct; misuse of authority; moral injury; organisation; supervisor;

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal holds that each of the complainants suffered treatment that was an affront to her personal and professional dignity. It was inadmissible for one of its officers, in this case a man, to make a habit of addressing women subordinates in language that was blatantly coarse and lascivious. What is more it offended against [an ILO circular], which seeks to ensure - to use its own words - a safe and healthful working environment free from sexual harassment and intimidation'. The whole drift of the evidence before the tribunal is that someone on whom the ILO had conferred much authority saw rough language and rough behaviour as not incompatible with his exercise of it. They were therefore part and parcel of the performance of his duties, and on that account the Organization is liable."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; condition; conduct; injury; liability; misconduct; moral injury; organisation; respect for dignity; supervisor;



  • Judgment 1558


    81st Session, 1996
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    "Mr. V., who defended the complainant before the Disciplinary Committee, has filed an application to intervene in the complaint on the grounds that the EPO has harmed his good name by making false, defamatory and insulting remarks about him in its surrejoinder. That matter falls outside the scope of the complaint before the Tribunal, whose ruling can have no bearing on Mr. V.'s grievance. His application is therefore disallowed."

    Keywords:

    complaint; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision; decision quashed; effect; intervention; moral injury; organisation's duties; request by a party; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1526


    81st Session, 1996
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    "An organisation owes its staff a general duty of care, and must not cause them undue hardship. A case of non-renewal is no exception. The duty may entail avoidance or reduction of injury that termination may cause [...] at least when it was not a short-term appointment, when the record of service was long, and when the official had reasonable expectations of making a career in the organisation."

    Keywords:

    career; contract; duration of appointment; general principle; injury; international civil servant; legitimate expectation; moral injury; non-renewal of contract; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; short-term;



  • Judgment 1525


    81st Session, 1996
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "The breach of due process [that tainted the decision not to renew the complainant's appointment] caused him moral injury that warrants redress. But he has sufficient redress in the award of full pay from the date of his departure without having had to provide any services in return [the Tribunal cites the case law]".

    Keywords:

    case law; case sent back to organisation; compensation; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; date; decision; decision quashed; moral damages; moral injury; non-renewal of contract; procedural flaw; reinstatement; salary;



  • Judgment 1516


    81st Session, 1996
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    The complainant seeks "damages for the material and moral injury she has sustained on account of UNESCO's refusal to take up her claim. The Tribunal is satisfied on the evidence that the defendant has been guilty of wrongful dilatoriness and shifts of position. It will award her damages for moral injury on that count, and in the light of all the circumstances of the case it sets the amount ex aequo et bono at 5,000 dollars."

    Keywords:

    administrative delay; case sent back to organisation; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; internal appeal; material damages; moral damages; moral injury; procedure;

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Last updated: 19.09.2019 ^ top