Judgment No. 2312
1. The complaint is dismissed.
2. The Laboratory's counterclaim is also dismissed.
Under the EMBL Staff Rules and Regulations, there is no provision to appeal internally the non-renewal of a contract. "There is [...] no merit to the Laboratory's suggestion that the deliberate exclusion in the Staff Rules and Regulations of an internal appeal mechanism with regard to the non-renewal of a contract operates so as to exclude complaints to the Tribunal. The Tribunal's jurisdiction is not determined by an organisation's Staff Rules but by the terms of the Tribunal's own Statute and the defendant organisation's submission to it. Thus, an organisation cannot unilaterally preclude the right to lodge a complaint. While it is the case that the Tribunal will often defer to discretionary decisions, the fact that a decision is discretionary does not take it outside of the Tribunal's jurisdiction. Although a discretionary decision may warrant significant deference, it is still reviewable."
procedure; complaint; decision; organisation; internal appeal; competence of tribunal; right of appeal; iloat; iloat statute; staff regulations and rules; no provision; provision; contract; non-renewal of contract; judicial review; discretion; acceptance; consequence; definition; effect; omission; right
"The [EMBL] Staff Rules and Regulations do not provide an internal appeal mechanism for a person in the complainant's position. The Tribunal has frequently commented on the desirability and utility of internal appeal procedures which not only make the Tribunal's task easier but also substantially reduce its workload by bringing a satisfactory and less expensive resolution to many disputes at an earlier stage. In any case, the Tribunal remains the ultimate arbiter of the rights of international civil servants and it can, and will, exercise its jurisdiction in appropriate cases."
procedure; international civil servant; internal appeal; recommendation; settlement out of court; competence of tribunal; vested competence; last instance; iloat; staff regulations and rules; no provision; judicial review; right
"The complainant asserts that she was not given reasons for the decision not to renew her contract prior to the decision being taken. [...] The right to receive written reasons [...] implies the right to be given detailed reasons for a decision once it has been made, not prior to its making. This right ensures that an appeal can properly be taken from that decision."
decision; grounds; right of appeal; date of notification; contract; non-renewal of contract; condition; consequence; date; purpose; right