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Israel - Minimum Wages - 2009


LAST UPDATE

17 October 2009

SOURCES


Name of Act

Minimum Wage Act 5747-1987, as amended to 1997 Labour Laws, 2000-01, State of Israel, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Department of Labour Relations, Jerusalem, Israel, pp. 238-242

Name of Act

Apprenticeship Law, 5713-1953 Labour Laws, 2000-01, State of Israel, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Department of Labour Relations, Jerusalem, Israel

LEGAL DEFINITIONS


Minimum wage

Minimum wage is 47.5 percent of the average wage as on the 1st of April of each year and as increased pursuant to this Law.
Minimum Wage Act § 1

MINIMUM WAGE FIXING


Procedure


Government decides alone

The Minimum Wage Law establishes a minimum wage that is 47.5% of the average wage. It is the duty of the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs to ensure that updated minimum wage rates are gazetted.

Rates increase automatically in accordance with changes in average wage levels. The legislation does not set forth the organs to be consulted in the event that additional modifications are made.
Minimum Wage Act §1 and §6

Minimum wage set through decentralized collective bargaining

Wages may also be fixed by collective agreement on the condition that wages thus set are higher than the rate established in the Minimum Wage Law.

Criteria


Cost of living

The minimum wage may be increased in accordance with the cost of living allowance.
Minimum Wage Act §4

Level of wages and incomes in the country

The minimum wage is 47.5% of the average wage.
Minimum Wage Act §1

Coverage


Scope

Employees who have attained the age of 18 years and above are entitled to the minimum wage.
Minimum Wage Act §2(a)

Specific minimum wage rates


» Specific minimum wage by occupation

No

» Specific minimum wage by sector

No

» Specific minimum wage by region

No

» Minimum wage levels for specific categories of workers


» Trainees

The minimum wage to be paid to apprentices is fixed for the trade in question by the Apprentices’ Wage Committee. The Committee sets these rates upon receiving instructions from the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs.
Apprenticeship Law §15
click on this symbol to show or hide remarks

» Youth

Regulations may be made by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs establishing a minimum wage at a lower rate than that provided in the Minimum Wage Law 1987 for employees of 18 years of age or younger.
Minimum Wage Act §16

» Disabled

The minimum wage rate established in the Minimum Wage Law 1987 applies to disabled workers in protected undertakings, unless regulations made by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs set a minimum wage lower than that prescribed by this Law.
Minimum Wage Act §17

» Other categories

A part-time worker is entitled to a partial minimum wage to be calculated in accordance with the number of hours worked.
Minimum Wage Act §2(b)

Level


Minimum wage level(s) in national currency

2007: 3,710.18 New Shekels per month
2008: 3,850.18 New Shekels per month
2009: 3,850.18 New Shekels per month
Minimum Wage Act Schedule
Information by the Ministry of Labour

Last minimum wage update

1 April 2007

In-kind allowances

There shall not be brought into account a family allowance, a length-of-service allowance, a shift-work allowance, a thirteenth salary, grants on an annual basis and reimbursement of expenses, including subsistence, board and lodging and traveling expenses paid by the employer.
Minimum Wage Act §3

Rate of payment


» Hourly

Yes

» Daily

Yes - 1/25th of the monthly wage for an employee employed under a 6 day work-week; 1/21.66 for an employee employed under a 5 day work-week.

» Monthly

Yes

Scheduled frequency of adjustment

The minimum wage may be updated any year on April 1st.
Minimum Wage Act §6

Enforcement mechanisms


Labour inspection

An employee may file a claim with the Labour Court for payment of a minimum wage. An employer may not take an action that is prejudicial to an employee’s pay, promotion at work, working conditions, or dismiss an employee because of any complaint or claim submitted with the Labour Court.
Minimum Wage Act §7 and §7A

Fines in national currency for non-respect of legislation

The Labour Court may order an employer to pay compensation to an employee as it deems just, according to the circumstances of the case. A mandatory injunction or restraining order may also be granted against an employer that takes any action that is prejudicial to an employee that has made a claim for payment of a minimum wage.
Minimum Wage Act §8

Other penalties

Nonpayment of minimum wage by an employer is a crimial offense punishable by one year in jail or a fine of up to 202,000 NIS. In addition, non-payment of minimum wage is an administrative offense for which the penalty is a fine of 5,000 NIS for each month of non-payment, for each empoyee, or a fine at the rate of 200 NIS per day for each day, for an employee payed on a non monthly basis or who worked less than 12 days.

An employer who does not pay an employee a minimum wage under the Minimum Wage Law 1987, shall be liable to 6 months’ imprisonment.
[This comes from a secondary source - I have not found the actual Order]
Minimum Wage Act §14

Results generated on: 26th November 2014 at 02:29:46.
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