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Respect for dignity (205, 206,-666)

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Keywords: Respect for dignity
Total judgments found: 115

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  • Judgment 2060


    91st Session, 2001
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7(a)

    Extract:

    "The complainant alleges that the decision not to shortlist him was not adequately explained. But the plea cannot succeed. Precedent has it that when an organisation informs candidates that they have been unsuccessful, it must take care not to harm their prospects. Moreover, in announcing the results of a competition and, more generally when the administration has to choose between several candidates, as here, the reasons for the choice need not be given at the same time as the decision. It is enough for the reasons to be given in some later procedure (see Judgments 1990 and 2035 and the others cited therein)."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1990, 2035

    Keywords:

    candidate; case law; competition; decision; duty to substantiate decision; grounds; organisation's duties; refusal; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 2058


    91st Session, 2001
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The complainant asks that the defendant be ordered to publish a denial of the accusations made in [a flash published by the staff union]. It is not, however, for the Tribunal to issue such an injunction."

    Keywords:

    claim; competence of tribunal; moral injury; publication; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity; staff union;

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "The [Organization] is right to object to the receivability of [the complaintant's] claim to the quashing of the invitation to him to write letters of apology. Although one of a set of measures devised by the organization in an attempt to put an end to this regrettable affair, the 'invitation' does not constitute, contrary to what the complainant asserts, a decision that can be set aside. If, however, the measure was proved to be excessive, as the complainant contends it is, his claim to compensation for moral injury arising from the affront to his dignity could be justified." (This is not the case here: see consideration 14.)

    Keywords:

    claim; complaint; decision; decision quashed; moral damages; moral injury; proposal; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1972


    89th Session, 2000
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 3 and 4

    Extract:

    The complainant, a director of a department, was made aware of two e-mails which were written in highly indecorous terms and, although private, commented on the running of the department. The Staff Union Committee protested against what it considered to be an invasion of privacy. The complainant did not respect the order to use discretion issued by the Director of Personnel. The Director-General, considering the complainant incapable in his function as Director of a department to maintain a stable and productive working environment, transferred him to a post of special advisor. "As the Tribunal held in Judgment 1018 [...], it is the duty of the head of any international organisation to take whatever measures can reduce tensions among his staff, and a transfer in the interests of the service may be an appropriate way of settling a conflictual situation. [...] However, since it cannot be regarded as disciplinary, the measure must, as the case law prescribes, heed the staff member's dignity and good name and not cause him undue suffering. Clearly, in this case the complainant was bound to view the measure as downgrading him. However, the fact that the organization was at pains to find him an assignment in keeping with his competence if not his wishes, to maintain his grade and to exercise the utmost discretion in dealing with the matter, shows that everything was done to protect his dignity as a senior official."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1018

    Keywords:

    conduct; discretion; downgrading; executive head; hidden disciplinary measure; organisation's interest; respect for dignity; transfer; working relations;



  • Judgment 1875


    87th Session, 1999
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 32

    Extract:

    "An international organisation is liable for the material and moral damages resulting from the injury caused to a staff member by his superior (acting in the course of his duties and not in a private capacity) by treatment that is an affront to the staff member's personal and professional dignity (Judgment 1609 [...]); and for victimisation consequent upon improper treatment (Judgment 1376 [...]). A staff member is entitled to have his good name vindicated by the organisation when a superior makes false allegations against him and to redress for the harm caused ([see] Judgment[s] 1340 [and] 1344 [...]). When a third party makes false allegations against a staff member, the organisation should communicate its view that the allegations are without foundation (Judgment 1376 [...])."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1340, 1344, 1376, 1609

    Keywords:

    compensation; complaint allowed; injury; liability; material damages; material injury; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; supervisor;



  • Judgment 1757


    85th Session, 1998
    European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 4

    Extract:

    "In processing, ordering and notifying transfer an organisation must heed the staff member's dignity and good name and not cause undue injury."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1496

    Keywords:

    decision; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; transfer;



  • Judgment 1752


    85th Session, 1998
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 11

    Extract:

    The complainant's wife, who was a member of the staff of the International Labour Office committed suicide. Among other things, the complainant seeks awards of damages for the moral injury suffered by his wife as well as by his son and himself. "[The complainant] has access to the Tribunal under Article II(6) of its Statute only as the successor to any rights his wife may have had, since she alone was an official of the ILO. He may claim damages only for moral injury he says she suffered in its employ because of its failure to treat her with due care or for whatever other reason."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT reference: ARTICLE II(6) OF THE STATUTE OF THE TRIBUNAL

    Keywords:

    claim; duty of care; iloat statute; injury; locus standi; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; receivability of the complaint; respect for dignity; service-incurred; status of complainant; successor;



  • Judgment 1732


    84th Session, 1998
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    "Where a staff member is as highly placed as was the complainant, so that his views might naturally be taken as those of the Organization, the administration must have the ability to prevent such staff member from degrading its reputation. While there can be no doubt that the Organization has a duty to respect its staff members' professional dignity and reputation, that duty is limited by the Organization's corresponding right to require staff members not to promote policies or theories which it believes to be wrong or mistaken."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; duty of discretion; limits; organisation's duties; organisation's interest; organisation's reputation; respect for dignity; staff member's duties;



  • Judgment 1726


    84th Session, 1998
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 26

    Extract:

    The complainant submits that his transfer was unlawful. He criticizes the administration, notably, for not consulting him. "The complainant's seniority, length of service (virtually all of it on difficult posts in developing countries), the fact that he had only recently been moved [...] and the wholly unnecessary and unjustifiable failure to consult him constitute in the Tribunal's view a serious affront to his dignity and a breach of the Organization's obligation of respect towards him as a member of its staff."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; consultation; decision; injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; transfer;



  • Judgment 1724


    84th Session, 1998
    International Fund for Agricultural Development
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Considerations 11 and 12

    Extract:

    "Article 3.10.4 of [IFAD's] Manual says that a decision to terminate the contract of employment of an official may be taken by the President, 'and the President alone', in the interests of the Fund. So it does vest discretion in the President to end an appointment in the Fund's interest without resort to disciplinary process. [...] Yet the Fund is mistaken [...] that the President has unfettered authority under the provision to cite the Fund's interests as grounds for dismissal. He must set out the facts fully enough to enable the Tribunal to exercise its power of review and to determine objectively whether it is indeed the Fund's interests that are the reason for the dismissal. As was held in Judgments 1234 [...] under 19 and 1496 [...] under 9, although an organization's 'own interests are paramount [...] it must still, for the sake of proper management and mutual confidence, treat its staff fairly."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: ARTICLE 3.10.4 OF IFAD'S MANUAL
    ILOAT Judgment(s): 1234, 1496

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; discretion; duty to substantiate decision; judicial review; limits; organisation's interest; respect for dignity; staff member's interest; staff regulations and rules; termination;



  • Judgment 1680


    84th Session, 1998
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 5

    Extract:

    "Judgment 809 [...] explained just what [UNESCO Staff] Rule 105.2(b) [on special leave with pay] meant. Its wording 'makes it plain that such a decision will be exceptional' [...] the Director-General does have discretion, and the Organization seeks to rely on it, but obviously it does not stretch to breach of the rules or of the general principles that safeguard the dignity of an international civil servant."

    Reference(s)

    Organization rules reference: UNESCO STAFF RULE 105.2(B)
    ILOAT Judgment(s): 809

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; discretion; general principle; refusal to assign work; respect for dignity; special leave; staff regulations and rules;



  • Judgment 1637


    83rd Session, 1997
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 15

    Extract:

    The complainant alleges improper treatment of him by his supervisor. The Tribunal holds that it is "hard to dismiss - as UNIDO does in its surrejoinder - the keen tension between the complainant and his supervisor as 'everyday occurrences in any office' or the effect of 'action taken in the ordinary run of management and likely to make for the degree of stress that any international civil servant is expected to cope with'."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; harassment; injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; service-incurred; supervisor; working conditions;

    Consideration 16 (d)

    Extract:

    The complainant alleges that he has been a victim of harassment by his supervisor. The Tribunal notes that "the conditions the complainant suffered in his last few months of work harmed his health. They caused him injury for which he is entitled to redress. Acting by virtue of Article II, paragraph 2, of its Statute [...]. The Tribunal awards him damages".

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT reference: ARTICLE II(2) OF THE TRIBUNAL'S STATUTE

    Keywords:

    compensation; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; harassment; illness; iloat statute; injury; moral damages; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; service-incurred; working conditions;



  • Judgment 1619


    83rd Session, 1997
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 6

    Extract:

    "When a staff member makes charges as serious as sexual harassment an organisation must do its utmost to afford protection. But it must at the same time carry out a full and proper inquiry that respects the rights of the accused. Here the WHO obviously failed to do so. Instead it originally preferred to let the Tribunal rule without adducing evidence that might have proved material. It thereby erred, and the complainant is entitled to redress on that account."

    Keywords:

    adversarial proceedings; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; inquiry; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; right to reply; sexual harassment;



  • Judgment 1614


    82nd Session, 1997
    International Fund for Agricultural Development
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "Contrary to what the complainant alleges, the reasons for abolishing her post were objective and had nothing to do with her own personality or performance. The decision cast no slight on her integrity and was no affront to her dignity. Her supervisors kept her informed orally and in writing about the progress of the reforms and about her own status. They thereby showed a wish to prepare her for the consequences and no bad faith may be imputed to them. The conclusion is that the defendant caused her no unnecessary or undue injury."

    Keywords:

    abolition of post; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision quashed; duty to inform; good faith; lack of injury; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1609


    82nd Session, 1997
    International Labour Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 16

    Extract:

    An organisation will of course not be liable for private misconduct of an employee that has no link with the
    performance of duty. But misconduct in the context of employment is another matter. When someone whom the
    organisation has appointed to act as supervisor or director commits an abuse of authority, the subordinate who
    suffers injury thereby is entitled to damages. Such is the complainants' case. Without having to go through all the
    evidence before it [...] the Tribunal holds that each of the complainants suffered treatment that was an affront to her personal and professional dignity. It was inadmissible for one of its officers, in this case a man, to make a habit of addressing women subordinates in language that was blatantly coarse and lascivious. What is more it offended against [an ILO circular], which seeks to ensure - to use its own words - a safe and healthful working environment free from sexual harassment and intimidation'. The whole drift of the evidence before the tribunal is that someone on whom the ILO had conferred much authority saw rough language and rough behaviour as not incompatible with his exercise of it. They were therefore part and parcel of the performance of his duties, and on that account the Organization is liable.

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; condition; conduct; injury; liability; misconduct; moral injury; organisation; respect for dignity; sexual harassment; supervisor;



  • Judgment 1558


    81st Session, 1996
    European Patent Organisation
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    "Mr. V., who defended the complainant before the Disciplinary Committee, has filed an application to intervene in the complaint on the grounds that the EPO has harmed his good name by making false, defamatory and insulting remarks about him in its surrejoinder. That matter falls outside the scope of the complaint before the Tribunal, whose ruling can have no bearing on Mr. V.'s grievance. His application is therefore disallowed."

    Keywords:

    complaint; complaint allowed; complaint allowed in part; decision; decision quashed; effect; intervention; moral injury; organisation's duties; request by a party; respect for dignity;



  • Judgment 1526


    81st Session, 1996
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 3

    Extract:

    "An organisation owes its staff a general duty of care, and must not cause them undue hardship. A case of non-renewal is no exception. The duty may entail avoidance or reduction of injury that termination may cause [...] at least when it was not a short-term appointment, when the record of service was long, and when the official had reasonable expectations of making a career in the organisation."

    Keywords:

    career; contract; duration of appointment; general principle; injury; international civil servant; legitimate expectation; moral injury; non-renewal of contract; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; short-term;



  • Judgment 1496


    80th Session, 1996
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 8

    Extract:

    The Tribunal would allow a complaint against a decision to transfer an official "if it were a hidden disciplinary sanction because there are specific procedural rules to protect a staff member when disciplinary action is taken: see for example Judgments 126, under 4 and 9, 1078, under 16, and 1407, under 18. In processing, ordering and notifying transfer an organisation must heed the staff member's dignity and good name and not cause unnecessary hardship: see Judgments 367, under 13 and 14, 631, under 27 and 28, 942, under 4, and 1234, under 15 and 19. And the decision must follow a proper enquiry: see Judgment 942, under 4."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 126, 367, 631, 942, 1078, 1234, 1407

    Keywords:

    case law; complaint allowed; decision quashed; due process; hidden disciplinary measure; inquiry; misuse of authority; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; staff member's interest; transfer;

    Consideration 13

    Extract:

    "The abruptness of the complainant's transfer could scarcely be put down to the Organization's needs. [...] His new job was not on a par with the old one or in keeping with his qualifications. [...] The manner of it was calculated to offend his dignity, and the FAO proved inconsiderate. The conclusion is that its unlawful behaviour and the seriousness of its offence warrant redress. The letter of appreciation that the Director-General sent him on retirement will not suffice since it failed to acknowledge the unnecessary injury he had suffered."

    Keywords:

    compensation; complaint allowed; decision quashed; moral injury; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; staff member's interest; transfer;



  • Judgment 1479


    80th Session, 1996
    International Atomic Energy Agency
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 12

    Extract:

    "The Tribunal has often affirmed the principle of good faith by which international organisations are bound and their duty to treat their staff members with consideration and fairness. It has also affirmed - for example in Judgment 946 [...] - the staff member's right to be kept informed of any action that may affect his legitimate interests."

    Reference(s)

    ILOAT Judgment(s): 946

    Keywords:

    case law; duty to inform; general principle; good faith; organisation's duties; respect for dignity; staff member's interest;



  • Judgment 1395


    78th Session, 1995
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 7

    Extract:

    The complainant was dismissed on grounds of unsuitability for work without having had a chance to answer the charges against her. The Tribunal orders her reinstatement and observes that she is also "entitled to an award of damages for moral injury in view of her seniority and her humiliation by being told that she 'need not be present in the laboratory until the end of [her] contract'."

    Keywords:

    complaint allowed; decision quashed; moral damages; moral injury; organisation's duties; reinstatement; respect for dignity; seniority; termination; unsatisfactory service;



  • Judgment 1234


    74th Session, 1993
    World Health Organization
    Extracts: EN, FR
    Full Judgment Text: EN, FR

    Consideration 19

    Extract:

    The complainant, an official at grade D.2, was moved twice in 18 months but given no explanation for the transfers. His second move was to a post at a lower grade, at some distance from headquarters and in a field he had never worked in. The organization pleads that his transfer was "in the interests of the organization" and that the burden is on him to show that it was not. "But there it betrays a deeply mistaken view of its duty. Of course its own interests are paramount, but it must still, for the sake of proper management and mutual confidence, treat its staff fairly. If it is transferring a staff member it must let him have a degree of responsibility corresponding to his grade and respect his dignity. It must give him a statement of the reasons for the transfer and the opportunity of responding."

    Keywords:

    burden of proof; complaint allowed; decision quashed; downgrading; duty to substantiate decision; grade; organisation's duties; organisation's interest; post; respect for dignity; right to reply; staff member's interest; transfer;

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