The national minimum wage rate is fixed by the government. The minimum wage rate is indexed to the consumer price index. In addition, a review takes place in the Chamber of Deputies following a government report every two years. The legislation does not specify whether employers organisations and employees organisations are also consulted.
Labour Code §§ L222-2, L222-3, L223-1
Minimum wage set through decentralized collective bargaining
Wages set in collective agreements may not be lower than the national minimum wage. Moreover, collective agreements may not index wage rate adjustments to the national minimum wage rate.
Labour Code §§ L222-7, L222-8
Cost of living
Labour Code § 223-1
Level of wages and incomes in the country
Labour Code § 222-2
Labour Code § 222-2
The minimum wage rate applies to all wage earners of at least 18 years of age in the private sector. There is one minimum wage rate for unskilled wage earners, and a separate rate for skilled (qualified) wage earners.
Labour Code § 222-1
» Other Provisions
If a companys economic or financial situation is such that it is not currently in a position to pay the full minimum wage rate, a temporary order may be granted by the Minister of Labour, allowing the company to pay a rate that is lower than the national minimum wage rate.
Labour Code § L222-6
Specific minimum wage rates
» Specific minimum wage by occupation
» Specific minimum wage by sector
» Specific minimum wage by region
» Minimum wage levels for specific categories of workers
Wage earners of between 15 and 17 years of age are entitled to 75% of the minimum wage rate. Wage earners of between 17 and 18 years of age are entitled to 80% of the minimum wage rate.
Labour Code § L222-5
Persons younger than 30 years of age who have been registered as actively seeking employment for at least one month may be hired on a temporary auxiliary contract for a maximum period of one year. These contracts are organised by the Workplace Administration Office and are designed to assist workers with the transition to the workplace. Employers must pay these workers at least 80% of the applicable national minimum wage rate if the worker is unskilled and required to carry out training courses or up to 100% of the minimum wage rate if the worker qualifies for the skilled rate. In the event that the unskilled worker is not required to carry out training courses, the employer must pay the full minimum wage rate applicable. Employers in the private sector are reimbursed 50% of the rate paid to the young worker.
Labour Code § L543-11
An employer may apply to the Commission dOrientation et de reclassement professionel for a lower minimum wage rate to apply to a worker whose physical or mental disability renders him or her unable to work with the same efficiency as a worker with no disability.
Labour Code § L562-8
» Other categories
The minimum wage rate for skilled (qualified) wage earners is 20% higher than the rate for unskilled workers.
Labour Code § L222-4
» Other categories
Students working during the school vacation period are entitled to at least 80% of the relevant minimum wage rate applicable for their age.
Labour Code § 151-5
Minimum wage level(s) in national currency
2008: 1.609,53 per month 2009: 1,682.76 per month For unskilled wage earners of at least 18 years of age.
Labour Code §§ 222-9, 223-1 Communique on the Minimum Wage from 1 March 2008 Act Fixing the Consumer Price Index Ministry of Labour
Last minimum wage update
1 March 2009.
Labour Code § L222-9
Rate of payment
Minimum wages for qualified workers are 20% increased.
Labour Code § 222-4 Ministry of Labour
Scheduled frequency of adjustment
Minimum wage rates are subject to automatic indexation, in addition to the government and the Chamber of Deputies examining minimum wage levels on a bi-annual basis.
Labour Code §§ L222-2, L222-3
Labour Inspectors are responsible for ensuring that all legal provisions concerning conditions of work, including wages, are adhered to. Inspectors may enter workplaces and require the production of records when carrying out these duties.
Labour Code § L223-2
Fines in national currency for non-respect of legislation
Employers who fail to pay the specified minimum wage rate are liable to a fine of between EUR 251 and EUR 25,000. In the event of repeated offences, these fines may be doubled.
Summaries and full texts in the TRAVAIL Legal Database are provided for information purposes only and are not intended to replace consultation of the authentic legal texts. We update the database regularly but are unable to guarantee that the laws it contains are always complete, accurate and the most recent version. Please contact us if you have updated information.