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Subject: General provisions - Month updated: November 2018

  1. Algeria - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Décret exécutif n° 18-170 du 26 juin 2018 fixant les missions, l’organisation et le fonctionnement de l’Agence de développement de la PME et de la promotion de l’innovation. - JO n° 39 du 4 juillet 2018

    Adoption: 2018-06-26 | DZA-2018-R-107474

    Assure la mise en oeuvre de la politique de développement des PME, en matière d’émergence, de croissance et de pérennisation des PME en coordination avec les secteurs concernés.

  2. Estonia - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. RT I, 04.07.2017, 3 of 14 June 2017 "On Labour Dispute Resolution Act" - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-06-14 | Date of entry into force: 2018-01-01 | EST-2017-L-105068

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Labor dispute committee
    Chapter III: Procedure in labor dispute committee
    Chapter IV: Closing the procedure
    Chapter V: The decision of the labor dispute committee and its application
    Chapter VI: Implementing provisions.
    Repeals Individual Labor Dispute Resolution Act.
    Amends Employment Contracts Act, namely supplementing it with a new paragraph 31 (Limitation period for claim arising from employment relationship); adds sub-paragraph 9 to paragraph 29 (Amount of wages).
    Makes minor wording changes, inter alia, in article 13 of Income Tax Act; article 2 of the Code of Enforcement Procedure; article 2861 (8) of Aliens Act.

  3. Fiji - General provisions - Law, Act

    Information Act 2018 (Act No. 9 of 2018). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2018-05-18 | FJI-2018-L-107446

    Sets out the rights of access to information held by the Fijian Government and public agencies.

  4. Germany - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act to combat child marriages. (Gesetz zur Bekämpfung von Kinderehen) - Act on-line in German

    Adoption: 2017-07-17 | Date of entry into force: 2017-07-22 | DEU-2017-L-106046

    The Act protect underage persons from forced marriages: the age of consent is to be increased from 16 to 18 years.
    -cases when one of spouses has not reached 16 years of age are not to valid, envisaged also residence and refuges penalties.
    Article 1. Amendment to the Civil Code:
    -§ 1303 Marriageable age
    -§ 1411 Marriage contract
    Article 2. Amendment to the Introductory Law of the Civil Code:
    -§ 44 Transitional provisions to the Act to combat child marriages
    Article 3. Amendment to the Civil Status Act:
    -§ 11 Jurisdiction and Registry office restriction
    Article 4. Amendment to the Asylum Act
    Article 5. Amendment to the Residence Act
    Article 6. amendment to the Judicial Officer Act
    Article 7. Amendment to the Act on Proceedings in Family Matters and in Matters of Non-contentious Jurisdiction:
    -§ 129a Principles of Priority and Expediting Proceedings
    Article 8. Amendment to the Act on Registered Life Partnerships
    Article 9. Amendment to the Social Code - Book VIII
    Article 10. Evaluation
    Article 11. Entry into force

  5. Hungary - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Governmental Regulation 245/2017 on the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) of 25 May 2011 as amended by Council Decision C (2000) 96 / FINAL, as well as establishment of the Hungarian National Contact Point pursuant to the OECD Multinational Enterprises Directives (A Kormány 245/2017. (VIII. 29.) Korm. rendelete a Gazdasági Együttműködési és Fejlesztési Szervezet (OECD) Multinacionális vállalatokra vonatkozó irányelveiről szóló, 2011. május 25-én módosított C(2000)96/FINAL tanácsi határozatának kihirdetéséről és az OECD Multinacionális vállalatokra vonatkozó irányelvek alapján a Magyar Nemzeti Kapcsolattartó Pont létrehozásáról) - Act on-line in Hungarin/English

    Adoption: 2017-08-29 | Date of entry into force: 2017-09-13 | HUN-2017-R-106852

    Chapter I. OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises of 25 May 2011, amending Declaration C (2000) 96 / Final Council Decision: Decision of the Council on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises:
    I. National Contact Points
    II. The Investment Committee
    III. Review of the Decision
    Procedural guidance
    I. National Contact Points
    Commentary on the implementation procedures of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
    I. Commentary on the Procedural Guidance for NCPs
    II. Commentary on the Procedural Guidance for the Investment Committee
    Chapter II. Hungarian National Contact Point
    1. Tasks
    2. Hungarian National Contact Point operations
    3. Complaint
    4. Hungarian National Contact Point procedures
    Chapter III. Final provisions

  6. Hungary - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act LXXVIII of 2017 on the professional activities of Lawyers. (2017. évi LXXVIII. törvény az ügyvédi tevékenységről) - Act on-line in English Magyar Közlöny - Official Gazette

    Adoption: 2017-06-13 | Date of entry into force: 2017-06-29 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2018-01-01 | HUN-2017-L-106780

    Part I Fundamental provisions
    Chapter I General rules
    Part Two General rules on the professional activities of an attorney-at-law
    Chapter II General conditions of practising the professional activities of an attorney-at-law
    Chapter III Limitations of practising the professional activities of an attorney-at-law 
    Chapter IV Grounds which exclude practising the professional activities of an attorney-at-law; conflict of interests 
    Part Three Special rules on the professional activities of an attorney-at-law
    Chapter V The mandate of an attorney-at-law 
    Chapter VI Court appointment of attorneys-at-law 
    Chapter VII Specific professional activities of an attorney-at-law 
    Chapter VIII Voluntary suspension of the professional activities of an attorneyat-law
    Part Four Natural persons practising the professional activities of an attorney-at-law 
    Chapter IX The attorney-at-law
    Chapter X The salaried attorney-at-law 
    Chapter XI The junior attorney-at-law 
    Chapter XII The registered in-house legal counsel 
    Chapter XIII The junior in-house legal counsel 
    Chapter XIV The European Community lawyer 
    Chapter XV The salaried European Community lawyer 
    Chapter XVI The foreign legal advisor 
    Chapter XVII The caretaker attorney 
    Part Five Organisations performing the professional activities of an attorney-at-law 
    Chapter XVIII The law office
    Chapter XIX The association of attorneys-at-law and the joint office of attorneys-at-law 
    Chapter XX The attorney assistant 
    Part Six Liability to disciplinary action 
    Part Seven The bar association 
    Chapter XXI General rules
    Chapter XXII Election of bar officials and termination of their mandate 
    Chapter XXIII The Hungarian bar association 
    Chapter XXIV The regional bar association 
    Chapter XXV Administrative cases of bar associations 
    Chapter XXVI Bar association registers and data management 
    Chapter XXVII Mediation procedure 
    Chapter XXVIII Cooperation with organisations of the EEA member states managing the registers of attorneys-at-law 
    Part Eight Supervision of legality 
    Part Nine Final provisions

  7. Hungary - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act LX of 2017 on Arbitration. (2017. évi LX. törvény a választottbíráskodásról) - Act on-line in Hungarin

    Adoption: 2017-05-30 | Date of entry into force: 2017-06-02 | Date of gradual entry into force: 2018-01-01 | HUN-2017-L-106843

    Chapter I General provisions 
    Chapter II Arbitration agreement 
    Chapter III Composition of arbitral tribunal 
    Chapter IV Decision of the arbitral tribunal with respect to its own jurisdiction
    Chapter V Interim measures and preliminary orders 
    Chapter VI Proceedings of the court 
    Chapter VII Conducting the arbitral proceedings 
    Chapter VIII Annulment of the arbitral award 
    Chapter IX Retrial 
    Chapter X Enforcement of the arbitral award 
    Chapter XI Other rules 
    Chapter XII Permanent arbitration court 
    Chapter XIII Final provisions 

  8. Hungary - General provisions - Law, Act

    Act I of 2017 on the Code of Administrative Court Procedure. (2017. évi I. törvény a közigazgatási perrendtartásról) - Magyar Közlöny - Official Gazette Act on-line in English

    Adoption: 2017-02-21 | Date of entry into force: 2018-01-01 | HUN-2017-L-106777

    Part One General Provisions
    Chapter I Fundamental provisions
    Chapter II Courts
    Chapter III Material jurisdiction and territorial jurisdiction 
    Chapter IV The parties and the interested person 
    Chapter V Representation 
    Chapter VI Other general provisions 
    Part Two The procedure of first instance 
    Chapter VII The action 
    Chapter VIII Measures based on the statement of claim 
    Chapter IX Interim relief 
    Chapter X Preparatory arrangements for the action 
    Chapter XI Settlement and mediation 
    Chapter XII The hearing 
    Chapter XIII Decision without a hearing 
    Chapter XIV Taking evidence 
    Chapter XV Termination of procedures 
    Part Three Decisions 
    Chapter XVI Decisions of the court 
    Chapter XVII The legal effects and enforcement of decisions 
    Part Four Legal remedies and the procedure to follow in case of a constitutional complaint 
    Chapter XVIII Appeal
    Chapter XIX Extraordinary procedural remedies 
    Chapter XX Procedure to follow in respect of a constitutional complaint 
    Part Five Special administrative court actions and other administrative court procedures 
    Chapter XXI Simplified procedure 
    Chapter XXII Action for failure to act 
    Chapter XXIII Action for imposing an obligation
    Chapter XXIV Supervisory actions against statutory professional bodies 
    Chapter XXV Procedures to review the conflict of a local government decree with other laws and procedures due to the local government’s failure to fulfill its duty to legislate
    Chapter XXVI The procedure to enforce compliance with a judgment ordering a new procedure or establishing failure to act 
    Chapter XXVII Procedure to designate an administrative organ 
    Part Six Final provisions 

  9. Kyrgyzstan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 177 of 11 November 2016 "To Amend the Labour Code". - Legislation from CIS Countries

    Adoption: 2016-11-11 | Date of entry into force: 2016-11-28 | KGZ-2016-L-105678

    Makes a minor wording change in part 4 of Article 378 (Employment contract with the workers of higher professional education organizations): in particular, repeals the words "deans of faculties".

  10. Lithuania - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution of the Seimas No XII-1464 of 16 December 2014 on Criminal Liability for the Purchase of Sexual Services. - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 2014-12-16 | Date of entry into force: 2014-12-19 | LTU-2014-R-99549

    The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, having regard, inter alia, to articles 18, 19, 20 and 21 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania; articles 4 and 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others; the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime; the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings; Articles 2 and 13 of the Treaty on European Union; European Parliament resolution of 2014 on sexual exploitation and prostitution and its impact on gender equality;
    also having regard to the fact that the use of prostitution services is related to sexual objectification of a person, as well as his stigmatisation and traumatisation;
    being aware, inter alia, that the states, which support the purchase of sexual services, prostitution and trafficking in human beings, encounter the violation of human rights and the increase in crime;
    proposes to the Government:
    1) to submit to the Seimas for ratification the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others;
    2) to submit amendments to the Criminal Code criminalizing the purchase of services of prostitution, pornography or other forms of sexual exploitation;
    3) to submit amendments to Article 1821 of the Code of Administrative Offences regarding the abolishing of administrative liability for engagement in prostitution;
    4) to create an interdepartmental working group to prepare a program for re-socialization, rehabilitation and reintegration of sex workers.

  11. Lithuania - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution No. XII-816 of 10 April 2014 on Holding of a Referendum on the Amendment of Articles 9, 47 and 147 of the Constitution. - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 2014-04-10 | Date of entry into force: 2014-04-10 | LTU-2014-R-99557

    In accordance with Article 9 and point 3 of Article 67 of the Constitution and Articles 4, 9, 14 and 15 of the Law "On Referendum", the Seimas resolves:
    to hold a mandatory referendum on the amendment of Articles 9, 47 and 147 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania; to establish that the referendum will be held on 29 June 2014;
    to present for the referendum the draft of the Law amending articles 9 (paras 1, 3), 47 and 147 (para 1) of the Constitution.
    Also establishes, that the Seimas within two months from the adoption of this Law at the referendum, lay down by a constitutional law the procedure for and conditions of the implementation of Article 47 of the Constitution.
    Article 2 of this Law shall enter into force two months after the adoption of this Law at the referendum.

  12. Lithuania - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Resolution No. 79 of 22 January 2014 "On the Approval of the Lithuanian Migration Policy Guidelines". - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 2014-01-22 | Date of entry into force: 2014-01-31 | LTU-2014-R-99559

    In accordance with the Resolution No 228 of the Government of 13 March 2013 "On Approval of Priority Measures for Implementation of the Government Programme for 2012-2016", approves the Lithuanian Migration Policy Guidelines, which includes, inter alia, the following: conditions for migration policy making and implementation, objectives, principles and major areas of migration policy, monitoring the implementation thereof, with an attached list of evaluation criteria for monitoring.

  13. Lithuania - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. VIII-1679 of 11 May 2000 "On Ethics of Bio-medical Research" as Amended to 26 June 2014. - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 2000-05-11 | Date of entry into force: 2001-01-01 | LTU-2000-L-99554

    Establishes, inter alia, basic categories, objectives and peculiarities of conducting bio-medical research, requirements for ethics of bio-medical research, vulnerable subjects and the protection of their interests, control of the conduct of bio-medical research, formation of regional bio-medical research ethics committees and remit thereof.
    Implements Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use (OJ 2004 special edition, Chapter 13, Volume 26, p. 299).

  14. Lithuania - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. I-317 of 2 December 1993 "On Meetings" as Amended to 15 July 2014. - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 1993-12-15 | Date of entry into force: 1993-12 | LTU-1993-L-99552

    Chapter I establishes, inter alia, the purpose of the law, definitions of categories used in the law, persons who can be organizers of meetings, the time and places appropriate for holding meetings, prohibited acts during the meetings. Chapter II deals with the procedure for coordinating a notice of a planned meeting. Chapter III defines the procedure of holding a meeting, reasons for termination thereof. Chapter IV defines rights, obligations and liability of parties to a meeting.

  15. Lithuania - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No.I-2223 of 21 January 1992 "On Environmental Protection", as amended to 14 May 2015. - Legislation On-Line

    Adoption: 1992-01-21 | Date of entry into force: 1992-01-30 | LTU-2015-L-102258

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Rights and duties of citizens of the republic of Lithuania, the public concerned, other legal and natural persons
    Chapter III: Utilization of and accounting for natural resources
    Chapter IV: Regulation of economic activities
    Chapter V: System of monitoring of the state of environment and limiting of adverse effects on the environment
    Chapter VI: Economic mechanism of environmental protection
    Chapter VII: State control of environmental protection and legal responsibility
    Chapter VIII: Involvement of the republic of Lithuania in international cooperation in the field of environmental protection.
    Implements:
    1. Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment (OJ 2004 special edition, Chapter 15, Volume 6, p. 157);
    2. Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21.04.04 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage (OJ 2009 special edition, Chapter 15, volume 8, p. 357) with the latest amendments done by Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 (OJ 2009 L 140, p. 114);
    3. Directive 2010/75/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) (OJ 2010 L 334, p. 17).

  16. Mali - General provisions - Law, Act

    Loi n° 2018-027 du 12 juin 2018 relative aux droits des personnes vivant avec un handicap. - Journal officiel

    Adoption: 2018-06-12 | MLI-2018-L-107353

    A pour objet de promouvoir et de protéger les droits des personnes vivant avec un handicap. En matière d'emploi, il est prévu notamment que les personnes diplômées, vivant avec un handicap, bénéficient de mesures spécifiques de recrutement aux emplois publics et privés.

  17. Nicaragua - General provisions - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 952, de26 de junio de 2017, que reforma la Ley núm. 641, "Código Penal de la República de Nicaragua", la Ley núm. 779, "Ley Integral contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres y de Reforma a la Ley núm. 641, Código Penal" y la Ley núm. 406, "Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua" - Asamblea Nacional

    Adoption: 2017-06-26 | Date of entry into force: 2017-07-05 | NIC-2017-L-107421

    La ley citada reforma los artículos 139 (Parricidio), 140 (Asesinato), 168 (Violación a menores de catorce años), 169 (Violación Agravada) y 565 (Juez Técnico) de la Ley núm. 641, “Código Penal de la República de Nicaragua” y le adiciona el artículo 140 bis., que tipifica el delito de Asesinato agravado. Por otra parte, también reforma el artículo 9 de la Ley núm. 779, “Ley Integral Contra la Violencia Hacia las Mujeres y de Reformas a la Ley núm. 641, Código Penal”, relativo al Femicidio. Finalmente, adiciona el numeral 7) al artículo 22 de la Ley núm. 406, “Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua”, que trata de la “Competencia Territorial”.

  18. Peru - General provisions - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 30841, de 24 de julio de 2018, que modifica el artículo 2 de la Ley núm. 30137, ley que establece criterios de priorización para la atención del pago de sentencias judiciales - Archivo Digital de la Legislación del Perú

    Adoption: 2018-07-24 | Date of entry into force: 2018-08-20 | PER-2018-L-107437

    La ley en cuestión establece la priorización de pago de deudas laborales, previsionales y por violación de derechos humanos a los acreedores adultos mayores de sesenta y cinco años de edad y/o a los acreedores con enfermedad en fase avanzada y/o terminal, debidamente diagnosticada y acreditada por especialistas del Ministerio de Salud y/o ESSALUD.

  19. Tajikistan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 1356 of 14 November 2016 "On the National Leader, Founder of Peace and National Unity". - Legislation from CIS Countries

    Adoption: 2016-11-14 | Date of entry into force: 2016-11-17 | TJK-2016-L-105722

    Defines the concept of the National Leader, Founder of Peace and National Unity, his competencies, establishment of the order and state award of the Founder, his immunity, provision of his activity, providing him with communication and transportation means. Also establishes the Foundation, Museum, Library, Archive, monument of the National Leader. Introduces the procedure of providing medical, social, pension insurance for the National Leader, also the sources of financing his activity.
    Repeals the previous law "On the National Leader, Founder of Peace and National Unity" (Akhbori Majlisi Oli Respubliki Tajikistan 2015, No. 12, P.1, p.1105).

  20. Tajikistan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No.1355 of 24 August 2016 "On Amnesty". - Legislation from CIS Countries

    Adoption: 2016-08-24 | Date of entry into force: 2016-08-26 | TJK-2016-L-105723

    Majlisi Oli approves this law with the aim of implementation of the principle of humanism, on the occasion of 25th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Tajikistan.
    Establishes, inter alia, the categories of persons eligible for amnesty, the conditions in which crimes were committed. Also sets the crimes and categories of persons for which and whom the termination of criminal pre-investigation procedure is allowed by this law. Also sets the categories of convicted for whom the provisions of this law do not apply. Introduces other provisions in regard with the persons eligible for amnesty.

  21. Tajikistan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 1338 of 23 July 2016 "On Humanitarian Anti-Mine Action". - Legislation from CIS Countries

    Adoption: 2016-07-23 | Date of entry into force: 2016-07-28 | TJK-2016-L-105725

    Establishes, inter alia, the general principles of humanitarian anti-mine action, state regulation in the sphere of humanitarian anti-mine activity. Also defines the essence of humanitarian anti-mine activity, including the accreditation of the subjects of humanitarian anti-mine activity, sappers, cleansing of dangerous territories from mines, programmes for providing assistance to persons suffered from mines and unexploded ammunition, also deals with international cooperation and obligations in the framework of implementation of international agreements.

  22. Turkmenistan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 454-V of 15 October 2016 "on Combating Human Trafficking". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-10-15 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-01 | TKM-2016-L-105738

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Means of influence over the victims of human trafficking and forms of their exploitation
    Chapter III: Organizational bases for combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IV: Prevention of human trafficking and crimes linked with it
    Chapter V: Identification of victims of human trafficking, procedure of recognizing as a victim of human trafficking and giving the status of a victim of human trafficking
    Chapter VI: Specialized institutions for assistance and support to victims of human trafficking. Repatriation of persons who were victims of human trafficking
    Chapter VII: Social rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking, protection and assistance for them
    Chapter VIII: International cooperation in the sphere of combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IX: Final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law "On Combat Against Human Trafficking" (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 2007, No. 4, p. 79).

  23. Turkmenistan - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 448-V of 14 September 2016 "to Approve the New Edition of the Constitution". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-09-14 | Date of entry into force: 2016-09-14 | TKM-2016-L-105756

    Establishes a new edition of the Constitution with the following content:
    Section I: Fundamentals of constitutional system of Turkmenistan
    Section II: Rights, freedoms and duties of human person and citizen in Turkmenistan
    Section III: System of state power bodies in Turkmenistan
    Section IV: Local self-government
    Section V: Electoral system, referendum
    Section VI: Prosecutor’s office
    Section VII: Economics and financial-crediting system
    Section VIII: Final provisions.

  24. Ukraine - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 1769-VIII of 6 December 2016 "To Amend Several Legal Acts of Ukraine Related with the Perfection of the Procedure of Military Service". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-12-06 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-07 | UKR-2016-L-105525

    Amends the Labour Code: namely, rephrases Part 3 of Article 119 (Guarantees for workers in time of carrying out state or public duties), also repealing Part 4 and making wording changes in Part 5 of the same article.
    Also amends the Law "On Pension Provision to Persons Discharged from Military Service and for Some Other Persons": namely, rephrases Part 3 of Article 2 (Conditions of pension provision).

  25. Ukraine - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 1401-VIII of 2 June 2016 "to Amend the Constitution of Ukraine" (with respect to Justice). - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-06-02 | Date of entry into force: 2016-09-30 | UKR-2016-L-105565

    Rephrases the following Articles:
    Article 124: Justice in Ukraine is exercised exclusively by the courts.
    Article 125: Court proceedings in Ukraine are processed based on the principles of territoriality and is established by the law.
    Article 126: Independence and immunity of judges are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of Ukraine.
    Article 127: Justice is exercised by judges. Justice is exercised with the participation of jury in cases provided by the law.
    Article 128: Appointment of a judge for a position is exercised by the President of Ukraine, by the Suggestion of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, due to the Procedure Established by the Law.
    Article 129: In the administration of justice, judges are independent and subject only to the law.
    Article 130: The State ensures funding and proper conditions for the operation of courts and the activity of judges. Expenditures for the maintenance of courts are allocated separately in the State Budget of Ukraine, with the consideration of suggestions of the Supreme Court of Ukraine.
    Article 131: The Supreme Council of Justice operates in Ukraine.
    Article 147: The Constitutional Court of Ukraine decides on issues of conformity of laws and other legal acts with the Constitution of Ukraine and provides the official interpretation of the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws of Ukraine, also has other competencies in accordance with the current Constitution.
    Article 148: The Constitutional Court of Ukraine is composed of eighteen judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.
    Article 149: Independence and immunity of the judges of the Constitutional Court are guaranteed by the Constitution and the laws of Ukraine.
    Article 151, on the procedure of conclusions of the Constitutional Court on the conformity of international agreements with the Constitution of Ukraine;
    Article 153, on the procedure of the activity of the Constitutional Court.
    Also supplements the Constitution with new article 129-1 on the procedure of decision making of the Court; Article 130-1 on the self-government of judges; Article 131-1 on the activity of the Prosecutor’s Office; Article 131-2 on the advocacy; Article 148-1 on the state funding of the Constitutional Court activity; Article 149-1 on the competencies of the judge of the Constitutional Court; Article 151-1 on the constitutional appellations; Article 151-2 on the essence of the Constitutional Court decisions.
    Also makes minor changes in Articles 29, 55, 59, 85, 92, 106, 110, 111, 136, 150, 152. Supplements Section XV-Transitional provisions-with new paragraph 16-1.

  26. Uruguay - General provisions - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 19645, de 27 de julio de 2018, que dispone la modificación de normas del Código Penal relacionadas con el delito de homicidio - Dirección Nacional de Impresiones y Publicaciones Oficiales

    Adoption: 2018-07-27 | Date of entry into force: 2018-08-20 | URY-2018-L-107435

    La ley en cuestión modifica el Código Penal. En tal sentido, sustituye el artículo 310, relativo al homicidio; agrega el numeral 9º al artículo 312, que se refiere al homicidio de una persona que revista la calidad de funcionario policial, juez o fiscal, siempre que el delito fuera cometido a raíz o en razón de su calidad de tal; y deroga el artículo 301 bis.

  27. Uruguay - General provisions - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 19643, de 20 de julio de 2018, que dicta normas para la prevención y el combate de la trata de personas y modifica el Código Penal - Dirección Nacional de Impresiones y Publicaciones Oficiales

    Adoption: 2018-07-20 | Date of entry into force: 2018-08-14 | URY-2018-L-107433

    La ley citada tiene por objeto la prevención, persecución y sanción de la trata y la explotación de personas, así como la atención, protección y reparación de las víctimas. Por otra parte, modifica el artículo 280 del Código Penal, relativo a la reducción de personas a la esclavitud, servidumbre o trabajo forzoso, y agrega los artículos 280 bis (Esclavitud sexual), 280 ter (Unión matrimonial o concubinaria forzada o servil), 280 quater (Prostitución forzada) y 280 quinquies (Apropiación de niñas, niños o adolescentes para la adopción). La ley se estructura de la siguiente manera:
    CAPITULO I: Parte general
    CAPÍTULO II: Consejo Nacional de Prevención y Combate a la
    Trata y la Explotación de Personas
    CAPÍTULO III: Sistema Interinstitucional de Respuesta para Situaciones de Trata y Explotación de Personas
    CAPÍTULO IV: Respuestas específicas a la trata internacional
    CAPÍTULO V: Acceso a la justicia
    CAPÍTULO VI: Normas penales.


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