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Yemen > Labour codes, general labour and employment acts

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Country: Yemen - Subject: Labour codes, general labour and employment acts

  1. Yemen - Labour codes, general labour and employment acts - Law, Act

    Law No. 11 of 2001.

    Adoption: 2001-10-28 | Date of entry into force: 2003-10-28 | YEM-2001-L-64695

    Amends article 16 of Presidential Decree No. 5 of 1995 (the Labour Code). The amended article now provides for the possibility of establishing private employment agencies.

  2. Yemen - Labour codes, general labour and employment acts - Law, Act

    Law No. 25 of 1997 amending certain provisions of the Presidential Order to promulgate the Labour Code No. 5 of 1995.

    Adoption: 1997-04-06 | Date of entry into force: 1997-04-06 | YEM-1997-L-50059

    Makes numerous amendments to provisions of the Labour Code (No. 5 of 1995) regarding the drawing up of collective agreements, termination of contracts, the determination of wages, disciplinary measures against workers, and penalties. Removes from s. 33 a provision for legal proceedings by trade unions for breaches of collective agreements. Requires employers to remove from an employee's file any disciplinary sanction if the worker's conduct improves (s. 95). Repeals s. 48 (hours of work of young persons) and s. 155 (penalties).

  3. Yemen - Labour codes, general labour and employment acts - Law, Act

    Labour Code (Act No. 5 of 1995).

    Adoption: 1995-03-09 | Date of entry into force: 1995-03-09 | YEM-1995-L-44043

    Chapter I sets forth general provisions. The Code shall apply to all workers except public servants, foreigners, casual workers, and domestic servants. Work is the natural right and duty of every citizen on the basis of equal conditions and opportunities without discrimination on the grounds of sex, age, race, colour, beliefs or language (Art. 5). Art. 11 establishes a Labour Council with the function of drafting labour law and policies and administering vocational training. Employers shall engage disabled persons up to a proportion of 5 per cent of their workforce (Art. 15). Non-Yemenis shall constitute no more than 10 per cent of any employer's workforce. Chapter II regulates contracts of employment, including collective agreements. Collective agreements which "damage the economic interests of the country" shall be invalid (Art. 32). Chapter IV covers employment of women and young persons. Women shall be equal with men in relation to conditions of employment and employment rights (Art. 42). Chapter V covers wages and allowances, including minimum wage and overtime; Chapter VI concerns hours of work. Chapter VII relates to work discipline and penalties; Chapter VIII to vocational training, including apprenticeships; Chapter IX to occupational safety and health; Chapter X to health insurance; and Chapter XI to labour inspection. Chapter XII covers labour disputes and strikes. Labour disputes which cannot be settled amicably must be submitted to an Arbitration Committee for resolution. Should arbitration fail, workers may proceed to a strike under specified conditions. Inter alia, individual workers must announce their intention to participate in a strike by wearing a red arm-band for three consecutive days before the commencement of the strike (Art. 146). Chapter XIII covers workers' and employers' organizations, and provides freedom of association.

    Repeals Labour Law No. 14 of 1978.

  4. Yemen - Labour codes, general labour and employment acts - Law, Act

    Labour Law No. 14 of 1978.

    Adoption: 1978-04-30 | YEM-1978-L-5124

    Provides in s. 5 that work is a right and an obligation, without any discrimination because of sex, age, race, colour, faith or language. Chap. II of Part II governs registration of work seekers and employment; no minors may be employed unless they have completed schooling (s. 19). Part IV sets standards for contracts of employment, and Part V details the system of work, rewards and penalties. Working hours and rest periods are covered by Part VI, and wages and allowances by Part VII. Part IX governs occupational health and safety, Part X social security and Part XI labour inspection. Procedures for the settlement of labour disputes are contained in Part XII, and Part XIII governs trade unions and their activities. Workers have the right to form their own organisations (s. 93); the functions of trade unions are set forth in ss. 94 and 95. Penalities for infringements of the law are contained in Part XIV.

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