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Written rule (215, 230, 227, 228, 231,-666)

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Keywords: Written rule
Total judgments found: 101

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  • Judgment 2228


    95th Session, 2003
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The Staff Committee, which is a statutory body of the organisation, made the facilities derived from its access to the organisation's internal electronic mail system available to the Staff Union. Its access to the system was withdrawn. "The organisation [submits that] the facilities offered to the Staff Committee cannot be made available to the Staff Union without creating confusion with regard to the attribution of roles and responsibilities, even if those in charge of one of these bodies are also, or may be, in charge of the other. This does not mean to say that the unions should not be provided with certain facilities by the organisations. On the contrary, their freedom of expression should not be hampered, as indicated by the Tribunal in Judgment 1547, [...] and unions must clearly be provided with sufficient facilities, within the framework of negotiated agreements or, if need be, administrative regulations, to enable them to carry on their activities. It is legitimate, however, for the organisation to ensure that the facilities made available to a body officially representing the staff as a whole are not misused for the benefit of a union, or any other body having its own assets and representing only part of the staff."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1547

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; case law; collective bargaining; facilities; freedom of speech; grounds; liability; limits; organisation's duties; purpose; refusal; staff representative; staff union; staff union activity; staff union agreement; written rule;



  • Judgment 2194


    94th Session, 2003
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6(a)

    Extract:

    "The right to equal treatment requires that situations which are the same or similar be governed by the same rules and that dissimilar situations be governed by rules that take account of the dissimilarity. The authority, which is required to give equal treatment to dissimilar situations, has a broad discretion in adopting rules that take into account that dissimilarity (see Judgment 1990, under 7)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1990

    Keywords:

    definition; difference; discretion; equal treatment; right; written rule;



  • Judgment 2174


    94th Session, 2003
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    The complainant "may not in any event rely on the provisions of an administrative circular which does not apply to him."

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; applicable law; provision; status of complainant; written rule;



  • Judgment 2170


    94th Session, 2003
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 14

    Extract:

    "An international organisation has a duty to comply with its own internal rules and to conduct its affairs in a way that allows its employees to rely on the fact that these will be followed."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; enforcement; official; organisation's duties; staff regulations and rules; written rule;

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    The Organisation withheld the complainant's salary increment on the grounds that more time was needed to assess her performance. The Tribunal concludes from the relevant provisions that "the requirement that an annual performance report be established prior to the scheduled date of the annual salary increment is a formal one. The salary increment [...] was not preceded by an evaluation [...] it is the Organisation's responsibility to see to it that [an annual performance] report is prepared on time. a staff member's right to an increment cannot be defeated by the organisation's failure to comply with its own rules."

    Keywords:

    applicable law; binding character; breach; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; consequence; date; grounds; increase; increment; increment withheld; official; organisation; organisation's duties; performance report; provision; refusal; right; salary; time limit; written rule;



  • Judgment 2129


    93rd Session, 2002
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The complainants [state] that, according to the Tribunal's case law (see Judgment 1821, for example), adjustments to international civil servants' salaries must satisfy objective criteria of stability, foreseeability and transparency. The Tribunal considers that this line of precedent - concerning the determination of staff salaries, which is necessarily governed by very strict rules - is not entirely applicable to the determination of allowances granted for a specific purpose, such as that of covering expenses incurred by staff members on travel status. Even if it claims to be acting in the exercise of its discretion, and although the legal framework surrounding its action remains vague or non-existent, the administration must base its decisions on objective considerations and avoid breaching any of the guarantees protecting the independence of international civil servants."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1821

    Keywords:

    adjustment; allowance; analogy; breach; case law; compensatory allowance; compensatory measure; criteria; decision; discretion; duty to substantiate decision; grounds; independence; no provision; official; official travel; organisation's duties; purpose; safeguard; salary; travel expenses; written rule;



  • Judgment 2125


    93rd Session, 2002
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 5 and 6

    Extract:

    The complainant's request to have his contract extended beyond retirement age was not allowed. "On the merits, the Agency is undoubtedly right in pointing out that the Director General has discretion in the matter, over which the Tribunal has only a limited power of review. This discretion enables the Agency to depart from the rule governing the normal age of retirement. [...] Although the Director General can determine the interest of the Agency, his decisions must be based on clear and coherent reasons. In this case, the reason given - that the request for an extension contained no indication as to whether any of the criteria [on the basis of which he may authorise such an extension] had been satisfied - is not valid, and the reason based on 'rejuvenation' of the staff is too general to constitute a sufficient justification for the refusal of the complainant's request." The Tribunal considers that "this reason is not in itself reprehensible, but it could be used to justify a systematic refusal to depart from the rule governing the normal age of retirement. [By setting out the criteria] the [Agency] established for itself a number of rules which it must apply."

    Keywords:

    age limit; complaint allowed; contract; criteria; decision; definition; discretion; exception; executive head; extension beyond retirement age; grounds; iloat; judicial review; official; organisation; organisation's duties; organisation's interest; patere legem; refusal; request by a party; retirement; written rule;



  • Judgment 2095


    92nd Session, 2002
    Surveillance Authority of the European Free Trade Association
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The determination of salary scales is discretionary [and] must be exercised within a framework of rules drawn from both the relevant statutory provisions and the general principles of clarity, stability and foreseeability defined in the case law (see, for example, Judgment 1821)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1821

    Keywords:

    case law; complaint allowed; definition; discretion; general principle; iloat; limits; organisation; salary; scale; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 2082


    92nd Session, 2002
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    "It is trite law to state that time limits cannot be presumed but must be either expressly stated or so clearly implied from the context as to leave no room for doubt."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; definition; express decision; implied decision; time limit; written rule;



  • Judgment 2073


    91st Session, 2001
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 17

    Extract:

    The organisation modernized the Patent Office examination data management system. Consequently, superiors had access to individual examiner's data. The organisation failed to follow its own rules by delaying the adoption of a rule on data protection. "While the complainants have not shown any prejudicial consequences, the Tribunal nevertheless will sanction the [organisation]'s breach by a nominal global award of damages amounting to 1,000 German marks and a global award for costs amounting to 2,000 euros."

    Keywords:

    administrative delay; amount; breach; complainant; complaint allowed; costs; damages; injury; lack of evidence; organisation's duties; supervisor; written rule;



  • Judgment 2069


    91st Session, 2001
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    The complainant, whose duty station is The Hague, assisted a colleague at an appeals committee hearing in Berlin, as allowed by the Service Regulations. He asks for an additional day's leave to compensate for the day's leave he had to take to go to Berlin. "Neither the texts cited, nor the defendant's arguments, nor the circumstances of the case afford proper grounds for the assertion that the complainant had to deduct a day from his annual leave in order to assent to his colleague's request for assistance."

    Keywords:

    annual leave; compensatory leave; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; duty station; internal appeals body; procedure before the tribunal; request by a party; staff regulations and rules; staff representative; written rule;



  • Judgment 2066


    91st Session, 2001
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "There is breach of equal treatment only where staff members in an identical or comparable position in fact and in law receive different treatment from the organisation. Consequently, the right to equal treatment does not preclude amendment of a rule or the way in which it is applied. A new rule could be less favourable than the old one, and hence be subject to challenge, without necessarily impairing the right to equal treatment."

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; breach; definition; difference; enforcement; equal treatment; general principle; right; same; written rule;



  • Judgment 2018


    90th Session, 2001
    Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    The complainant's appointment was not confirmed after a probationary period and his employment was terminated before the expiry of his fixed-term contract. "The Tribunal finds that the Staff Regulations, Rules and Administrative Directives in force at the time do not contain specific provisions for the non-confirmation of fixed-term appointments during or at the end of a probationary period. The provisions relating to the termination of fixed-term appointments without probationary periods therefore apply."

    Keywords:

    administrative instruction; analogy; applicable law; complaint allowed in part; contract; fixed-term; no provision; probationary period; refusal; staff regulations and rules; termination of employment; written rule;



  • Judgment 2006


    90th Session, 2001
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 10

    Extract:

    The complainant contends that based on a recently published circular, his promotion should have been made retroactive to the date he took up his new duties. "However, to give retroactive effect to [the] circular would not be possible since according to customary methods of interpretation any action prescribed in a text is deemed to be of immediate effect. There is no presumption of retroactive effect.' (Judgment 742 [...]). Indeed, there can be no retroactive application of the rights sought by the complainant, and his status results only from the publication of the circular in question. The charge of arbitrariness would be tenable if there were no basis for applying the circular to the case of the complainant, but, as shown above, the scope of the text explicitly covered his situation."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 742

    Keywords:

    bias; date; effective date; general principle; interpretation; non-retroactivity; promotion; publication; right; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1979


    89th Session, 2000
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5(H)

    Extract:

    "The rule against retroactivity prevents an organisation from applying retroactively to staff a rule which is unfavourable to them. In order to determine whether a measure is unfavourable its overall effects must be assessed."

    Keywords:

    general principle; non-retroactivity; written rule;



  • Judgment 1897


    88th Session, 2000
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11 A)

    Extract:

    "In keeping with the rule that similar acts require similar procedures, the modification of a rule - including allowing an exception - must respect the same process which was used for its adoption."

    Keywords:

    amendment to the rules; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; exception; formal requirements; general principle; provision; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1851


    87th Session, 1999
    International Telecommunication Union
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    The organization rejected the complainant's application for a temporary job covering the duties he had performed until then under short-term contracts. The defendant contends that the decision was based on its practice which established an age limit. "It is a well-established principle that the existence of written law does not need to be proved: the presumption juris et de jure assumes cognisance of written law. However, non-written rules have to be proved by those who invoke them. In the material case, the Tribunal has not found the slightest proof of the alleged practice. It cannot decide on a rule whose existence has not been proven. The absence of proof as to the existence of the rule invoked by the union means that its decision has no legal basis."

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; complaint allowed; duty to be informed; duty to know the rules; ignorance of the rules; practice; presumption; written rule;



  • Judgment 1820


    86th Session, 1999
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 2

    Extract:

    "Where a rule is cast in more than one official language and no one version is to prevail, all versions shall be deemed to bear the same meaning and the right construction shall be the one that respects the draftsman's intent and best reconciles them". The Tribunal cites the case law.

    Keywords:

    authentic version; case law; interpretation; purpose; subsidiary; written rule;



  • Judgment 1755


    85th Session, 1998
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "[A]ny ambiguity in the Regulations the [Organisation] has issued should be construed contra proferentem and in favour of the staff."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; interpretation; organisation's interest; pension; staff member's interest; staff regulations and rules; written rule;



  • Judgment 1720


    84th Session, 1998
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    "A strong line of precedent has it that time limits, though necessary in law, are not supposed to set traps: they are to be applied with the good faith that must govern relations between an international organisation and its staff."

    Keywords:

    good faith; internal appeal; interpretation; procedure before the tribunal; time limit; written rule;



  • Judgment 1662


    83rd Session, 1997
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 20

    Extract:

    "There is no general rule requiring the [CERN Pension] Fund to pay interest on the transfer value [of pension entitlements]. So the Fund was free to rely on the text of its own rules, which do not expressly provide for interest, and on consistent practice."

    Keywords:

    cern pension fund; general principle; interest on damages; lump-sum; pension; pension entitlements; practice; transfer of pension rights; written rule;

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Last updated: 02.07.2020 ^ top