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Sweden - Working time - 2009


LAST UPDATE

10 May 2009

SOURCES


Name of Act

Working Hours Act,
of 1982, as amended 2005 by Act No. 428
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Name of Act

Hours of Work Ordinance,
of 1982.

Name of Act

Act on the hours of work and other conditions of work of domestic employees,
of 1970.

Name of Act

Regulation of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health on young workers and recommendations on the application of the Regulation,
of 1996.

Name of Act

Annual Leave Act,
of 1977, as amended to 1 January 2007 by Act No. 392.

Name of Act

Act prohibiting discrimination against part-time workers and employees with fixed-term contracts,
of 2002.

LEGAL DEFINITIONS


Overtime/overtime work

Hours exceeding the normal hours of work.
Working Hours Act §7(1)

Part-time work(er)

An employee whose normal working hours are less than a comparable full-time worker.
Act prohibiting discrimination against part-time workers §2

Young worker

A person who has not yet reached the age of 18 years.
Regulation of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health on young workers

NORMAL HOURS LIMITS


Daily hours limit


General limit

(No general daily limit)
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: (No general daily limit)

Special categories


» Night work

Working hours for night work (22pm-6am) may for every period of twenty-four hours not exceed eight hours on average during a calculation period of at most four months.
Working Hours Act §13a
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Weekly hours limit


General limit

40 hours
Working Hours Act §5
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: Regular working hours may not exceed 40 hours per week.
  • 2007: 40 hours
  • 1995: 40 hours.

Reference period(s)

Where the nature of work or working conditions generally so demand, working hours may amount to on average 40 hours per week for a period of not more than four weeks.
Working Hours Act §5

Exceptions

60 hours (armed conflict, war).
The 40 hours limit does not apply to a worker who holds a managerial or comparable position.

Deviations from these provisions may be made through collective bargaining agreements concluded or approved by a central employees organisation.
Hours of Work Ordinance §4(1)
Working Hours Act §2, 3

Special categories


» Young workers

40 hours
Regulation of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health on young workers §8

» Domestic work

The 40 hours limit does not apply to work performed in the employer’s household.
Working Hours Act §2

OVERTIME WORK


Criteria for overtime


General

Overtime comprises working hours in excess of regular working hours and on-call hours.
Working Hours Act §7

Limits on overtime hours


General limits

200 hours per year, 48 hours over a 4 week period or 50 hours in 1 month.
Working Hours Act §8
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: When there is a special need of performance overtime work, the employer may require the performance of not more than 48 hours over a 4 week period, 50 hours in one calendar month, and up to 200 hours per year. (General overtime)
  • 2007: 200 hours per year Maximum weekly limit of 48 hours on average over a 4 week period or 50 hours over a 1 month period.
  • 1995: Maximum : 48 hours per 4 weeks or 50 hours per calendar month and 200 hours per year.

Restrictions/exceptions

The overtime limit does not apply to a worker who holds a managerial or comparable position.

The limit can be exceeded to the amount necessary in cases of force majeure (emergency overtime).Emergency overtime may not be worked for a period of more than 48 hours from the commencement of work without the submission of an application for authorisation for the work with the Swedish Work Environment Authority.

Deviations from these provisions may be made through collective bargaining agreements concluded or approved by a central employees organisation.
Working Hours Act §3, 9(1)

Compensation for overtime work


Overtime rate(s)

Determined by collective agreement.
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: Determined by collective agreement.
  • 1995: Determined by collective agreement.

Special categories


Domestic work

The overtime limit does not apply to work performed in the employer’s household.
Working Hours Act §2

REST PERIODS


Rest breaks


General provisions

Rest breaks after 5 hours consecutive work.
Working Hours Act §15(1)
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: Workers shall be provided with "rest intervals" during which employees are not obliged to remain at the workplace after 5 consecutive hours of work. The number, duration and schedule of the rest intervals must be informed in advance by the employer. The employer must organise work so as to enable employees to take "rest breaks" in addition to rest intervals, time which shall be considered working time. Rest intervals may be substituted by meal breaks at the workplace when required by the working conditions, or exceptionally due to the illness of a worker or other events that the employer could not have foreseen. In that case, meal breaks shall be included in the calculation of working time.
  • 2007: The employer shall give advance notice of the length and distribution of any rest breaks as accurately as the circumstances permit
  • 2007: Rest breaks after 5 hours consecutive work
  • 1995: A break after 5 hours.

Exceptions

The employer shall give advance notice of the length and distribution of any rest breaks as accurately as the circumstances permit.
The provision on rest breaks does not apply to a worker who holds a managerial or comparable position.
Working Hours Act §15(2)

Special categories


» Young workers

30 minutes if the work is longer than four hours.
Regulation of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health on young workers §11

» Domestic work

The provisions on rest breaks as provided for in the Working Hours Act do not apply to work performed in the employer’s household.
Working Hours Act §2

Daily rest periods


Duration

Workers are entitled to rest between 12.00 p.m. and 5.00 a.m.
Working Hours Act §13
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: All employees are entitled to at least 11 consecutive hours of daily rest that shall include the hours between 00.00 and 05.00.
  • 2007: Workers are entitled to rest break between 12.00 p.m. and 5.00 a.m.
  • 1995: Must be provided for and include the times between 24.00 and 05.00.

Exceptions

The provisions on daily rest do not apply to a worker who holds a managerial or comparable position.
Working Hours Act §2

Special categories


» Young workers

At least 12 hours for young workers between 16 and 18 years of age old, having completed compulsory schooling. Shall either be between 10.00 p.m. and 6.00 a.m. or 11.00 p.m. and 7.00 a.m.
Regulation of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health on young workers §8

» Domestic work

The provisions on daily rest periods do not apply to work performed in the employer’s household.
Working Hours Act §2

Weekly rest periods


Duration


» General

36 consecutive hours.
Working Hours Act §14(1)
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: Employees are entitled to not less than 36 consecutive hours of weekly rest.
  • 2007: 1 day
  • 1995: 36 consecutive hours per 7 days.

» Exceptions

Temporary exceptions from the general duration of weekly rest where required by special circumstances that the employer could not have foreseen. Such deviation may only be made subject to the precondition that the employee is allowed corresponding compensatory leave.
The provisions on weekly rest do not apply to a worker who holds a managerial or comparable position.
Working Hours Act §2, 14(3)

Day specified


» General

At weekends, to the extent possible.
Working Hours Act §14(2)

Special categories


» Domestic workers

36 hours
Act on the hours of work and other conditions of work of domestic employees §9(2)

ANNUAL LEAVE AND PUBLIC HOLIDAYS


ANNUAL LEAVE


Duration


» General

25 days per year
5 days if the employment started after 31 August.
Annual Leave Act §9
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2011: An employee shall be entitled to 25 days of annual leave in every annual leave year. If the employment commenced after 31 August during the annual leave year, the employee shall only be entitled to five days of annual leave.
  • 2007: 25 days per year 5 days if the employment started after 31 August.
  • 1995: 25 days.

Payment


» Amount

12 percent of the earned wages during the qualifying year.
Annual Leave Act §16

Schedule and splitting

Annual leave days must consist of at least 5 consecutive days. Unless otherwise agreed, 4 weeks of annual leave shall be taken during the period from June to August. Dates shall be agreed between the parties. If agreement cannot be reached, the employer shall decides when the leave shall be taken. If the employer decides the dates of leave, he/she shall notify the employee at least 2 months before the due date.
Annual Leave Act §9-11

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS


Number and dates

There is no generally applicable legislation specifying standards for work or time off on public holidays. This is regulated in collective agreements and custom.

PART-TIME WORK


Right to equal treatment


Right/scope

Prohibition of direct and indirect discrimination against part-time workers.
Act prohibiting discrimination against part-time workers §3 and 4

NIGHT WORK


Criteria for night work

Night worker means a person who normally performs at least three hours of her or his working shift during the night or will probably perform at least one third of her or his annual working time during the night. Night means a period between 22.00 and 06.00.
Working Hours Act §13a

Limits


Daily hours limit

Working hours for night work may for every period of twenty-four hours not exceed eight hours on average during a calculation period of at most four months.
Working Hours Act §13a
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ON-CALL WORK


Criteria

Where the nature of the activity demands that an employee be at the employer’s disposal at the workplace in order to carry out work if necessary, on-call hours may be worked at a rate of not more than 48 hours per employee over a four-week period or 50 hours over a calendar month. On-call hours shall not be deemed to include time spent by the employee carrying out work on the employer’s behalf.
Working Hours Act §6

Prohibitions and limitations

The provisions on on-call work do not apply to domestic workers not to workers who hold a managerial or comparable position.
Working Hours Act §2

Weekly rest period

This weekly rest shall not include stand-by hours when an employee is permitted to stay away from the workplace but must remain at the employer’s disposal in order to carry out work should the need arise.
Working Hours Act §14(1)

INFORMATION & CONSULTATION


Information

Changes of normal hours of work: Employers shall notify at least 2 weeks beforehand.
Working Hours Act §12

Results generated on: 26th October 2014 at 00:08:39.
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