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Bahrain - Maternity protection - 2011


16 May 2011


Name of Act

The Labour Law for the Private Sector, promulgated by Amiri Decree-Law No.23 of 1976 as amended up to Legislative Decree No.14 of 1993.
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Name of Act

The Consolidated Act on Social Insurance as amended up to 2010.



Every female worker is entitled to maternity leave except those categories for which this Law shall not be applicable:
1. civil servants and employees of public corporate entities that are subject to the Civil and Military Service Regulations.
2. domestic servants and persons regarded as such.
3. persons employed in temporary and casual work which is outwith the scope of the employer’s business and for duration of less than one year.
4. marines ships, officers, engineers, seamen and others whose employment contract is subject to a special law.
5. persons employed in agricultural work other than:
a. workers employed in agricultural firms which process or market their products.
b. Workers permanently employed in operating or repairing mechanically driven equipment used in agriculture.
c. Workers engaged in management or as security guards in agricultural operations.
6. members of the employer’s family, who are husband, wife, his parents and offspring’s whom he actually supports.
Labour Law Art.61

Qualifying conditions

A female worker shall forfeit her entitlements if it is proved that she was found to have been employed by another employer during her approved leave of absence.
Labour Law Art.64


Compulsory leave

No specifîcations about the compulsory period to be taken before and after confinement. The period of 45 days of maternity leave shall include both periods.
Labour Law Art.61

General total duration

A female worker shall be entitled to maternity leave on full pay for 45 days, which shall not be deducted from her annual leave provided she produces a medical certificate attested by the Ministry of Health stating the expected date of her confinement. Such maternity leave shall include the period before and after confinement.
Labour Law Art.61
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2004: Forty-five days
  • 1998: Forty-five days
  • 1994: Forty-five days


A female worker may have an additional leave without pay for 15 days.
Labour Law Art.61


Relevant provisions on related types of leave have not been identified.


Relevant provisions on right to part-time work have not been identified.


Maternity leave benefits


Maternity benefits shall apply compulsorily to all workers without discrimination as to sex, nationality, or age, who work by virtue of an employment contract for the benefit of one or more employers, or for the benefit of an enterprise in the private, co-operative, or para-statal sectors and, unless otherwise provided for, those engaged in public organisations or bodies, and also those employees and workers in respect of whom Law No. 13 of 1975 does not apply, and irrespective of the duration, nature or form of the contract, or the amount or kind of wages paid or whether the service is performed in accordance with the contract within the country or for the benefit of the employer outside the country or whether the assignment to work abroad is for a limited or an unlimited period.
Act on Social Insurance Art.2

Qualifying conditions

A female worker shall forfeit her entitlements if it is proved that she was found to have been employed by another employer during her approved leave of absence.
Labour Law Art.64


Maternity cash benefits are enjoyed during the duration of 45 days of leave.
Labour Law Art.61


The amount of maternity benefits is 100% of the normal salary.
Labour Law Art.61
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2009: 100 per cent.
  • 2004: One hundred percent
  • 1998: One hundred percent
  • 1994: One hundred percent

Financing of benefits

Social Security System (Social Insurance Organization) which is financed by different sources; monthly contributions paid by the employer, additional amounts and interests due for delay, the amounts paid by the Government Pension and Retirement Fund in respect of contributions by the insured and interest thereon, the loans which are annually paid to the Fund by the Treasury of the State, fees paid by the employer or the insured, subsidies, donations and bequests which the Board of Directors decides to accept and profits derived from the investment of the Fund and other income resulting from its activities.
Act on Social Insurance Art.1, art.15
Historical data (year indicates year of data collection)
  • 2009: Employer.
  • 2004: Employer
  • 1998: Employer
  • 1994: Employer


Relevant provisions on medical benefits have not been identified.


Right to nursing breaks or daily reduction of hours of work

During the two years after the date of giving birth, a female worker returning to her work after the maternity leave shall be entitled to a period or two periods of rest not exceeding a total of 1 hour daily in addition to the normal intervals of rest given to all workers in order to breastfeed her newly born child.

The employer shall request the female worker every six months from the date of delivery to provide an official certificate from the health centre located in the vicinity of her residence indicating that she continues to suckle her child, but if she fails to submit such certificate within two months from the date of the employer’s request, she shall forfeit her right to the rest interval for breastfeeding her child.
Labour Law Art.62


Dangerous or unhealthy work


It is prohibited to employ any female in industries or occupations which are dangerous or unhealthy for her unborn child.
Labour Law Art.60


Protection from discriminatory dismissal

No employer is permitted to terminate the service of a female worker on the grounds of her marriage or during her leave due to pregnancy and confinement.
Labour Law Art.63

Results generated on: 26th May 2018 at 21:34:15.
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