As expected, the Scandinavian countries and other western European
countries have the highest scores. Top performers are Sweden,
Finland, Denmark and Norway. There are no ''Pacesetters'' in the
Americas or Asia.
Africa is the continent having the best-performing
developing country, South Africa. It happens to have been one
of the very few countries where the unionization rate rose quite
strongly in the 1990s. Its position thus comes as little surprise.
The only other non-western European country classified as a ''Pacesetter'' is
Bulgaria. It has reached this position mainly due to its outstanding
achievements in terms of the legislation and other norms established
to guarantee and promote the voice representation of workers.
The next best voice security providers - the ''Pragmatists'' - are
mainly countries from the Americas, East Asia and Pacific, and
the higher income eastern European countries plus the Russian
Federation (Figure 10.6). Outsiders in this cluster, in decreasing
order of security provision, are Switzerland, Mauritius, the
Philippines and China.
By contrast, almost two thirds of the
countries have unsatisfactory levels of representation security,
and over one in every two of these come under the ''Much-to-be-Done'' label.
Almost all countries in Africa and the Middle East fall into
either the ''Conventional'' or ?Much-to-be-done? categories.
latter group also includes large Asian countries such as India
and Indonesia, and the Central Asian republics.
The average performers - the ''Conventionals'' - come mostly from Africa and Latin
America. Surprisingly, France and Greece also enter this cluster, the former
mainly because it has a very low unionization rate and the latter because of
a large decline in unionization over the 1990s.