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> Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons

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Subject: Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Month updated: November 2018

  1. Germany - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Act to combat child marriages. (Gesetz zur Bekämpfung von Kinderehen) - Act on-line in German

    Adoption: 2017-07-17 | Date of entry into force: 2017-07-22 | DEU-2017-L-106046

    The Act protect underage persons from forced marriages: the age of consent is to be increased from 16 to 18 years.
    -cases when one of spouses has not reached 16 years of age are not to valid, envisaged also residence and refuges penalties.
    Article 1. Amendment to the Civil Code:
    -§ 1303 Marriageable age
    -§ 1411 Marriage contract
    Article 2. Amendment to the Introductory Law of the Civil Code:
    -§ 44 Transitional provisions to the Act to combat child marriages
    Article 3. Amendment to the Civil Status Act:
    -§ 11 Jurisdiction and Registry office restriction
    Article 4. Amendment to the Asylum Act
    Article 5. Amendment to the Residence Act
    Article 6. amendment to the Judicial Officer Act
    Article 7. Amendment to the Act on Proceedings in Family Matters and in Matters of Non-contentious Jurisdiction:
    -§ 129a Principles of Priority and Expediting Proceedings
    Article 8. Amendment to the Act on Registered Life Partnerships
    Article 9. Amendment to the Social Code - Book VIII
    Article 10. Evaluation
    Article 11. Entry into force

  2. Kazakhstan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. No. 42-VI ZRK of 30 December 2016 "On Volunteering", as amended to 11 July 2017. - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-12-30 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-17 | KAZ-2016-L-105419

    Chapter I establishes general provisions, in particular, the legal grounds, aims and objectives, principles, forms and types of volunteering. Chapter II introduces the state regulation in the sphere of volunteering, the competencies of state bodies at the republican and local self-governmental level. Chapter III defines the rights and duties of a volunteer; the functions of a coordinator of volunteers; the essence, the goals and objectives a volunteer organization; also the assistance and support for volunteering. Chapter IV introduces final provisions regarding the violations of the law.

  3. Paraguay - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 6083, de 10 de mayo de 2018, que modifica la Ley núm. 1680/01, “Código de la Niñez y la Adolescencia” - Biblioteca y Archivo Central del Congreso Nacional

    Adoption: 2018-05-10 | Date of entry into force: 2018-06-08 | PRY-2018-L-107426

    La ley citada modifica la Ley núm. 1680/01, “Código de la Niñez y la Adolescencia”. En tal sentido, se enmienda lo relativo a la prohibición de difusión, entrevista y publicación de nombres, imágenes y audios o cualquier otro dato que posibilite identificar al niño o adolescente en los casos que indica (Artículo 29), las funciones de la Secretaría (Artículo 41), la convivencia familiar y el relacionamiento (Artículo 92), la controversia entre el padre y la madre (Artículo 93), la restitución nacional (Articulo 94), la regulación judicial del régimen de relacionamiento (Artículo 95), el incumplimiento del régimen de relacionamiento (Artículo 96), la composición de la justicia de la niñez y la adolescencia (Artículo 158), los requisitos para integrar los Tribunales, Juzgados y la Defensoría especializados creados por esta ley (Artículo 159), el equipo asesor de la justicia (Artículo 165), el carácter del procedimiento (Artículo 167) y las medidas cautelares de protección (Artículo 175).

  4. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 454-V of 15 October 2016 "on Combating Human Trafficking". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-10-15 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-01 | TKM-2016-L-105738

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Means of influence over the victims of human trafficking and forms of their exploitation
    Chapter III: Organizational bases for combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IV: Prevention of human trafficking and crimes linked with it
    Chapter V: Identification of victims of human trafficking, procedure of recognizing as a victim of human trafficking and giving the status of a victim of human trafficking
    Chapter VI: Specialized institutions for assistance and support to victims of human trafficking. Repatriation of persons who were victims of human trafficking
    Chapter VII: Social rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking, protection and assistance for them
    Chapter VIII: International cooperation in the sphere of combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IX: Final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law "On Combat Against Human Trafficking" (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 2007, No. 4, p. 79).

  5. Ukraine - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Order of the Minister of Health Protection on 31st March 1994 "To Approve the List of Heavy Works and Works with Harmful and Dangerous Working Conditions, in which the Use of the Labour Force of Persons Under the Age of 18 Years is Prohibited". (МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОХОРОНИ ЗДОРОВ'Я УКРАЇНИ НАКАЗ Про затвердження Переліку важких робіт і робіт із шкідливими і небезпечними умовами праці, на яких забороняється застосування праці неповнолітніх) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-03-31 | Date of entry into force: 1994-07-28 | UKR-1994-R-106533

    Pursuant to the Laws of Ukraine "On Occupational Safety" (2694-12) and the Decree No. 64 of 27 January, 1993 "On Measures to Implement the Law of Ukraine "On Occupational Protection"", approves the list of heavy works and works with harmful and dangerous working conditions, in which the use of the labour of persons under the age of 18 shall be prohibited. The use of the labour of minors in the works included in the attached list shall be prohibited in all enterprises, companies and organizations irrespective of the forms of ownership and the types of their activities. Also states that admission to study in the professions enlisted in the list is allowed provided that the persons reach the age of 18 years at the time of graduation. Also establishes, that after passing the production training, persons under the age of 18 years, studying in vocational schools, can be ungagged in works included in the list not longer than for 4 hours with a strict adherence to the current sanitary, as well as occupational safety norms and rules.

  6. Uruguay - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 19643, de 20 de julio de 2018, que dicta normas para la prevención y el combate de la trata de personas y modifica el Código Penal - Dirección Nacional de Impresiones y Publicaciones Oficiales

    Adoption: 2018-07-20 | Date of entry into force: 2018-08-14 | URY-2018-L-107433

    La ley citada tiene por objeto la prevención, persecución y sanción de la trata y la explotación de personas, así como la atención, protección y reparación de las víctimas. Por otra parte, modifica el artículo 280 del Código Penal, relativo a la reducción de personas a la esclavitud, servidumbre o trabajo forzoso, y agrega los artículos 280 bis (Esclavitud sexual), 280 ter (Unión matrimonial o concubinaria forzada o servil), 280 quater (Prostitución forzada) y 280 quinquies (Apropiación de niñas, niños o adolescentes para la adopción). La ley se estructura de la siguiente manera:
    CAPITULO I: Parte general
    CAPÍTULO II: Consejo Nacional de Prevención y Combate a la
    Trata y la Explotación de Personas
    CAPÍTULO III: Sistema Interinstitucional de Respuesta para Situaciones de Trata y Explotación de Personas
    CAPÍTULO IV: Respuestas específicas a la trata internacional
    CAPÍTULO V: Acceso a la justicia
    CAPÍTULO VI: Normas penales.

  7. Uzbekistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. ZRU-406 of 14 September 2016 "on State Youth Policy", as amended to 13 June 2017. - legislation on-line in Russian

    Adoption: 2016-09-14 | Date of entry into force: 2016-09-15 | UZB-2016-L-105817

    Chapter 1: General provisions
    Chapter 2: Bodies and institutions, implementing and participating in the realization of state youth policy
    Chapter 3: Legal and social protection of youth
    Chapter 4: Final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law No. 429-XII of 20 November 1991 "On the Basics of State Youth Policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan" (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Uzbekistan, 1992, No. 2, p. 80).


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