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Country: Myanmar - Subject: General provisions

  1. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Penal Code Amendment Law (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No 10 of 2019). (ရာဇသတ်ကြီးကို ပြင်ဆင်သည့်ဥပဒေ) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2019-03-26 | MMR-2019-L-108181

    Amends the Penal Code, sections 15 (definition of imprisonment for life) and section 376 (penalty for rape). Rape of a woman over the age of 12 years old is punishable by a prison term of up to 20 years. For conjugal rape, the term of imprisonment is for a maximum of up to two years. For rape of a girl child under the age of 12 years old, the maximum term is life imprisonment.

  2. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Myanmar Companies Law, 2017 (2017, Union No. 29). (မြန်မာနိုင်ငံကုမ္ပဏီများ ဥပဒေ) - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-12-06 | MMR-2017-L-107453

  3. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Shops and Establishments Law (2016) (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 18/2016). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-01-25 | MMR-2016-L-101962

    The 2015 Shops and Establishments Law repeals the 1951 Act of the same name. Its purpose is to regulate working time, wages and safeguard the safety and health of workers in shops and establishments.

  4. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Amending the Code of Criminal Procedure (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 16/2016). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-01-20 | MMR-2016-L-103624

    Amends the Code concerning, inter alia, the term of "imprisonment for life" and "transportation for life".

  5. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Amending the Penal Code (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 6/2016). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-01-06 | MMR-2016-L-103621

    This amendment adjusts amount of fine, imprisonment terms etc. of a larger number of articles of The Penal Code.

  6. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Second Amendment of the Law Relating to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw [Assembly of the Union] (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 63/2015). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-12-15 | MMR-2015-L-103617

  7. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law on the Practice of Monogamy (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 54/2015). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-08-31 | MMR-2015-L-103619

  8. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Buddhist Women Special Marriage Law (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 50/2015). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-08-26 | MMR-2015-L-103620

    Provides that before all marriages between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men, the couple must submit an application. The registrar is to publicly display the application for 14 days, following which time, if there are no objections, the marriage may be solemnized. The
    husband must respect his wife’s practice of Buddhism, make no attempts to convert her, allow their children to freely practice their religion and refrain from insulting Buddhism. If he violates any of these mandates, the Buddhist woman may divorce her husband, and the husband will be forced to relinquish his share of jointly owned property and lose guardianship of their children.

  9. Myanmar - General provisions - Constitution

    Law amending the Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2015 (45/2015). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-07-22 | Date of entry into force: 2015-08-29 | MMR-2015-C-100489

  10. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Amending the Referendum Law for the Approval of the Draft Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008 (36/2015). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-06-25 | Date of entry into force: 2015-07-07 | MMR-2015-L-100490

  11. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Small and Medium Business Development Law, 2015 (23/2015). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-04-09 | MMR-2015-L-100495

  12. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Counter-Terrorism Law, 2014 (23/2014). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-06-04 | MMR-2014-L-100518

  13. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    National Human Rights Commission Law, 2014 (21/2014). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-03-28 | Date of entry into force: 2014-06-16 | MMR-2014-L-100498

  14. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Media Law, 2014 (12/2014). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-03-14 | MMR-2014-L-100519

  15. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Myanmar Special Economic Zones Law, 2014 (1/2014). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-01-23 | MMR-2014-L-100520

  16. Myanmar - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations relating to the Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession, 5 July 2012 (Order No. 364/2012). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2012-07-05 | MMR-2012-R-93086

    These Regulations have been made under Article 24, Section (A) of the Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Act.

    Chapter 1 - Title and Definition
    Chapter 2 - Application for Permission
    Chapter 3 - Issuing of permission, rejection of permission and the application for appeal
    Chapter 4 - General

  17. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Microfinance Industries Law (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No.13/2011). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-12-02 | MMR-2011-L-93085

  18. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law, 2011 (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 15/2011). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-12-02 | MMR-2011-L-93087

    Chapter (1) Terms and Definitions
    Chapter (2) Purpose
    Chapter (3) Applying for Permission
    Chapter (4) Issuance and Denial of Permission
    Chapter (5) Rules
    Chapter (6) Taking Action
    Chapter (7) Crime and Punishment
    Chapter (8) General

  19. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Law Revoking the 1964 Law Defining the Fundamental Rights and Responsibilities of the People's Workers (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 12/2011). - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-11-22 | MMR-2011-L-93080

    Repeals the Law Defining the Fundamental Rights and Responsibilities of the People's Workers.

  20. Myanmar - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008). - Act on-line Constitution on-line

    Adoption: 2008-05-29 | MMR-2008-C-79572

    Preamble
    Chapter 1. Basic Principles of the Union
    Chapter 2. State Structure
    Chapter 3. Head of State
    Chapter 4. Legislature
    Chapter 5. Executive
    Chapter 6. Judiciary
    Chapter 7. Defence Services
    Chapter 8. Citizen, Fundamental Rights and Duties of the Citizens
    Chapter 9. Election
    Chapter 10. Political Parties
    Chapter 11. Provisions on State of Emergency
    Chapter 12. Amendment of the Constitution
    Chapter 13. State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital
    Chapter 14. Transitory Provisions
    Chapter 15. General Provisions

  21. Myanmar - General provisions - Constitution

    The Referendum Law for the Approval of the Draft Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008 (Law No 1/2008). - Act on-line Text in Burmese

    Adoption: 2008-02-26 | MMR-2008-C-79569

    Chapter I - Title and Definitions
    Chapter II - Convening the Referendum
    Chapter III - Formation of the Commission and Sub-commissions
    Chapter IV - Duties and Powers of the Commission for Holding Referendum and Sub-commissions
    Chapter V - Preparing Voting Rolls
    Chapter VI - Voting
    Chapter VII - Postponing and Dissolving of Voting
    Chapter VIII - Counting of Votes
    Chapter IX - Declaring Votes
    Chapter X - Prohibition and Penalty
    Chapter XI - Obtaining Financial and Staff Assistance
    Chapter XII - Miscellaneous

  22. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law (Law No. 4/2004). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2004-04-28 | MMR-2004-L-87409

    Sets out the procedures for providing mutual assistance to other States that are party to international or regional Conventions on assistance in criminal matters that Myanmar has also ratified.

  23. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Law Amending the Judiciary Law, 2000 (Law No. 2/2003). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2003-02-02 | MMR-2003-L-87410

    The State Peace and Development Council hereby enacts the following law;-

    1. This Law shall be called the Law Amending the Judiciary Law, 2000.

    2. The expression "2 Deputy Chief Justices" contained in section 3 of the Judiciary Law, 2000 shall be substituted by the expression "3 Deputy Chief Justices"

  24. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Attorney General Law, 2001 (Law No. 1/2001). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2001-02-27 | MMR-2001-L-87412

    Chapter I - Title
    Chapter II - Appointment of the Attorney General and the Deputy Attorney General
    Chapter III - Duties of the Attorney General
    Chapter IV - Powers of the Attorney General
    Chapter V - Formation of the Office of the Attorney General and the Different Levels of Law Offices
    Chapter VI - Functions and Duties of the Law Officers
    Chapter VII - Miscellaneous

  25. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Judiciary Law, 2000 (Law No. 5/2000). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2000-06-27 | MMR-2000-L-73048

    Chapter I - Title and Commencement
    Chapter II - Judicial Principles
    Chapter Ill - Formation and Seat of the Supreme Court
    Chapter IV - Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
    Chapter V - Powers of the Supreme Court
    Chapter VI - Formation of the State or Divisional Court, the District Courts and the Township Courts
    Chapter VII - Jurisdiction and Powers of Courts
    Chapter VIII - Miscellaneous
    Repeals the Judiciary Law (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No.2/88).

  26. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Law Amending the Suppression of Prostitution Act, 1949 (Law No. 7/98). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1998-04-06 | MMR-1998-L-72889

    Amends the principal Act concerning the definition of "brothel" and increses the penalty contained in sections 5 and eight from a maximum of three to a maximum of five years imprisonment and they may also be liable to a fine.

  27. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Television and Video Law (No. 8/96). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1996-07-29 | MMR-1996-L-73074

    Chapter I - Title and Definition
    Chapter II - Objectives
    Chapter III - Licence for Possession
    Chapter IV - Video Business Licence
    Chapter V - Formation of the Video Business Supervisory Central Committee; Functions and Duties Thereof
    Chapter VI - Formation of State or Divisional Video Business Supervisory Committees; Duties and Powers Thereof
    Chapter VII - Formation of Video Censor Board and Duties and Powers Thereof
    Chapter VIII - Appeal
    Chapter IX - Offences and Penalties
    Chapter X - Miscellaneous

  28. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Protecting the Peaceful and Systematic Transfer of State Responsibility and the Successful Performance of the Functions of the National Convention against Disturbances and Oppositions (SLORC Law No. 5/96) - Act on-line Text in Burmese

    Adoption: 1996-06-07 | MMR-1996-L-79570

    Provides that "no one and no organization shall violate either directly or indirectly any of the following prohibitions:
    (a) inciting, demonstrating, delivering speeches, making oral or written statements and disseminating in order to undermine the stability of the State, community peace and tranquility and prevalence of law and order;
    (b) inciting, delivering speeches, making oral or written statements and disseminating in order to undermine national re consolidation;
    (c) disturbing, destroying, obstructing, inciting, delivering speeches, making oral or written statements and disseminating in order to undermine, belittle and make people misunderstand the functions being carried out by the National Convention for the emergence of a firm and enduring Constitution;
    (d) carrying out the functions of the National Convention or drafting and disseminating the Constitution of the State without lawful authorization;
    (e) attempting or abetting the violation of any of the prohibitions." (Article 3)
    Penalities for violation of the law include imprisonment for a minimum of 5 years and fines.

  29. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Promotion of Cottage Industries Law (No. 13/91). - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1991-10-10 | MMR-1991-L-73052

    Chapter I - Title and Definition
    Chapter 11 - Basic Principles
    Chapter III - Registration
    Chapter IV - Duties and Rights of the Entrepreneur
    Chapter V - Duties and Powers of the Director General
    Chapter VI - Powers of the Minister
    Chapter VII - Invalidation of Registration
    Chapter VIII - Appeal
    Chapter IX - Prohibition and Penalties
    Chapter X - Miscellaneous

  30. Myanmar - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Procedures relating to the Private Enterprise Law (No. 1).

    Adoption: 1991-02-01 | MMR-1991-R-59898

    Made under Private Industrial Enterprise Law. Provides for registration of industrial enterprises. Regulates preconditions for registration, extension of tenure of registration, procedure in case of destruction or loss of registration certificate, changes in registered enterprises, aid to private industrial enterprises, inspection of private enterprises, and appeals.

  31. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Private Industrial Enterprise Law (Law No. 22/1990). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 1990-11-26 | MMR-1990-L-55215

    Governs the registration of private industrial enterprises. Chapter One sets definitions for use with the act. Chapter sets the law's basic principles. These include inter alia, to increase national production and GNP, to acquire technical know-how and to create employment. Chapter Three establishes the procedures and manner of registration of private industrial enterprises. Chapter Four establishes the Private Enterprise Coordination Body, which is designed to coordinate the development and improvement of private industrial enterprises. Part Five creates a Supervisory Body for the function of recommending the registration of enterprises and supervising the compliance of enterprises with the laws of Myanmar. Establishes that the body is to recommend registration of enterprises on the basis of inter alia, not being injurious to the health of the public in the vicinity of the enterprise, not causing harm to the health of its workers and not coausing harm to the local environment. Chapter Six sets the duties and rights of entrepreneurs. Chapter Seven establishes the powers of the Director General of the Directorate of Regional Industrial Coordination and Industrial Inspection. Chapter Eight establishes the powers of the State or Divisional Officer-in-Charge. Chapter Nine makes explicit the conditions under which registration may be invalidated. Chapter Ten sets appeal procedures in case of such invalidation. Chapter Eleven establishes the powers of the Minister of No. 1 Industry with respect to the act. Chapter Twelve establishes acts by enterprises which are to be prohibited and Chapter Thirteen sets the penalties for such offences. Chapter Fourteen sets miscellaneous provisions including granting the Ministry of No. 1 Industry with the power to make regulations for the purposes of carrying out the act.

  32. Myanmar - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) Declaration No. 1/90 of July 27, 1990. - Act on-line

    Adoption: 1990-07-27 | MMR-1990-R-79571

    Provides, inter alia that the SLORC will not accept the drafting of a temporary constitution for forming a government to take over State Power and that it will take effective action if it is done so.

  33. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Procedures relating to the Foreign Investment Law.

    Adoption: 1988-12-07 | MMR-1988-L-8877

    Chapters I to V.

  34. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Procedures relating to the Foreign Investment Law. No. 11/88.

    Adoption: 1988-12-07 | MMR-1988-L-8878

    Chapters VI to XIV and forms.

  35. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Foreign Investment Law, the State Law and Order Restoration Council Law. No. 10/88.

    Adoption: 1988-11-30 | MMR-1988-L-8876

    Second installment: Chapters VI through XV. Chapters I to V.

  36. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Burma Citizenship Law, 1982. - Legislation on-line in English

    Adoption: 1982-10-15 | MMR-1982-L-87413

    Chapter I - Title and Definition
    Chapter II - Citizenship
    Chapter III - Associate Citizenship
    Chapter IV - Naturalized Citizenship
    Chapter V - Decision as to Citizenship, Associate Citizenship or Naturalized Citizenship
    Chapter VI - Central Body
    Chapter VII - Appeals
    Chapter VIII - Miscellaneous

  37. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Myanmar Code of Civil Procedure, 1979. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1979 | MMR-1979-L-93079

    Part I - Suits in General
    Part II - Execution
    Part III - Incidental Proceedings
    Part IV - Suits in Particular Cases
    Part V - Special Proceedings
    Part VI - Supplemental Proceedings
    Part VII - Appeals
    Part VIII - Reference, Review and Revision
    Part IX - Special Revisions relating to the High Court
    Part X - Rules
    Part XI - Miscellaneous

  38. Myanmar - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of 1974. - Constitution on-line (in English)

    Adoption: 1974-01-03 | MMR-1974-C-74764

    Contains 16 Chapters. Chapter XI deals with fundamental rights and duties of citizens including, inter alia, right to work (art. 148), medical treatment ( art. 149), rest and fixed working hours (art. 150), education (art. 152), social security (art. 151), freedom of association (art. 158)

  39. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law Defining the Fundamental Rights and Responsibilities of the People's Workers (Revolutionary Council Law No. 6 of 1964). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1964 | MMR-1964-L-73950

    Sets out the rights and responsibilities of workers. These include the right to work, security of employment, the right to leisure, education, maternity leave, sickness benefits, compensation for occupational accidents, old-age security, wages, right for women to be treated the same as men, the right to a pleasant place of employment. It also sets out workers responsibilities including the responsibility to observe discipline, to protect the State, increase productivity. Chapter III provides that the government is to make rules concerning trade disputes. A people's workers' council is also to be created (Chapter IV).

  40. Myanmar - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of the Union of Burma, 1947. - Act on-line

    Adoption: 1947-09-24 | MMR-1947-C-79573

    Constitution drafted following independence from the United Kingdom.

  41. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1898-07-01 | MMR-1898-L-61341

    Comprehensive legislation on criminal procedure. Divided into six parts. Part I contains preliminary provisions. Part II regulates constitution and powers of criminal courts and offices. Part III contains general provisions. Part IV provides for prevention of offences. Part V deals with powers of police in carrying out investigations. Finally, Part VI regulates proceedings and prosecutions.

  42. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Evidence Act, 1872 (No. 1). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1872-09-01 | MMR-1872-L-61335

    Applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any Court, including Courts-martial, but not to affidavits presented to Court or officer, nor to proceedings before arbitrator. Part II regulates relevancy of facts, Part III facts which need not be proved, Part IV oral evidence, Part V documentary evidence, Part VI exclusion of oral by documentary evidence, Part VII burden of proof, Part VIII estoppel, Parts IX-X examination of witnesses, and finally, Part XI improper admission and rejection of evidence.

  43. Myanmar - General provisions - Law, Act

    Penal Code, 1861. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1861-05-01 | MMR-1861-L-61342

    Penal Code. Divided into 23 parts. These deal with: punishments; general exceptions; abetment; criminal conspiracy; offences against the state; offences relating to certain provisions contained in the constitution; libel against foreign powers; offences relating to the army, navy and air force; offences against public tranquility; offences by or relating to public servants; offences relating to elections; contempt of lawful authority of public servants; false evidence and offences against public justice; offences relating to coin and and government stamps; offences relating to weights and measures; offences affecting public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals; offences relating to religion, offences affecting the human body, offences against property; offences relating to documents and to trade or property marks; criminal breach of contracts of service; offences relating to marriage, defamation, criminal intimidation, insult and annoyance; and attempts to commit offences.


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