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Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

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Country: Turkmenistan - Month updated: November 2018

  1. Turkmenistan - - Law, Act

    Law No. 454-V of 15 October 2016 "on Combating Human Trafficking". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-10-15 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-01 | TKM-2016-L-105738

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Means of influence over the victims of human trafficking and forms of their exploitation
    Chapter III: Organizational bases for combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IV: Prevention of human trafficking and crimes linked with it
    Chapter V: Identification of victims of human trafficking, procedure of recognizing as a victim of human trafficking and giving the status of a victim of human trafficking
    Chapter VI: Specialized institutions for assistance and support to victims of human trafficking. Repatriation of persons who were victims of human trafficking
    Chapter VII: Social rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking, protection and assistance for them
    Chapter VIII: International cooperation in the sphere of combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IX: Final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law "On Combat Against Human Trafficking" (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 2007, No. 4, p. 79).

  2. Turkmenistan - - Law, Act

    Law No. 448-V of 14 September 2016 "to Approve the New Edition of the Constitution". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-09-14 | Date of entry into force: 2016-09-14 | TKM-2016-L-105756

    Establishes a new edition of the Constitution with the following content:
    Section I: Fundamentals of constitutional system of Turkmenistan
    Section II: Rights, freedoms and duties of human person and citizen in Turkmenistan
    Section III: System of state power bodies in Turkmenistan
    Section IV: Local self-government
    Section V: Electoral system, referendum
    Section VI: Prosecutorís office
    Section VII: Economics and financial-crediting system
    Section VIII: Final provisions.

  3. Turkmenistan - - Law, Act

    Law No. 411-V of 18 June 2016 "On Employment". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-06-18 | Date of entry into force: 2016-07-01 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2017-01-01 | TKM-2016-L-105760

    Chapter I introduces general provisions, concerning, inter alia, general concepts, the main directions of the state policy in the sphere of employment, the concept of employed population, state guarantees in this sphere, also for the persons in need of state assistance, state fund for the promotion of employment.
    Chapter II sets state regulation in the sphere of employment: inter alia, the state bodies implementing state regulation and their competencies.
    Chapter III establishes the rights of citizens in employment sphere, in particular, the right to job placement, the right to information and consultation on the issues of employment, professional orientation, preparation, training, qualification improvement, also the right to job placement outside Turkmenistan.
    Chapter IV regulates the organization of employment: inter alia, employment service, participation of employers in ensuring employment for the population, also the participation of trade unions and other representative bodies of workers in the promotion of employment, organization of paid public works, vocational training, engaging foreign workforce, voluntary insurance against unemployment.
    Chapter V regulates the procedure of recognizing a person as unemployed, also the registration, withdrawal of registration of an unemployed, the rights and duties of an unemployed.
    Chapter VI establishes social guarantees in case of loss of job: in particular, guarantees of material assistance to workers, released from job by employers, payment of unemployment allowances, also the amount of it.
    Chapter VII sets final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law of 12 November 1991 "On Employment" (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta Turkmenistana, 1991, No. 16, P. 173).

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