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Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

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Country: Mongolia

  1. Mongolia - - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Government Resolution on Some Measures in Respect of the Implementation of Laws on Social Care (No. 36 of 1999).

    Adoption: 1999-03-03 | Date of entry into force: 1999-03-03 | MNG-1999-M-57605

    Adopts a set of rules and regulations governing social care, including Regulations on Social Care Fund, Regulations on Benefits for Elderly Persons and Regulations on Social Care Services for Disabled Persons.

  2. Mongolia - - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Joint Order of the Minister of Health and Social Welfare and the Minister of Justice adopting instructions on Medical Care for Hunger-Strikers (No. A/26 of 1999).

    Adoption: 1999-02-04 | Date of entry into force: 1999-02-04 | MNG-1999-M-57594

    Contains provisions on medical care to be extended to hunger-strikers, defines responsibilities of health and medical institutions in respect of hunger-strikers, and responsibilities of policemen in respect of protection of medical personnel.

  3. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Amendment to the Law on Pensions and Benefits Payable from the Social Insurance Fund.

    Adoption: 1999-01-21 | Date of entry into force: 1999-01-01 | MNG-1999-L-57604

    Amends the Law on Pensions and Benefits payable from the Social Insurance Fund of 1994 by including a new Chapter 6 on Pregnancy and Maternity Allowances. The new Chapter establishes the conditions for the entitlement to pregnancy and maternity allowances, and defines allowance rates and duration of payment.

  4. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law of Mongolia against Domestic Violence. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1999 | MNG-1999-L-82787

    Regulates relationships arising in connection with the prevention of domestic violence, its revealing and bringing to an end, elimination of causes and consequences thereof, protection of victim's rights, and imposition of liability on offenders with a view to ensure the equal rights of family members and to protect their rights and interests.

  5. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Minimum Wages Law, 1998. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1998-01-08 | MNG-1998-L-91033

    Article 1. Purpose of Law
    Article 2. Minimum Wage Legislation
    Article 3. Minimum Wage Rates
    Article 4. Minimum Wage Fixing
    Article 5. Principles and Criteria for Determining and Adjusting Minimum Wages
    Article 6. Proposal of Fixing or Adjusting Minimum Wages
    Article 7. Minimum Wage Fixing and Adjustment
    Article 8. Enforcement of Minimum Wage
    Article 9. Complaining about Non-compliance with Minimum Wage
    Article 10. Penalties for Violation of the Minimum Wage Legislation

  6. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Minerals Law. - Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 1997-06-05 | Date of entry into force: 1997-07-01 | MNG-1997-L-82774

    Provides for the regulation of the mining industry. Includes provisions with respect to the protection of the health and safety of workers (article 6.4(3), 35-36) as well as employment of citizens (articles 33-34).

  7. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Statistics. - Official English translation Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1997-06-05 | MNG-1997-L-82783

    Establishes a unified system for the collection of statistical data. Regulates the rights and responsibilities of statistical organizations as well as their relationship with each other. Statistical information includes, inter alia, unemployment, employment and household income statistics.

  8. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law of Mongolia on Non-Governmental Organisations. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1997-02-06 | MNG-1997-L-57969

    Comprehensive legislation on non-governmental organisations. Is applicable to all non-governmental organisations except political parties, trade unions, churches and monasteries. Chapter 1 deals with establishment, dissolution and participation in non-government organisations, and with relations between state bodies and non-governmental organisations. Chapter 2 sets forth general requirements for non-governmental organisations. Chapter 3 regulates registration, Chapter 4 finances, Chapter 5 reporting requirements, and Chapter 6 violations of this law.

  9. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on the Protection of the Rights of the Child, 1996.

    Adoption: 1996-07-01 | MNG-1996-L-78391

    The purpose of the law is to coordinate relations concerning protection of child rights. Applies to all children under the age of 18 years. Rights include right to live, to develop, to be protected (in particular Article VII(6) which provides for prohibition of child labour in hazardous conditions etc.) and to participate in social life. Also outlines duties of child, government, parents, guardians, caregivers, individuals, economic entities and organisations. Establishes a National Council for Children.

  10. Mongolia - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution to adopt and approve the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (No. 219 of 1995).

    Adoption: 1995-11-22 | MNG-1995-R-45293

    Requires government ministries, governors of aimags (administrative areas) and municipalities to implement the National Poverty Alleviation Programme. Instructs authorities of state owned enterprises to retrain persons laid off from their jobs due to restructuring. English translation available.

  11. Mongolia - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution to adopt a salary standard and procedure (No. 90 of 1995).

    Adoption: 1995-06-05 | MNG-1995-R-45295

    Provides a procedure for determining minimum wage for employees of state-owned or joint-stock enterprises. Available in English.

  12. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Citizenship. - English Translation Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995-06-05 | MNG-1995-L-82781

    Regulates relations on Mongolian citizenship, acquisition, restoration and cessation of citizenship.

  13. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Environmental Protection Law of Mongolia. - Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 1995-03-30 | MNG-1995-L-79735

    Regulates relations between the State, citizens, business entities and organizations in order to guarantee the human right to live in a healthy and safe environment, an ecologically balanced social and economic development, the protection of the environment for present and future generations, the proper use of natural resources and the restoration of available resources.

  14. Mongolia - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution to a nation-wide evaluation of the state of unemployment and poverty (No. 25 of 1995).

    Adoption: 1995-02-22 | MNG-1995-R-45294

    Requires ministries and municipal administrators to conduct a nation-wide examination of unemployment and poverty, as stipulated in the attached annex. Also requires municipal administrators to promote small and medium-scale enterprises and cultivation of certain crops, as well as to intensify the implementation of the National Programme on Poverty Alleviation. Available in English.

  15. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Cooperative Law of Mongolia, 1995. - Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 1995 | MNG-1995-L-61855

    Comprehensive legislation on cooperatives. Chapter I contains general provisions. Chapter II regulates establishment and registration of cooperatives. Chapter III provides for admission to membership, rights, duties and contribution of members, and withdrawal and exclusion from membership. Chapter IV deals with management of cooperative, Chapter V with association of cooperatives, Chapter VI with dissolution of cooperatives, and Chapter VII with liability of cooperatives.

  16. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Civil Code of Mongolia [revised edition]. - Code on-line in English

    Adoption: 1994-11-01 | MNG-1994-L-45607

    Part One contains general provisions governing the legal status and capacity of persons and transactions. Inter alia, defines legal status of minors (full legal status is attained at age 18) and legal status of companies, partnerships and cooperatives. Part Two covers property law, including intellectual property, land ownership, and public property. Section 140 guarantees Mongolian citizens the right to private property. Part Three regards general principles of obligations, including contracts and performance of obligations, fines and other remedies, and consumer rights. Part IV relates to contractual liability; Part V covers non-contractual liability, including personal damages and damages awarded to persons losing their ability to work. Chapter Six governs inheritance. Available in English.

  17. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on the Constitutional Tsets [Courts]. (МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ХУУЛ. МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ҮНДСЭН ХУУЛИЙН ЦЭЦИЙН ТУХАЙ) - Unofficial English translation Legislation on-line in Mongolian

    Adoption: 1994-09-19 | MNG-1994-L-49339

  18. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Mongolian State Law of Courts. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1994-09-19 | MNG-1994-L-49340

    Establishes the structure of the judicial system, and providefor the power of judges, the independence of judges, and equality before law. Provides for a Supreme Court, Aimag Courts, Soum Courts, Capital City Courts, District Courts, and Specialized Courts. Also creates a General Council to ensure judicial independence. Unofficial translation.

  19. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Pensions and Benefits for Military Servicemen, 1994. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-08-06 | MNG-1994-L-96080

  20. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Pensions and Benefits Provided by the Social Insurance Fund. - English Translation (updated to 1999) Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-06-07 | MNG-1994-L-82788

    Governs relations respecting pension and benefit entitlements and payments from the Fund of Social Insurance to the insured contributing to the pension and benefits insurance as prescribed in the Law on Social Insurance.

  21. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Benefits provided by the Social Insurance Fund against Employment Injury and Occupational Diseases. - Unofficial English Translation Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-06-07 | Date of entry into force: 1995-01-01 | MNG-1994-L-82790

    Governs relations respecting pensions, benefits and payments provided to the insured by the Fund of Social Insurance against Employment Injury and Occupational Diseases as stated in the Social Insurance Law.

  22. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law of Mongolia on Social Insurance (1994). - Act on-line in English Act on-line in English Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-05-14 | MNG-1994-L-79733

    The purpose of this law is to define the types and forms of social insurance, and the scope of its effect, to define the legal basis for social insurance registration and payment of insurance premiums, the formation of the social insurance fund and its administration, the legal basis for insurance institutions and the activities of social insurance inspectors, and to regulate relations related to their implementation. Covers:
    1) pension insurance;
    2) benefit insurance;
    3) health insurance;
    4) industrial accident and occupational disease insurance;
    5) unemployment insurance.

  23. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on Unemployment Benefits Paid by the Social Insurance Fund, 1994. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-03-07 | MNG-1994-L-96081

    The purpose of this Law to pay unemployment insurance premiums in accordance with the Law on Pensions and Benefits Provided by the Social Insurance Fund.

  24. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Public Service Act (1995).

    Adoption: 1994 | Date of entry into force: 1995-06-01 | MNG-1994-L-57000

    Establishes and regulates the public service, providing for posts and their requirements, the legal status of employees, and performance measures.

  25. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens. - Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 1993-12-24 | Date of entry into force: 1994-02-01 | MNG-1993-L-79731

    Chapter I - General Provisions
    Chapter II - Legal Status of Foreign Citizens
    Chapter III - Entry, Exit and Transit Visas for Mongolia
    Chapter IV - Visits to and Residence in Mongolia
    Chapter V - Miscellaneous

  26. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Law on the Government of Mongolia.

    Adoption: 1993-05-11 | MNG-1993-L-49338

    Provides for the powers and the structure of the Government. Article 14 stipulates that the government shall have the power to protect human rights and freedoms. Article 20(12) establishes a Minister of Demographic Policy and Labour who shall be responsible for labour matters.

  27. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Foreign Investment Law of Mongolia (No. 86 (586)). - Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 1993 | Date of entry into force: 1993-07-01 | MNG-1993-L-49342

    Comprehensive legislation governing foreign investment. S. 24 stipulates that labour hired by foreign companies shall be be primarily composed of Mongolian citizens.

  28. Mongolia - - Constitution

    Act Appended to the Constitution of Mongolia (1992)

    Adoption: 1992-02-12 | Date of entry into force: 1992-02-12 | MNG-1992-C-35059

    Provisions concerning the transition of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Mongolia to the Constitution of Mongolia. Extends the mandates of the legislatures (Great and Small State Hural), and sets out their powers during the transitional period. The powers of the President and the judiciary are likewise extended. International treaties signed by the People's Republic of Mongolia shall continue to apply, unless expressly stated otherwise.

  29. Mongolia - - Constitution

    Constitution of Mongolia of 13 January 1992 - Constitution on-line in English Constitution on-line in English

    Adoption: 1992-01-19 | Date of entry into force: 1992-02-12 | MNG-1992-C-41546

    Consists of six Chapters. Chapter Two contains provisions relating to human rights and freedoms. These include: the right to employment (Art. 4); the right to old age, disability, childbirth and childcare assistance (Art. 5); and freedom of press, opinion and assembly (Art. 16). Chapter Three outlines the structure of the State: Part I regulates the legislative body, the State Great Hural; Part II the President; Part III the Government; and Part IV the Judiciary, including the Supreme Court and the General Council of Courts.

  30. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Trade Union Rights Act, 1991

    Adoption: 1991-07-01 | MNG-1991-L-35023

    Article 1 - Objectives of the Law
    Article 2 - The Mongolian legislation on rights of trade unions
    Article 3 - The right to join a trade union
    Article 4 - Ensuring trade union independence
    Article 5 - Fundamental rights of trade unions
    Article 6 - Guarantees for the rights of trade unions and their elected officials
    Article 7 - Trade union finance and property
    Article 8 - Observance of international treaties and the rights of trade unions
    Article 9 - Penalties for violation of the Trade Union Rights Act
    Article 10 - Coming into force

  31. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Act of 3 June 1991 on economic units bankruptcy.

    Adoption: 1991-06-03 | Date of entry into force: 1991-07-01 | MNG-1991-L-44936

  32. Mongolia - - Law, Act

    Bankruptcy Law of the Mongolian People's Republic. - Unofficial English translation

    Adoption: 1991 | Date of entry into force: 1991-07-01 | MNG-1991-L-49341

  33. Mongolia - - International agreement

    Agreement on co-operation in the field of social security, with Protocol.

    Adoption: 1981-04-06 | INT-1981-IA-11462

  34. Mongolia - - International agreement

    Agreement between the Governement of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Government of the Mongolian People's Republic concerning co-operation in matters of health. Done at Prague.

    Adoption: 1968-05-31 | Date of entry into force: 1968-05-31 | INT-1968-IA-22051

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